The Russian defense industry has recovered nicely from its dark ages following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The country has made considerable headway in the field of 5th Generation Fighters, advanced bomber concepts, infantry small arms, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Its ongoing war with neighboring Ukraine has given Russia an active battlefield for which to test its various new developments - case-in-point being the STC Orlan-10, an Intelligence-Surveillance-Reconnaissance-minded (ISR) UAV which is known to have been used in the War in Donbass.
The Orland-10 operates through the A-95 series gasoline-fueled engine. it is launched by way of catapult (rail) and retrieved through a simply parachute delivery operation. The aircraft can reach speeds nearing 150 kph and can remain airborne for up to 16 hours, delivering data in real-time to operators on the ground out to ranges of 600 kilometers. The system operates at an altitude of about 5,000 meters. Its take-off weight is 15 kilograms and the aircraft can carry a payload of sensors and optics weighing 6 kilograms.
Its outward design is conventional as fixed-wing UAVs go. The fuselage makes up its length with the motor fitted to the nose section driving a two-bladed propeller unit. The wing mainplanes are shoulder-mounted over the fuselage ahead of midships. The tail unit incorporates a simple single-finned arrangement with two low-mounted horizontal planes. Since the drone is rail-launched and parachute-recovered, no complex undercarriage is needed in its operation. The aircraft is transported in a hard case and assembled prior to launching. This involves connecting main and tail planes to the fuselage and adjusting any payload options. The catapult rail system also requires some light assembly.
As stated, the Orlan-10 series has been actively used in the fighting in Donbass between Russian elements and Ukrainian Army forces. Several have been claimed downed by Ukrainian forces since its use in the region began in - or around - 2014.
October 2018 - Ukrainian forces have claimed the downing of a Russian Orlan-10 UAV by a Ukrainian Mil Mi-24 attack helicopter over the Donbas region near Lysychansk. This was reported on October 15th, 2018.
Status Active, In-Service
Production 1,000 Units
Special Technological Centre - Russia
- Reconnaissance (RECCE)
20 lb (9 kg)
33 lb (15 kg)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model)
1 x A-95 gasoline-fueled engine driving a two-bladed engine in the nose.
93 mph (150 kph; 81 kts)
16,404 feet (5,000 m; 3.11 miles)
93 miles (150 km; 81 nm)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
None. Mission payload consists of sensors and camera equipment.
(Showcased armament details pertain to the STC Orlan-10 production model)
Orlan-10 - Base Series Designation
Values are derrived from a variety of categories related to the design, overall function, and historical influence of this aircraft in aviation history.
The overall rating takes into account over 60 individual factors related to this aircraft entry. The rating is out of a possible 100.
Relative Maximum Speed
This entry's maximum listed speed (93mph).
Graph average of 75 miles-per-hour.
STC Orlan-10 operational range when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era Span
Showcasing era cross-over of this aircraft design.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.