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General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B)

United States (2007)
Picture of General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B) All-Weather Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV)
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The General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper maintains a role of hunter-killer for the United States Air Force.


Detailing the development and operational history of the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B) All-Weather Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV).  Entry last updated on 7/6/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The MQ-9 "Reaper" ("M" = multirole; "Q" = Unmanned Aerial Vehicle; "9" = series designation) offers the United States Air Force a high-level, remotely-piloted weapons platform capable of instant action and precise engagement. Appearing outwardly similar to the earlier Predator series of UAV's, the Reaper is in fact a dimensionally larger offshoot featuring more power and a broadened munitions-delivery capability. The MQ-1 "Predator" (Predator A) is also a "first generation" Predator UAV, beginning life as an unarmed reconnaissance platform under the RQ-1 designation and only being armed later in its tenure (as the MQ-1). The MQ-9 "Reaper" (Predator B) became the next logical evolution in the series, from the outset conceived of as an armed reconnaissance platform with better performance capabilities within a larger airframe. The MQ-9 Reaper was introduced for service in 2007 and was set to play a major role in the United States effort on the "War on Terror" concerning Afghanistan and Iraq.

One of the more defining physical characteristics of the MQ-9 versus the MQ-1 is the outward-cranked upturned tail fins - these are downturned on the MQ-1.

The MQ-9 system is fully-portable and can break down in sections for airlifting in a Lockheed C-130 transport or similar aircraft. The basic design of the pilot-less aircraft allows for take-off and landings to occur on nearly any runaway surface.

The Reaper is capable of carrying and delivering munitions from two external hardpoints in the form of anti-tank "Hellfire" Anti-Tank (AT) missiles and GBU-12 / GBU-38 series of JDAM (Joint Direct Attack Munitions) precision-guided bombs. The platform is categorized as a "hunter/killer", equally adept at operating in the stratosphere as a real-time reconnaissance drone and also being able to engage targets when needed. Imaging is accomplished through intensified TV, daylight TV and IR (InfraRed) sensor cameras along with an integrated laser rangefinder that doubles as a laser designator for the direct-guided JDAM munitions.

Operation of an MQ-9 Reaper is accomplished through a series of on-the-ground support vehicles and equipment stations (Ground Control Stations - GCSs). A specially-trained airman flies the Reaper via joystick control, observing the aircraft's activity through a color nose-mounted camera and other in-flight reporting systems. At the very core of any UAV program is this ability to keep allied airmen risk-free from any hostile action over contested territories.

There are plans to succeed the MQ-9 series with the larger, jet-powered, stealth-minded "Avenger" (Predator C) model.


Picture of the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B) All-Weather Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV)
Picture of the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B) All-Weather Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV)


In 2015 there were 104 examples of the MQ-9 Reaper in operational service the United States Air Force.

On February 2, 2011, the U.S. DoD announced a procurement contract with General Atomics Aeronautical Systems of Poway, California for an additional 24 MQ-9 Reaper systems at a price tag of $148,255,502 USD.

On October 17th, 2011, the US DoD announced a procurement contract with General Atomics for the delivery of two RQ-9 Reaper UAV systems, three LYNX Block 30 radars and a spare engine to the Italian Air Force to cost $15,053,962 (Contact FA8620-10-G-3038 0006).

In November of 2013 the Netherlands announced plans to field Reapers by 2017. Four are expected to make up the force. The Dutch join France, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States and notable operators of the Reaper line.

By the end of 2014, some 163 Reapers had been built.

In February of 2015 it was announced that General Atomics had been awarded a $279,144,933 value contract for work on twenty-four MQ-9 Block 5 Reapers as well as associated spares and support equipment. The work is scheduled to be performed at Poway, California and be completed by September 30th, 2017.

December 2015 - The British plan to purchase twenty new MQ-9 Reaper UAVs to fulfill a portion of their "Protector" program. This stock will also succeed the existing inventory of ten MQ-9 drones.

February 2016 - A Reaper crashed at Kandahar Airfield in Afghanistan.

July 2016 - A Reaper was lost in action over Syria as part of the U.S. commitment to the Syrian Civil War (2011-Present).

September 2017 - It was announced that the French will begin arming their fleet of Reaper UAVs - which up to this point were used solely in the Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) role. This will mark France as the third nation, behind the United States and the United Kingdom, to feature armed Reaper aircraft.

February 2018 - The MQ-9B variant continues its testing phase.




  Program Updates  


June 2018 - It was announced that the MQ-9B Sky guardian UAV will be scheduled to make an appearance at the Royal International Air Tatoo in England. The air vehicle will attempt to fly from Grand Forks, North Dakota to RAF Fairford, crossing the Atlantic in the process. The British Royal Air Force has signed on to procure the product and will receive its first example some time in 2023.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (230mph).

    Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
200
200


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
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Origin: United States
Year: 2007
Type: All-Weather Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV)
Manufacturer(s): General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Incorporated - USA
Production: 200
Status: Active, In-Service
Global Operators:
Australia; Dominican Republic; France; Italy; Netherlands; Spain; United Kingdom; United States
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (Predator B) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
0


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
36.09 ft


Meters
11 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
65.94 ft


Meters
20.1 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
12.50 ft


Meters
3.81 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
3,704 lb


Kilograms
1,680 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
10,494 lb


Kilograms
4,760 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Honeywell TPE331-10GD turboprop engine developing 900 horsepower and driving a three-bladed propeller unit in pusher configuration.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
230 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
370 kph


Knots
200 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,878 mi


Kilometers
3,022 km


Nautical Miles
1,632 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
50,000 ft


Meters
15,240 m


Miles
9.47 mi

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an aircraft air-to-surface missile
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-tank guided missile
Graphical image of an aircraft guided bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (6):

Mission-specific ordnance can include any combination of the following across four double-hardpoints:

AGM-114 Hellfire anti-tank missiles, GBU-12 Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM) and GBU-38 Joint Direct Attack Munitions (JDAM).
Variants: Series Model Variants
• RQ-1 "Predator" - Unarmed Reconnaissance Drone on which the MQ-1 is based on.
• MQ-1 "Predator" - Armed Reconnaissance Drone of the RQ-1 model.
• MQ-9 "Reaper" - Base Series Designation; derived from the RQ-1 Predator model though the Reaper is larger and features more powerful performance and payload capabilities.
• MQ-9 "Guardian" - Maritime Patrol Variant used by United States Customs and Border Protection Agency; at least two examples in use; fitted with special maritime search radar and electro-optical equipment.
• MQ-9B "SkyGuardian" - Certified for European airspace flight regulations (NATO STANAG 4671); features sense-and-avoid capability, lighting strike protection, 40-hour endurance and 79-foot wingspan mainplanes with winglet tips.
• "SeaGuardian" - Maritime Patrol variant offered by GA-ASI.