×
Military Pay Scale Military Ranks Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines
HOME
AIRCRAFT / AVIATION
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
MODERN AIRCRAFT

Xian Y-7


Turboprop-Powered Regional Airliner / Cargo Aircraft


Aviation / Aerospace

Just over 100 Xian Y-7 turboprop-powered transport were built by Chinese industry these continuing to serve today in some capacity solely with China.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/1/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Xian Y-7 is a conventional high-winged, turboprop-powered regional airliner / transport aircraft designed, developed, and produced by Chinese aero-industry (Xi'an Aircraft Industries Corporation). The aircraft flew for the first time on February 20th, 1984 and entered service thereafter, resulting 103 airframes being built. The design stems from years of experience in manufacturing and operating Soviet-era Antonov An-24 and An-26 tactical transport types (these detailed elsewhere on this site).

The base Y7-100 variant is typically crewed by three and can carry up to 52 passengers or cargo. Overall length reaches 79.4 feet with a wingspan measuring 97.3 feet and a height of 28 feet. Empty weight is 33,045 with a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) being 48,060lb. Power is from 2 x Dongan WJ-5A turboprop engines developing 2,400 horsepower each and used to drive four-bladed propeller units in tractor fashion.

Performance includes a maximum speed of 315 miles-per-hour, a cruising speed near 265 mph, a range out to 570 miles, and a service ceiling of 28,700 feet.

The high-winged nature of the airframe allows for strong short-field take-offs and landing capabilities, providing the perfect balance of lift-versus-drag at low speeds. This arrangement also makes loading/unloading the aircraft relatively safer and simpler with the engine nacelles elevated quite a distance from the tarmac. Beyond this, the aircraft has a traditional configuration with its side-by-side seating flightdeck positioned aft of a short nosecone, a single vertical tailfin with low-set horizontal planes, and short landing gear legs to keep the airframe relatively close to the ground.

Variants aplenty in regards to this hauler, a military model being the "Y-7G" serving the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF). Civilian variants are designated with hyphenated details such as the "Y7H-500" of 1994, the "Y-7-100C1/C2/C3" with some equipment changes, and the "Y-7-200" with modernized avionics set (though sans winglets at wingtips). The Y-7-200A is powered by 2 x Pratt & Whitney PW127C American turboprops and the Y-7-200B follows with WJ5A-1G Chinese turboprops and a lengthening of the fuselage. The Y-7-MA60 (MA60) was a "westernized" model to better sell to Western-aligned operators - this version makes up the aforementioned militarized Y-7G.

China remains the only operator of the series (on the military side) - former operators include Cambodia, India, Iran, Laos, Mauritania, and Zimbabwe. Chinese civilian air carriers have since moved on from the type.


Specifications



Year:
1985
Status
Active, In-Service
Crew
3
Production
103 Units
Xian Aircraft Industrial Corporation (XIAC) - China
National flag of Cambodia National flag of China National flag of Iran National flag of Laos National flag of Mauritania National flag of Zimbabwe Cambodia; China; Iran; Laos; Mauritania; Zimbabwe
- Transport
- Commercial Market
Length:
79.46 ft (24.22 m)
Width:
97.34 ft (29.67 m)
Height:
28.22 ft (8.6 m)
Empty Weight:
33,069 lb (15,000 kg)
MTOW:
48,061 lb (21,800 kg)
(Diff: +14,991lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the Xian Y-7-100 production model)
2 x Dongan Wj-5A turboprop engines developing 2,400 horsepower driving 4-bladed propeller units.
Max Speed:
314 mph (505 kph; 273 kts)
Service Ceiling:
28,707 feet (8,750 m; 5.44 miles)
Max Range:
565 miles (910 km; 491 nm)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the Xian Y-7-100 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
None.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the Xian Y-7-100 production model)
Y-7 - Base Series Designation.
Y-14 - Original designation covering reverse-engineered Soviet An-26 / Y-7H production models.
Y-7E - Militarized variant of the original MA60 model; Chinese Air Force service.
Y-7H - Model of 1992; essentially reverse-engineered Soviet An-26 complete with rear loading ramp; Chinese Air Force service.
Y7H-500 - Y-7H civilian market variant of 1994.
Y-7-100 - Improved variant with modernized cockpit (Western avionics) and modified wingtips; enhanced passenger interior.
Y-7-100C1 - Revised operating equipment; 5-man crew.
Y-7-100C2 - Similar to 100C1 model; revised equipment.
Y-7-100C3 - Similar to 100C1 model; revised equipment.
Y-7-200 - Modernized avionics fit; lacking winglets at wing tips.
Y-7-200A - Pratt & Whitney PW127C series turboprop engines.
Y-7-200B - Local Chinese civilian market variant; powered by local WJ5A-1G turboprop engines; lengthened fuselage (by 29 inches).
HYJ-7 - Pilot/crew trainer to mimic controls and response of Xian H-6 strategic bombers serving the PLAAF and PLANAF; equipped with enhanced navigation and bombing assistance systems.
MA60 - Export-minded Y-7 for civilian marketplace with Western avionics.
JZY-01 - Experimental Y-7 serving AWACS testing for Xian KJ-600 aircraft.
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-