Military Factory logo

Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind) - France, 1959

Detailing the development and operational history of the Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind) Anti-Submarine Warfare Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 4/8/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind)  
Picture of Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind)

Though retired in 2000, the Breguet Alize became an important anti-submarine warfare platform aboard French aircraft carriers during the Cold War.

The Breguet Br.1050 "Alize" (meaning "tradewind") was a French production aircraft suitable for carrier-based anti-submarine warfare (ASW) tactics. The system was fielded in limited quantity throughout the Cold War and proved itself a capable performer, appearing on major French aircraft carriers of the time. India became the only other operator of the system, accounting for 12 such examples with the French Navy maintaining no fewer than 70 of their own on sea-based and land-based operations.

The Br.1050 is a most distinct-looking aircraft, particularly in the design of the nose assembly. A crew of three monitors the various systems aboard the craft and the system sits low to the ground when at rest. The wings are designed to be carrier-friendly and expectantly fold up for better storage. Power is supplied by a single piston engine of Rolls-Royce brand delivering some 2,100 horsepower.

Initially a Breguet design known as the Br.960 "Vultur" and designed as a conventional strike aircraft, the Br.960 grew into the Br.965 as French Navy requirements changed. The resulting Br.965 later became the definitive anti-submarine warfare system designated as the Br.1050. The Br.1050 offered up exceptional range at some 1,785 miles while being able to carry combined armaments of depth charges, air-to-surface torpedoes and air-to-surface missiles, making the Alize a potent and lethal ship-borne element to the French fleet.

Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind) Specifications

Service Year: 1959
Type: Anti-Submarine Warfare Aircraft
National Origin: France
Manufacturer(s): Breguet - France
Total Production: 89

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 3
Overall Length: 45.51 feet (13.87 meters)
Overall Width: 51.18 feet (15.60 meters)
Overall Height: 16.40 feet (5.00 meters)

Weight (Empty): 12,566 lb (5,700 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 18,078 lb (8,200 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 1 x Rolls-Royce Dart RDa7 turboprop engine delivering 1,565 horsepower.

Maximum Speed: 280 knots (322 mph; 518 kph)
Maximum Range: 1,350 nautical miles (1,553 miles; 2,500 km)
Service Ceiling: 26,247 feet (8,000 meters; 4.97 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,380 feet-per-minute (421 m/min)

Armament / Mission Payload

1 x Torpedo OR 3 x Depth Charges in internal bomb bay.
2 x Depth Charges underwing
6 x Rocket Pods OR 2 x Anti-Ship missiles underwing.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)

France; India

Model Variants

Br.1050 "Alize" - Base Series Designation

Images Gallery