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STC Orlan-10

Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)

The STC Orlan-10 is a known participant of the fighting in Ukraine - as at least one example was downed by Ukrainian forces in May of 2014.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/15/2018
The Russian defense industry has recovered nicely from its dark ages following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The country has made considerable headway in the field of 5th Generation Fighters, advanced bomber concepts, infantry small arms, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Its ongoing war with neighboring Ukraine has given Russia an active battlefield for which to test its various new developments - case-in-point being the STC Orlan-10, an Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance-minded (ISR) UAV which is known to have been used in the War in Donbass.

The Orland-10 operates through the A-95 series gasoline-fueled engine. it is launched by way of catapult (rail) and retrieved through a simply parachute delivery operation. The aircraft can reach speeds nearing 150 kph and can remain airborne for up to 16 hours, delivering data in real-time to operators on the ground out to ranges of 600 kilometers. The system operates at an altitude of about 5,000 meters. Its take-off weight is 15 kilograms and the aircraft can carry a payload of sensors and optics weighing 6 kilograms.

Its outward design is conventional as fixed-wing UAVs go. The fuselage makes up its length with the motor fitted to the nose section driving a two-bladed propeller unit. The wing mainplanes are shoulder-mounted over the fuselage ahead of midships. The tail unit incorporates a simple single-finned arrangement with two low-mounted horizontal planes. Since the drone is rail-launched and parachute-recovered, no complex undercarriage is needed in its operation. The aircraft is transported in a hard case and assembled prior to launching. This involves connecting main and tail planes to the fuselage and adjusting any payload options. The catapult rail system also requires some light assembly.

As stated, the Orlan-10 series has been actively used in the fighting in Donbass between Russian elements and Ukrainian Army forces. Several have been claimed downed by Ukrainian forces since its use in the region began in - or around - 2014.

Program Updates

October 2018 - Ukrainian forces have claimed the downing of a Russian Orlan-10 UAV by a Ukrainian Mil Mi-24 attack helicopter over the Donbas region near Lysychansk. This was reported on October 15th, 2018.


Active, In-Service
[ 1,000 Units ] :
Special Technological Centre - Russia
National flag of Russia Russia
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Unmanned
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model)
Empty Weight:
20 lb (9 kg)
33 lb (15 kg)
(Diff: +13lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model)
1 x A-95 gasoline-fueled engine driving a two-bladed engine in the nose.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the STC Orlan-10 production model)
Maximum Speed:
93 mph (150 kph; 81 kts)
Service Ceiling:
16,404 feet (5,000 m; 3.11 miles)
Maximum Range:
93 miles (150 km; 81 nm)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
None. Mission payload consists of sensors and camera equipment.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model)
Orlan-10 - Base Series Designation

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