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Canadair CF-104 Starfighter

Canada (1962)
Picture of Canadair CF-104 Starfighter Single-Seat Jet-Powered Interceptor / Fighter Aircraft

Following the introduction of the American Lockheed F-104 Starfighter came the Canadian equivalent as the CF-104.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Canadair CF-104 Starfighter Single-Seat Jet-Powered Interceptor / Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 5/22/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Canadair took to producing several American-originated aircraft during the Cold War decades that included the famous Lockheed T-33 "Shooting Star" two-seat trainer (as the CT-133 "Silver Star") and the North American F-86 "Sabre" (as the CF-13 "Sabre"). To replace the latter in the frontline fighter role, it was, again, decided to adopt an American product through local licensed production - this being the Lockheed F-104 "Starfighter". The F-104 became the CF-104 Starfighter in the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) with production out of Canadair of Montreal.

The original F-104 first flew in March of 1954 and was introduced into USAF service during 1958. The Canadair version followed with a first flight on May 26th, 1961 with service entry beginning in March of 1962. Some 200 of the type were built in all and these served until their replacement came during 1983 in the form of the all-modern McDonnell Douglas CF-18 "Hornet", the Canadian version of the American U.S. Navy's F-18 "Hornet" carrier-based fighter line.

Initially, the Canadian fighter replacement program involved a bevy of existing competitors originating from Britain, France, and the United States - the Lockheed F-104G model being one of them. With Lockheed's ongoing relationship with local Canadian aviation industry by way of Canadair and its CT-133 product, the Lockheed submission edged out the competing submissions. The RCAF then contracted Canadair for 200 of the type in August of 1959 with the initial designation being "CF-111" until becoming the more recognizable "CF-104" identifier.

By and large, the Canadian version of the Starfighter differed little from its American F-104G model counterpart. The aircraft first appeared sans the standard 20mm internal cannon to make for more internal fuel volume in the fuselage and, therefore, extend operational ranges of the aircraft. The undercarriage was slightly revised to suit certain RCAF requirements and an inherent reconnaissance and nuclear strike capability was added. The aircraft could carry air-to-air missiles, rocket pods, and conventional drop bombs as needed including nuclear-tipped ordnance options.

The CF-104 was ordered by the RCAF in two distinct production forms - the base CF-104 was the standard single-seat fighter/fighter-bomber variant while the CF-104D followed as a two-seat trainer. D-models retained the performance numbers of their single-seat cousins, seated two in tandem, and were only ever armed with practice munitions. Due to similarities in the Canadair and Lockheed assembly lines, Lockheed was to receive an additional stock of 140 F-104G model aircraft from Montreal beyond the 200 airframes reserved for the RCAF- such were the similarities between the two aircraft.
Externally, the aircraft retained the same design lines of the F-104G models including their tubular, sleek fuselages, short wing mainplanes, and T-style tail unit. The wings were always of considerable interest to onlookers for they were purposely designed as thin with small-an-area as possible so as to reduce drag at high speeds. While this helped the aircraft achieve its amazing performance for the time, it also forced fuel stores to reside within the body of the aircraft alongside avionics, systems, and the like. A single Avro Canada Orenda J79-OEL-7 afterburning turbojet engine powered the type - so a flameout meant that the pilot had no choice to eject and the aircraft was more or less a total loss beyond that. The engine outputted at 10,000lbf on dry thrust and up to 15,800lbf thrust using afterburner.

Once in practice, the aircraft was quickly arranged for the interception role. As a country, the RCAF had to manage a vast airspace locally as well as support ongoing commitments to NORAD and the United States in North America while also continuing its participation with NATO in Europe. The enemy of the day remained the Soviet Union and incursions into North American and European airspace were commonplace throughout the Cold War years. As such, the high, straight line speed and fast rate-of-climb of the CF-104 played well to the strengths of interception - the aircraft could manage speeds reaching 1,145 miles per hour with a 48,000 feet-per-second rate-of-climb. However, the CF-104 initially proved a handful to fly for Canadian airmen as accidents dotting the career of this memorable aircraft with some resulting in deaths during over a quarter century of use by the RCAF. The operating speeds of the aircraft were also a strongpoint along with its relatively contained profile at any approach angle. The 20mm cannon was eventually added back into the CF-104 design when its nuclear-strike role days were behind it.

Operators of CF-104s beyond Canada became Denmark and Norway. The Turkish Air Force received a stock of ex-RCAF aircraft before the end. All RCAF CF-104s were retired and replaced by the CF-18 Hornet line during the 1980s. Turkish use of the CF-104 ended as recently as 1995.




General Assessment (BETA)
Firepower  
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Performance  
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Survivability  
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Versatility  
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Impact  
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Rating: 64 (of 100)
The rating is an internal assessment derived from forty factors pertaining to this entry.
Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 1200mph
Lo: 600mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (1,146mph).

    Graph average of 900 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Canadair CF-104 Starfighter's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
200
200


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: Canada
Year: 1962
Type: Single-Seat Jet-Powered Interceptor / Fighter Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Canadair - Canada
Production: 200
Status: Retired, Out-of-Service
Global Operators:
Canada; Denmark; Norway; Turkey
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Canadair CF-104 Starfighter model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
54.79 ft


Meters
16.7 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
21.75 ft


Meters
6.63 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
13.45 ft


Meters
4.1 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
13,889 lb


Kilograms
6,300 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
29,035 lb


Kilograms
13,170 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
1 x Avro Canada Orenda J79-OEL-7 turbojet engine with afterburner developing 15,800lbf of thrust.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
1,146 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
1,845 kph


Knots
996 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
1,634 mi


Kilometers
2,630 km


Nautical Miles
1,420 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
39,370 ft


Meters
12,000 m


Miles
7.46 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
48,000 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
14,630 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of an aircraft Gatling-style rotating gun
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft rocket pod
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (5):

STANDARD:
1 x 20mm M61A1 Vulcan internal Gatling-style cannon (omitted in early use).

OPTIONAL:
Up to 4,000lbs of stores to include:

AIM-9 Sidewinder short-range air-to-air missiles
Rocket Pods
Conventional Drop Bombs
Variants: Series Model Variants
• CF-104 - Base series designation; initial production RCAF single-seat fighter/interceptor/fighter-bomber form.
• CF-104D - Two-seat trainer for RCAF