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McDonnell CF-101 Voodoo

All-Weather Dedicated Interceptor Aircraft

McDonnell CF-101 Voodoo

All-Weather Dedicated Interceptor Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
Overview



The Royal Canadian Air Force acquired 132 of the American McDonnell F-101 to operate as the CF-101 Voodoo.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Canada
YEAR: 1961
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): McDonnell Aircraft Corporation - USA
PRODUCTION: 132
OPERATORS: Canada
National flag of Canada
CAN
Technical Specifications



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the McDonnell CF-101 Voodoo model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 2
POWER: 2 x Pratt & Whitney J57-P-55 afterburning turbojet engines developing 12,000lb of thrust dry and 17,000lb thrust with reheat.
ADVERTISEMENTS
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Armament



Typical:
2 x AIM-4D "Falcon" air-to-air missiles.
2 x AIR-2A "Genie" nuclear rockets.
Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an air launched nuclear weapon
Variants / Models



• CF-101 "Voodoo" - Base Series designation; 132 procured through two batches of 66 aircraft each; twin-seat, all-weather design and functionality.
• CF-101F - Twin-seat, dual-control trainer form.
• EF-101B - Electronic Warfare (EW) aircraft.


History



Detailing the development and operational history of the McDonnell CF-101 Voodoo All-Weather Dedicated Interceptor Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 6/17/2019. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
For a time during the Cold War period (1947-1991), the supersonic, missile-armed interceptor was a mainstay of air powers of the West. Canada, lying within dangerous reach of the dreaded Soviet Union, was, with heavy support from the United States, charged with protecting this vast northern hemisphere airspace and this led to adoption of various aircraft designs to meet the demand. From 1961 until 1984, the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) utilized the CF-101 "Voodoo" in the critical interceptor role, the aircraft procured from the existing stock of F-101 models of the United States Air Force (USAF).

The original F-101 was conceived of as a single-seat, twin-engine, long-range "bomber escort" set to work in conjunction with equally-long-ranged American bomber types flying sorties against targets throughout the Soviet Union. The F-101 design was a further evolution of the experimental XF-88 "Voodoo" (detailed elsewhere on this site) and was eventually developed into a more complete fighter-bomber aircraft before it found even greater value as a reconnaissance platform (as the "RF-101").

First-flown in 1954 and formally introduced into USAF service in 1957, production of this high-speed, all-weather interceptor reached 807 units before the end. F-101s were in a frontline service role until 1972 while reconnaissance models soldiered on into 1979. Besting both were United States Air National Guard (ANG) forces operating Voodoos into 1982.

For its time in the air, the F-101 was not an outright success and proved itself more of a "bridge" design to the classic McDonnell F-4 "Phantom II" than anything else (indeed the Phantom II carried over traits of the Voodoo that made it an excellent multirole combat aircraft). The F-101 nonetheless remained a high-performance jet-powered solution with inherent capabilities suitable for the interception role.

In RCAF service, the F-101 was selected to directly succeed an aging line of homegrown, straight-winged, twin-engined Avro CF-100 "Canuck" interceptors (detailed elsewhere on this site), these aircraft dating back to 1952 and 692 arriving from the efforts of local Canadian industry. The Voodoo, receiving the local designation of "CF-101" in Canadian service, gave the RCAF a potent replacement offering impressive performance and the capability to carry the AIR-2A "Genie" nuclear-tipped unguided rocket weapon.




McDonnell CF-101 Voodoo (Cont'd)

All-Weather Dedicated Interceptor Aircraft

McDonnell CF-101 Voodoo (Cont'd)

All-Weather Dedicated Interceptor Aircraft



The need to succeed the CF-100 fleet was born largely out of the cancellation of the CF-105 "Arrow" (detailed elsewhere on this site), another interceptor offering of the Cold War period that was being championed by local industry and would have provided the RCAF with a Mach 2-capable twin-seat, twin-engine radar-equipped interceptor. The sleek aircraft saw considerable development work completed throughout the 1950s that resulted in five aircraft before project cancellation took the wind out of the project sails in a February of 1959 political decision. The move, in turn, held long-lasting, damaging effects on Canadian aero-industry that have been felt for decades since (it also led to the end of Avro as a major aeronautics player).

Against this backdrop, the proven F-101 was selected as the USAF looked to unload some 56 F-101B twin-seat interceptors along with ten F-101F twin-seat, dual-control trainers to its northern neighbor. The first pair of aircraft made it onto Canadian soil in July of 1961 and, in October of that year, the first RCAF squadron began regular, formal operations with the type under Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) status in an effort to thwart any inbound Soviet bomber threats. Some 56 of the original lot were then handed back to the USAF (with many being scrapped thereafter) for 66 low-hour airframes to keep the RCAF squadrons at strength.

Providing decades of faithful service, time and age ultimately worked against the CF-101 fleet and it was ultimately succeeded decided to replace these Voodoos by, yet-another, McDonnell product, this becoming the supersonic, twin-engined McDonnell Douglas "CF-18" (detailed elsewhere on this site). The CF-18 was nothing more than the American Navy's carrierborne F/A-18 "Hornet" multirole fighter to be operated by the RCAF from land bases.

During their time in RCAF service, the CF-101 line included just two notable variants: the "CF-101F" twin-seat, dual-control trainer and the "EF-101B", and Electronic Warfare (EW) platform (the "Electric Voodoo" as it were).

Its form, function, and capabilities were identical to their original F-101 brethren, having a twin-seat (tandem) arrangement for its two crew and carrying 2 x Pratt & Whitney J57-P-55 afterburning turbojet engines (12,000lb to 17,000lb thrust) in a side-by-side configuration. Speeds reached Mach 1.72 and range was out to 1,520 miles. Its service ceiling could reach 55,000 feet and rate-of-climb was 49,200 feet-per-minute.




Media







Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 1200mph
Lo: 600mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (1,134mph).

Graph average of 900 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
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  NYC
Graph showcases the McDonnell CF-101 Voodoo's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (132)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
132
132

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.


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