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Antonov An-28 (Cash)

Light Utility, Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Aircraft

Antonov An-28 (Cash)

Light Utility, Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Aircraft


Just under 200 examples of the Antonov An-28 STOL aircraft were built by the Soviet Union and Ukraine from 1975 until 1993.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Soviet Union
YEAR: 1986
STATUS: Active, Limited Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Antonov - Soviet Union / Ukraine
OPERATORS: Armenia; Djibouti; Estonia; Georgia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Moldova; Peru; Russia; Soviet Union (former); Suriname; Tajikistan; Tanzania

Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Antonov An-28 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
LENGTH: 42.59 feet (12.98 meters)
WIDTH: 72.18 feet (22 meters)
HEIGHT: 15.09 feet (4.6 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 8,818 pounds (4,000 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 13,448 pounds (6,100 kilograms)
ENGINE: 2 x Glushenkov TVD-10B OR2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada (PWC) PT6A-65B turboprop engines developing 960 horsepower each driving three-bladed propeller units.
SPEED (MAX): 221 miles-per-hour (355 kilometers-per-hour; 192 knots)
RANGE: 317 miles (510 kilometers; 275 nautical miles)
CEILING: 19,685 feet (6,000 meters; 3.73 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 2,360 feet-per-minute (719 meters-per-minute)


Series Model Variants
• An-14 - Base Series Designation
• An-14A
• An-14M - Prototype model designation
• An-28 - Utility model; three examples completed.
• An-28RM "Bryza" 1RM - Search and Rescue (SAR) and MEDEVAC platform.
• An-28TD "Bryza" 1TD - Dedicated transport model.
• An-28PT - Model of 1993; fitted with Pratt & Whitney Canada turboprop engines.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Antonov An-28 (Cash) Light Utility, Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 8/29/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©
The Antonov An-28 (NATO Codename of "Cash") was born from the Cold War period (1947-1991) in Ukraine as a high-winged, twin-engine, turbo-prop-powered utility aircraft. The series was a further evolution of the earlier An-14 line and a first-flight in prototype form occurred in September of 1969 (though service introduction stalled until 1986). Production of the series spanned from 1975 until 1993 to which 191 examples were completed and the An-28 went on to form the basis of the similar An-38 regional turboprop airliner of 2000.

The high-winged nature of the aircraft (and others like it) promoted inherently strong lifting properties and excellent control at low-and-slow speeds. The main wing members were braced at their span to the lower sides of the fuselage and the overall configuration aided in Short-Take-Off-and-Landing (STOL) actions while the general ruggedness of the airframe and undercarriage allowed for some level of rough-field operation. The general appearance of the fuselage was slab-sided with windowed sides and a lightly framed cockpit section. The tail unit was raised to allow for better ground access to the cargo section of the aircraft. The tail unit utilized a twin-rudder/fin arrangement carried over from the An-14. The undercarriage consisted of a wheeled tricycle arrangement that remained fixed in flight - negating the need for any complex and expensive retractable system.

The original designation for the product was "An-14A" as it served as an extension of that line. It emerged in prototype form as the "An-14M" and evolved into the production-quality "An-28" - but only three of this mark were completed.

The An-28 could be operated with a crew of one or two and carry up to eighteen passengers in some comfort. The cabin could also be rearranged to carry cargo. Overall length of the aircraft reached 42.57 feet with a wingspan measuring 72.18 feet and a height of 15.08 feet. Empty weight was 8,600lb against an MTOW of 13,450lb. Power was from 2 x Glushenkov TVD-10B turboprop engines of 960 horsepower each. These were used to drive three-bladed propeller units. Performance of the model included a maximum speed of 220 miles per hour, a range out to 320 miles and a service ceiling of 19,700 feet. Rate-of-climb was 2,360 feet-per-minute.

The An-28RM "Bryza" 1RM was a modified air-ambulance / Search And Rescue (SAR) platform and the An-28TD "Bryza" 1TD was evolved as a general transport model. The An-28PT of 1993 was equipped with 2 x Pratt & Whitney turboprop engines instead of the original Soviet fits. A first-flight of this mark was recorded on July 22nd, 1993.

Despite its modest production total, the An-28 went on to see global service in both civilian and military marketplaces (though some carriers have since given up on the line due to age). Current (2018) civilian operators include Armenia, Russia and Tajikistan. Current military operators involve Georgia and Tanzania.


General Assessment

Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
MF Power Rating
The MF Power Rating takes into account over sixty individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of 100 total possible points.
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 300mph
Lo: 150mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (221mph).

Graph average of 225 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
Graph showcases the Antonov An-28's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production (191)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.

Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
Ground Attack
Aerial Tanker
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue
Commitments / Honors
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

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