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Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Condor)

Heavy-Lift Strategic Transport Aircraft

Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Condor)

Heavy-Lift Strategic Transport Aircraft


The An-124 Ruslan was first unveiled to Western eyes in 1983 and was formally introduced into service in 1986.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Soviet Union
YEAR: 1986
STATUS: Active, Limited Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Antonov - Soviet Union / Ukraine
OPERATORS: Libya; Russia; Soviet Union; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom

Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Condor) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
LENGTH: 226.71 feet (69.1 meters)
WIDTH: 240.49 feet (73.3 meters)
HEIGHT: 68.18 feet (20.78 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 385,809 pounds (175,000 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 892,872 pounds (405,000 kilograms)
ENGINE: 4 x Ivchenko Progress D-18T turbofan engines developing 51,600lbs of thrust each.
SPEED (MAX): 537 miles-per-hour (865 kilometers-per-hour; 467 knots)
RANGE: 9,756 miles (15,700 kilometers; 8,477 nautical miles)
CEILING: 39,370 feet (12,000 meters; 7.46 miles)


Series Model Variants
• An-124 - Base Transport Form
• An-124-100 - Commercial Freighter
• An-124-100M-150 - Commercial Freighter with Western cockpit.
• An-124-102 - Commercial Freighter with EFIS flight deck arrangement.
• An-124-130 - Proposed Freighter Development
• An-124-135 - Freighter
• An-124-150 - Proposed improved freighter
• An-124-200 - Proposed freighter with General Electric CF6-80C2 engines of 60,000lbs thrust each.
• An-124-210 - Proposed freighter for Air Foyle; was to be fitted with Rolls-Royce RB211-524H-T series turbofan engines of 60,600lbs thrust each; Western electronics and avionics; proposal fell to naught.
• An-124-300 - Modernized An-124 with all-new avionics and increased payload function; primarily operated by the Russian Air Force.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Condor) Heavy-Lift Strategic Transport Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/2/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©
The Antonov An-124 (NATO codename of "Condor") was the world's largest aircraft before the Antonov An-225 made its debut. The An-124 was developed specifically as a replacement for the aging An-22 with a military mission scope similar to the American Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, sharing a similar configuration.

The An-124 utilizes both nose and cargo doors for simultaneous loading and unloading and can move tons of supplies and equipment at the strategic theater level. Her listed empty eight is 175,000 kilograms which is superseded by a maximum take-off weight of 405,000 kilograms showcasing type's hauling capabilities. Power is served through 4 x Ivchenko Progress D-18T series turbofan engines developing 51,600lbs of thrust each. The engine configuration allows for a top speed of 540 miles per hour, a cruise speed of 500 miles per hour, a range out to 3,300 miles with a service ceiling of nearly 40,000 feet (39,400 listed, all factors of course load-dependent).

The general arrangement of the An-124 is highly conventional with a wide, deep fuselage assembly capped by a high-mounted flight deck at the front and an elevated tail unit at the rear. The tail is finished with a single vertical tail fin and low-mounted horizontal planes. The elevated nature of the appendage allows for rear cargo access through proper structural clearance. This requires a strong support structure at the center of the design and the An-124 does not disappoint with 24 wheels managed by two main undercarriage positions under the main section of the fuselage. The nose is supported by a two-wheeled leg in turn.

As with other aircraft of this type, the An-124 makes use of shoulder-mounted wing assemblies offering excellent ground clearance. Each wing sports noticeable sweep along their leading and trailing edges, offering the required handling at low-speeds. Each wing also manages a pair of underwing engine nacelles which provide the necessary thrust for the platform.

As of this writing (2013), many An-124s actually sport civilian markings for they make exceptional material-hauling transports. Libya owns a pair of An-124s while Ukraine operates some seven units. The UAE manages a single example. Russian firms Aeroflot, Ayaks, Russian State Transport Company and Transaero Airlines each operate the type. The Russian Air Force remains the only military operator of the An-124 with 25 examples across the 12th Military Transport Air Division and the 224th Air Detachment of Military Transport Aviation. The United Kingdom was a former limited civilian operator of the type when several concerns - Air Foyle, HeavyLift Cargo Airlines, Antonov AirTrack, Titan Cargo and TransCharter Titan Cargo - made use of the series. All have since been dissolved or have gone out of operations involving An-124s.

Over 50 examples have been produces since service introduction occurred in 1986. The series has existed in several notable variant forms including the base An-124 transport. The An-124-100 is a commercial cargo hauler while the similar An-124-100M-150 is outfitted with Western-minded avionics equipment. The An-124-102 is another commercial variant. The An-124-130 existed as a proposed variant that fell to naught. The An-124-135 proved another air freighter variant. The An-124-150 remains a proposed upgraded mount as does the An-124-200, the latter intended to be powered by American General electric CF6-80C2 series turbofan engines of 60,000lbs thrust each. The An-124-300 is the most modern and technologically advanced offering of the An-124 family, having entered service in number with the Russian Air Force.

It was reported in January of 2013 that a new initiative by Volga-Dnepr Group of Russia is pushing for a restart of An-124 production.


October 2018 - Cargo-LogicAir has partnered with General Electric to study plans to re-engine its fleet of An-124 transports. The CF6-80C2 turbofan appears the likely candidate.

Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 750mph
Lo: 375mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (537mph).

    Graph average of 562.5 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
Graph showcases the Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Condor)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.

Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
Ground Attack
Aerial Tanker
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

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