×
Military Pay Scale Military Ranks Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines
HOME
AVIATION / AEROSPACE
MODERN AIR FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
MODERN AIRCRAFT

ENAER T-35 Pillan (Volcano)


Two-Seat Basic Trainer Aircraft


Aviation / Aerospace

1 / 1
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Over 150 ENAER T-35 Pillan basic trainers were completed for service with eight different operators including the Chilean and Spanish air forces.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 5/13/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
For much of its existence, the Chilean Air Force has been hugely dependent upon foreign design types to stock its active flying inventory and this included a modest fleet of basic trainers. Pressed by a 1976 U.S. arms embargo, the country called on Piper Aircraft for assistance in design and development of a new trainer aircraft. A first-flight of this machine was had (in prototype form) on March 6th, 1981. From this arrived the ENAER T-35 "Pillan" ("Volcano") in 154 examples, mostly assembled locally in Chile. Production spanned from late-1984 into 1991.

Piper completed two flyable prototypes as "XBT" and "YBT" under the "PA-28R-300" company designation (XBT was later lost in a crash in Chile). The initial production form became the "T-35A" and this entered service with the Chilean Air Force during August of 1985. The design was very conventional, seating the student and instructor in tandem under a large, side-hinged canopy. The engine was fitted to the nose in the usual way and the tail was given a single fin with low-mounted horizontal planes. The wing mainplanes were low-mounted along the fuselage sides and fitted just ahead of midships. The tricycle undercarriage was retractable.

Dimensions included a length of 26 feet, a wingspan of 28.9 feet and a height of 7.7 feet. Empty weight was 1,835lb against an MTOW of 2,900lb. Power from the Avco Lycoming AEIO-540-K1K5 6-cylinder, air-cooled engine reached 300 horsepower. Maximum speed was 195 miles per hour with cruising at 165 mph. Its range was out to 750 miles with a reported service ceiling of 19,000 feet and rate-of-climb of 1,525 feet-per-minute.

While the T-35A designation served to cover the primary flight training models, the "T-35B" arrived as an instrument training platform. The "T-35C" became a primary trainer form that was delivered to Spain (final local assembly by CASA) for use by the Spanish Air Force and known locally as the E.26 "Tamiz". The "T-35D" was a similar model but shipped to both Panama and Paraguay. The "T-35DT" arrived as a turboprop-powered form fitting the Allison 250-B17D series engine of 420 horsepower. It was originally known as the "T-35XT".

The "T-35S" became an aerobatic high-performance model seating just one crew and the T-35T "Aucan" was an improved turboprop model.

The "Pillan 2000" was a modernized form of the original T-35.

The complete list of operators became Chile, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama, Paraguay and Spain. All of these powers continue to operate the aircraft in varying numbers with Spain the largest (35 examples) as of 2017. The Chilean Air Force relies on some nineteen T-35 trainers today (2017).



May 2020 - The Chilean Air Force seeks to upgrade its aging fleet of Pillan trainers. ENAER has proposed the work which would cover some 40 existing airframes producing the modernized "Pillan II" designation.

Specifications



Year:
1985
Status
Active, In-Service
Crew
2
Production
154 Units
Piper Aircraft - USA / ENAER - Chile
National flag of Chile National flag of Dominican Republic National flag of Ecuador National flag of El Salvador National flag of Guatemala National flag of Panama National flag of Paraguay National flag of Spain Chile; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Panama; Paraguay; Spain
- Training
Length:
26.15 ft (7.97 m)
Width:
28.87 ft (8.8 m)
Height:
7.71 ft (2.35 m)
Empty Weight:
1,841 lb (835 kg)
MTOW:
2,899 lb (1,315 kg)
(Diff: +1,058lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the ENAER T-35 production model)
1 x Avco Lycoming AEIO-540-K1K5 6-cylinder air-cooled piston engine developing 300 horsepower.
Max Speed:
193 mph (310 kph; 167 kts)
Service Ceiling:
19,094 feet (5,820 m; 3.62 miles)
Max Range:
749 miles (1,205 km; 651 nm)
Rate-of-Climb:
1,525 ft/min (465 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the ENAER T-35 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
None.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the ENAER T-35 production model)
Pier PA-28R-300 - Piper Aircraft company designation
XBT - Original Piper prototype
YBT - Secondary Piper prototype
T-35A "Pillan" - Initial production model; basic flight trainer for Chile.
T-35B - Instrument trainer for Chile.
T-35C - Basic flight trainer for Spain.
T-35D - Basic flight trainer for Panama and Paraguay.
T-35DT (T-35XT) - Fitted with Allison 250-B17D turboprop engine.
T-35S - Aerobatic, single-seat model.
T-35T "Aucan" - Improved model with turboprop engine.
"Pillan 2000" - Modernized T-35 aircraft.
"Pillan II" - Proposed, modernized Pillan I series aircraft.
Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental x-plane aircraft
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-