Home Aircraft / Aviation Naval Warfare Land Systems Small Arms

TEMCO TT-1 Pinto

Two-Seat Jet-Powered Basic Jet Trainer

The TEMCO TT-1 Pinto proved itself a short-lived jet-powered trainer experiment for the United States Navy.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 8/7/2018
When the United States Air Force (USAF) was looking for a new basic trainer, Temco Aircraft returned with their jet-powered Model 51, a straight-winged, single-engined development seating its crew of two in tandem under a large canopy. As the primary trainer stood as the stepping point between classroom instruction and advanced jet trainers for combat aircraft, the Model 51 was deliberately designed with combat fighter-like qualities including a turbojet engine (as opposed to the traditional prop seeing in basic trainer types), retractable tricycle undercarriage and ejection seats. Despite this effort, the service went with the competing Cessna T-37 "Tweet" series and this left just fifteen Model 51 aircraft, known officially as the TT "Pinto", built. After a first-flight on march 26th, 1956 and introduction occurring in 1959, the series was out of service as soon as 1961.

The TT was powered by the Continental Motors (Teledyne) YJ69-T-9 turbojet engine which was buried within the aft fuselage an aspirated by small, half-moon intakes along the sides of the fuselage. This powerplant was a license-built engine of French origin better known globally as the Turbomeca "Marbore" which powered similar aircraft types such as the Fouga Magister and Hispano HA-200. The installation produced 920lb of thrust that allowed the aircraft to reach speeds of 345 miles per hour and cruise at 250 mph. The aircraft's service ceiling reached 30,000 feet (requiring a pressurized cockpit and oxygen for the two crew) and rate-of-climb was 1,900 feet-per-minute.

From 1959 on, the TT was used by the Air Training Command of Pensacola, Florida but did not warrant pursuit as a standardized jet-powered basic trainer. This led to their rather short service lives which ended under the banner of the Naval Air Training Command of the United States Navy (USN). A 1968 initiative by American Jet Industries (AJI) attempted to revive the design with a General Electric CJ610-6 turbojet (2,850lb thrust) as the T-610 "Super Pinto" for service as a light-attack platform. Only the Philippine Air Force showed interest in the reimagined aircraft and planned for its local production. However, only a prototype of this model existed before its official end arrived.

One Pinto example is on display at the excellent National Naval Aviation Museum in Pensacola, Florida.


Retired, Out-of-Service
[ 15 Units ] :
Texas Engineering and Manufacturing Company (TEMCO) - USA
National flag of Philippines National flag of United States Philippines (cancelled); United States (cancelled))
- Training
30.61 ft (9.33 m)
29.86 ft (9.1 m)
10.83 ft (3.3 m)
(Showcased structural dimension values pertain to the TEMCO TT-1 Pinto production model)
Empty Weight:
2,646 lb (1,200 kg)
4,453 lb (2,020 kg)
(Diff: +1,808lb)
(Showcased weight values pertain to the TEMCO TT-1 Pinto production model)
1 x Teledyne CAE YJ69-T-9 turbojet engine developing 920 lb of thrust.
(Showcased powerplant information pertains to the TEMCO TT-1 Pinto production model)
Maximum Speed:
519 mph (835 kph; 451 kts)
Service Ceiling:
30,003 feet (9,145 m; 5.68 miles)
Maximum Range:
186 miles (300 km; 162 nm)
1,900 ft/min (579 m/min)
(Showcased performance values pertain to the TEMCO TT-1 Pinto production model; Compare this aircraft entry against any other in our database)
(Showcased armament details pertain to the TEMCO TT-1 Pinto production model)
TT "Pinto" - Base Series Name
Model 51 - TEMCO company model designation; prototype configuration.
TT-1 - Fourteen production models for USN service.
T-610 "Super Pinto" - Proposed variant of 1968 with GE CJ610-6 series turbojet engine of 2,850 lb thrust output.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes AnvilOfWar.com, GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-