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Mil Mi-26 (Halo) - Soviet Union, 1983

Detailing the development and operational history of the Mil Mi-26 (Halo) Heavy-Lift Transport Helicopter.

 Entry last updated on 11/18/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  Mil Mi-26 (Halo)  
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The Soviet-Russian Mil Mi-26 HALO remains the largest helicopter to ever have been produced in number and remains in active service across the globe.

Since its adoption into service with the Soviet Air Force during the early 1980s, the Cold War-era Mi-26 (NATO codename of "Halo") has been the largest and most powerful helicopter anywhere in the world. This heavy-lift series was developed to replace the aging Mil Mi-6 series. The Mi-26 was given an all-new, eight-bladed main rotor driven by a pair of Lotarev powerplants which helped the helicopter become a proven performer in both military and civilian roles - serving well in humanitarian relief efforts through its impactful supply-delivery capabilities.

The Mi-26 is powered by twin Lotarev D-136 series turboshafts developing approximately 11,400 shaft horsepower each and these are installed atop the cargo hold section of the fuselage abaft of the flight deck. Performance-wise, this massive machine can reach speeds up to 185 miles per hour and cruise at 160 miles per hour. Range is out to 1,200 miles with a service ceiling of 15,100 feet being possible. The 105-foot diameter eight-blade main rotor features advanced design and construction and is paired to a five-bladed tail rotor fitted along the vertical tail fin facing starboard. The helicopter's cockpit cabin is set well-forwards in the design, overlooking a short, rounded nose cone assembly and offering excellent vision out-of-the-cockpit. The cargo area is spacious and suitable for hauling up to 90 infantry with gear, 60 medical litters with staff or up 44,100 pounds of cargo. Her power is such that she can be used to carry heavy construction equipment to areas traditional rugged Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) aircraft cannot. Entry/exit is through sliding side doors as well as a powered loading ramp at rear which opens at the base of the tail section. The undercarriage is fixed and wheeled, consisting of a traditional tricycle arrangement. The standard operating crew for the Mi-26 is five made up of two pilots, a flight engineer/loadmaster, dedicated navigator, and a flight technician.

The Mi-26 has evolved from its original V-29 prototype to appear in a variety of dedicated and specialized forms. These include modernized models, MEDEVAC versions, a dedicated Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) platform, passenger/cargo types, and an airborne heavy-lift crane version. There has also been a dedicated fire-fighting platform.

Beyond the militarized versions of the Mi-26, there are also civilian market variants in service. Since its inception, it is reported that about 300 Mi-26 helicopters have been produced. First flight was on December 14th, 1977 with service introduction coming in 1983. Deliveries followed thereafter and full operational status was reached by 1986.

The Mi-26 was designed by engineers at the storied Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant in Moscow, Russia.

An Mi-26 Halo, with over 125 Russian personnel aboard, was downed by a Chechen surface-to-air missile system in August of 2002, killing all passengers and crew. More recently, Chinese Mi-26's have taken part in disaster relief operations in quake-effected regions of China.

Mil Mi-26 (Halo) Specifications

Service Year: 1983
Status: Active, In-Service
Type: Heavy-Lift Transport Helicopter
National Origin: Soviet Union
Manufacturer(s): Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant - Soviet Union / Russian Helicopters - Russia
Total Production: 300

Structural (Crew, Dimensions, Weights)

Operating Crew (Typical): 5
Overall Length: 131.30 feet (40.02 meters)
Overall Width: 104.99 feet (32.00 meters)
Overall Height: 26.71 feet (8.14 meters)

Weight (Empty): 62,170 lb (28,200 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 123,459 lb (56,000 kg)

Power / Performance (Engine Type, Top Speed)

Engine: 2 x Lotarev D-136 turboshaft engines developing 11,400 horsepower each driving an eight-bladed main rotor and five-bladed tail rotor.

Maximum Speed: 159 knots (183 mph; 295 kph)
Maximum Range: 1,054 nautical miles (1,213 miles; 1,952 km)
Service Ceiling: 15,092 feet (4,600 meters; 2.86 miles)

Armament / Mission Payload

None. Hold reserved for up to 90 combat-ready troops, 60 medical litters with medical staff, or up to 44,100 pounds of cargo / supply pallets.

Global Operators (Customers, Users)

Algeria; Belarus; Belgium; Cambodia; China; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Equatorial Guinea; India; Indonesia; Kazakhstan; Laos; Mexico; North Korea; Peru; Poland; Russia; Soviet Union; Ukraine; Venezuela

Model Variants

V-29 - Prototype Model
Mi-26 "Halo-A" - Militarized Cargo Transport Model.
Mi 26A - Upgraded Mi-26 Model
Mi-26M - Improved Performance Model based on the Mi-26.
Mi-26MS - MEDEVAC variant
Mi-26NEF-M - Dedicated Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Model.
Mi-26P - Passenger Transport Model; seating for up to 63 personnel.
Mi-26PP - Communications Model
Mi-26PK - Airborne Crane Platform
Mi-26S - Conversion Model developed to combt and assist nucelar disasters after the Chernobly incident.
Mi-26T - Civilian Cargo Transport Model
Mi-26TC - Basic Cargo Transport Model
Mi-26TM - Airborne Crane Platform
Mi-26TP - Dedicated Firefighting Platform
Mi-26TS - Export Model based on the Mi-26T model civilian cargo transport.
Mi-26TZ - Dedicated In-Flight Refueling Tanker

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