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Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger)

Nazi Germany (1943)
Picture of Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger) Reconnaissance / Medium Bomber

The Junkers Ju 188 Rache was a solid design and good performer, though appearing several years too late to make an impact.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger) Reconnaissance / Medium Bomber.  Entry last updated on 4/24/2011. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

When the new Junkers Ju 288 - a design meant to replace the Junkers Ju 88 series of bombers - ran into developmental issues with its engines, Junkers set about producing an in-between utilizing the Ju 88's airframe. The Ju 88B and Ju 88E were converted test frames (with an increased wingspan and new fuselage) that would eventually lead up to the development of the Ju 188 Racher (or "Avenger") series - a high performance aircraft that differed little in the aircraft it was meant to replace. Production would be limited to just over 1,000 examples.

With the prototypes ready and flying, it would only be a short time later before the production Ju 188s would see operational service in 1943. In an attempt to avoid previous issues with powerplant acceptability, the Ju 188 was specifically designed to take on both Jumo and BMW type engines without any modification needed to the airframe. The Ju 188 crew comprised of four personnel.

Design was of a typical Dornier twin-engine layout with the BMW or Jumo series engines fitted to the low-wing monoplane. The cockpit and nose were of the greenhouse type design with a 15mm autocannon protruding from the nose. A top turret featured a single 13mm machine gun while a 7.92mm machine gun was situated in a rear-facing ventral gondola. Some models carried an additional machine gun in a dorsal rear-facing gondola position as well. Internal and external bomb load was limited to around 6,600lbs of stores.

The Ju 188 was primarily a reconnaissance platform though it did fulfill the bomber and nightfighter roles to some extent. The Ju 188E-2 existed as a torpedo bomber while the Ju 188D-2 came on as a naval reconnaissance variant fitted with specialized radar in the nose. The nightfighter derivative was the Ju 188R-0, which were modified from the Ju 188E models and were given 4x 20mm or 2 x 30mm cannons along with the standard radar system. A series of high altitude performance models also appeared in the form of the Ju 188J, Ju 188K and Ju 188L that warranted an all new Ju 388 designation. These three additional were proposed designs that would have been comprised of a heavy fighter, bomber and reconnaissance type respectively.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (310mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Junkers Ju 188E-1 Rache (Avenger)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1076
1076


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Nazi Germany
Year: 1943
Type: Reconnaissance / Medium Bomber
Manufacturer(s): Junkers - Germany
Production: 1,076
Global Operators:
France; Hungary; Nazi Germany; United Kingdom
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Junkers Ju 188E-1 Rache (Avenger) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
5


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
49.21 ft


Meters
15 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
72.18 ft


Meters
22 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
14.44 ft


Meters
4.4 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
21,826 lb


Kilograms
9,900 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
31,967 lb


Kilograms
14,500 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x BMW 801D-2 14-cylinder radial engines delivering 1,730 horsepower each.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
310 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
499 kph


Knots
269 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,361 mi


Kilometers
2,190 km


Nautical Miles
1,183 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
31,168 ft


Meters
9,500 m


Miles
5.90 mi

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Armament - Hardpoints (2):

STANDARD:
1 x 20mm MG 151/20 autocannon in nose
1 x 13mm MG 131 machine gun in dorsal turret
1 x 13mm MG 131 machine gun in trainable rear cockpit position.
1 x 7.92mm MG 81Z OR 13mm MG 131 machine gun in rear-firing ventral gondola position.

OPTIONAL:
Up to 6,608lbs of external and internal stores.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Ju 88B - Prototype test bed of existing Ju 88 bomber.
• Ju 88E - Prototype test bed of existing Ju 88 bomber.
• Ju 188 - Base Series Designation developed from the Ju 88B and Ju 88E test bed.
• Ju 188A - Fitted with Jumo series engines.
• Ju 188A-1
• Ju 188A-2 - Fitted with Jumo MW50 methanol-water injection engines.
• Ju 188E - Fitted with BMW series engines.
• Ju 188E-1
• Ju 188E-2 - Torpedo Bomber
• Ju 188C - Modified A-1 model; FA 15 powered turret fitted to tail with 2 x 13mm MG131 machine guns; single example produced.
• Ju 188D-1 - Reconnaissance Version; similar to A-1 model.
• Ju 188D-2 - Reconnaissance Version; fitted with nose radar for maritime reconnaissance.
• Ju 188F-1 - E conversion models
• Ju 188F-2 - E conversion models
• Ju 188G-2 - BMW 801 engines; increased internal bomb bay; never produced; manned rear turret.
• Ju 188H-2 - BMW 801 engines; reconnaissance platform version of the Ju 188G-2 model; never produced.
• Ju 188R-0 - Modified E models as nightfighters; radar fitted along with 4 x 20mm OR 2 x 30mm cannons in nose; never produced.
• Ju 188J - Proposed high altitude heavy-class fighter platform; sans bottom gunner position.
• Ju 188K - Proposed high altitude bomber platform; sans bottom gunner position.
• Ju 188L - Proposed high altitude reconnaissance platform; sans bottom gunner position.
• Ju 188S - Longer wings; redesignated as Ju 388 series.
• Ju 188T - "intruder" Variant; longer wings; redesignated as Ju 388 series.
• Ju 388 - High-Altitude Variant Series; limited production quantity.