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STC Orlan-10


Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance (ISR) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)


Aviation / Aerospace

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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.
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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.
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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.
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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.
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Image from the Russian Ministry of Defense.

The STC Orlan-10 is a known participant of the fighting in Ukraine - as at least one example was downed by Ukrainian forces in May of 2014.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/15/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Russian defense industry has recovered nicely from its dark ages following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The country has made considerable headway in the field of 5th Generation Fighters, advanced bomber concepts, infantry small arms, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Its ongoing war with neighboring Ukraine has given Russia an active battlefield for which to test its various new developments - case-in-point being the STC Orlan-10, an Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance-minded (ISR) UAV which is known to have been used in the War in Donbass.

The Orland-10 operates through the A-95 series gasoline-fueled engine. it is launched by way of catapult (rail) and retrieved through a simply parachute delivery operation. The aircraft can reach speeds nearing 150 kph and can remain airborne for up to 16 hours, delivering data in real-time to operators on the ground out to ranges of 600 kilometers. The system operates at an altitude of about 5,000 meters. Its take-off weight is 15 kilograms and the aircraft can carry a payload of sensors and optics weighing 6 kilograms.

Its outward design is conventional as fixed-wing UAVs go. The fuselage makes up its length with the motor fitted to the nose section driving a two-bladed propeller unit. The wing mainplanes are shoulder-mounted over the fuselage ahead of midships. The tail unit incorporates a simple single-finned arrangement with two low-mounted horizontal planes. Since the drone is rail-launched and parachute-recovered, no complex undercarriage is needed in its operation. The aircraft is transported in a hard case and assembled prior to launching. This involves connecting main and tail planes to the fuselage and adjusting any payload options. The catapult rail system also requires some light assembly.

As stated, the Orlan-10 series has been actively used in the fighting in Donbass between Russian elements and Ukrainian Army forces. Several have been claimed downed by Ukrainian forces since its use in the region began in - or around - 2014.



October 2018 - Ukrainian forces have claimed the downing of a Russian Orlan-10 UAV by a Ukrainian Mil Mi-24 attack helicopter over the Donbas region near Lysychansk. This was reported on October 15th, 2018.

Specifications



Year:
2014
Status
Active, In-Service
Crew
0
Production
1,000 Units
Special Technological Centre - Russia
National flag of Russia Russia
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
- Unmanned
Empty Weight:
20 lb (9 kg)
MTOW:
33 lb (15 kg)
(Diff: +13lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model)
1 x A-95 gasoline-fueled engine driving a two-bladed engine in the nose.
Max Speed:
93 mph (150 kph; 81 kts)
Service Ceiling:
16,404 feet (5,000 m; 3.11 miles)
Max Range:
93 miles (150 km; 81 nm)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
None. Mission payload consists of sensors and camera equipment.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model)
Orlan-10 - Base Series Designation
General Assessment
Firepower  
Performance  
Survivability  
Versatility  
Impact  


Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
Overall Rating
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of a possible 100.
20
Relative Maximum Speed
Hi: 100mph
Lo: 50mph
This entry's maximum listed speed (93mph).

Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
STC Orlan-10 operational range when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Span
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
Unit Production (1,000)
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
1000
1000

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Max Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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