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Bombardier Dash 8 (DHC-8 / Q-Series)

Canada (1984)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Bombardier Dash 8 (DHC-8 / Q-Series) Turboprop Passenger Airliner / Cargo Hauling Aircraft.

 Entry last updated on 3/13/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com



  Bombardier Dash 8 (DHC-8 / Q-Series)  
Picture of Bombardier Dash 8 (DHC-8 / Q-Series) Turboprop Passenger Airliner / Cargo Hauling Aircraft
Picture of Bombardier Dash 8 (DHC-8 / Q-Series) Turboprop Passenger Airliner / Cargo Hauling Aircraft


The high-wing, twin-engine Bombardier Dash 8 was introduced in 1984 and is still flying strong today through the Q400 series.

The twin-engine Bombardier "Dash 8" (Q-Series) was developed by de Havilland Canada (DHC) as an extension of the previous four-engine "Dash 7" series. The Dash 7, itself, originated in the 1970s (from the DHC-6 "Twin Otter") to fulfill a presumed market need for a regional passenger airliner with inherently excellent short-field performance, giving it access to many city-based airports around the world. However, there proved little market need for such a specialized product so the company then focused on the strengths of the Dash 7 (namely economy, low noise, low fuel consumption) and adopted it to what would become an all-new design in the twin-engined Dash 8 (DHC-8).

Work began in the late-1970s and transitioned into the early-1980s, involving Pratt & Whitney Canada supplying an equally all-new engine fit, the "PW120" turboprop. A first-flight, by way of prototype, occurred on June 20th, 1983 and the series was introduced in 1984 through launch customer NorOntair. Since then, Dash 8 production has been ongoing and total units has exceeded 1,225 aircraft.

NOTE: The aircraft is now marketed / produced under the Bombardier brand label after Bombardier's acquisition of de Havilland Canada in 1992.

The Dash 8 design relies on a basic planform made up of a slim, tubular fuselage with the flight deck overlooking the nose and a T-style wing arrangement at the tail. The key to short-field operations is the high-mounted wings (which provide good lift and drag) and excellent range stems from the use of turboprop engines. Each wing features an underslung Pratt & Whitney Canada turboprop driving a multi-blade propeller unit. The nacelles also house the main landing gear legs while a short leg is positioned under the nose for ground-running. While the early Dash 8 marks featured a conventional, "steam-gauge" style cockpit, the more modern iterations, namely the Q400 series, sports a sleek, all-glass digital cockpit instrument panel. Two pilots are seated in a side-by-side arrangement.

The Dash family of aircraft is divided into four distinct models led by the Series 100 (Q100). This encompasses the original DHC-8-100 passenger hauler of 1984 as well as the DHC-8-101, DHC-8-102/-102A, DHC-8-103 and the DHC-8-106 (each differing in engine installations). The DHC-8M-100 became a maritime surveillance platform and the Canadian military versions were the CC-142 and CT-142. The E-9A "Widget" was a USAF range control model equipped with radar. The Series 100 saw production reach 299 units.
The Series 200 (Q200) introduced the PWC PW123 engine for better overall performance and included the DHC-8-201, DHC-8-202 and Q200 models. The Series 200 saw production reach 105 units.

The Series 300 (Q300) was given a longer fuselage and carried PW123, PW123B or PW123E engines and encompassed the DHC-8-301, DHC-8-311, the DHC-8-314 and the DHC-8-315. The DHC-8-300A was the DHC-8-300 with an increased to its payload rating. The DHC-8-300 MSA was developed as a maritime surveillance model and the RO-6A was a US Army reconnaissance variant based on the DHC-8-315 (PW123E engines). The Q300 marked DHC-8-300 aircraft with ANVS. The Series 300 saw production reach 267 units.

The more modern Dash 8 offering is the Series DHC-8-400 / Series 400 (Q400). These are mainly passenger haulers and include the DHC-8-400, DHC-8-401 and DHC-8-402. The DHC-8 MPA-D8 is a maritime patrol model and the DHC-8-402PF is a cargo-mover. The Q400 marked an improved form with lengthened fuselage and the Q400NextGen is, itself, an improvement of the line. The Q400-MR is used in the fire-fighting role and the Q400CC is a combination hauler, convertible for the passenger or cargo hauling roles as needed by the customer.

The series can be internally configured for 50, 74, 82 or 90 passengers in a single-aisle arrangement.

By number, the Series 400 is the most successful of the family line with production having reached 554 units with dozens more on order (2017).

March 2018 - On March 12th, 2018, a Bombardier Series Q400 aircraft crashed at the Kathmandu Tribhuvan International Airport in Nepal. Multiple fatalities were reported of the 67 passengers and four crew (some twenty have been rescued so far).
Bombardier Dash 8 Series 100 Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Canada
Year: 1984
Status: Active, In-Service
Type: Turboprop Passenger Airliner / Cargo Hauling Aircraft
Manufacturer(s): Bombardier Aerospace / de Havilland - Canada
Production: 1,150
Supported Mission Types
Air-to-Air
Interception
Unmanned
Ground Attack
Close-Air Support
Training
Anti-Submarine
Anti-Ship
Airborne Early Warning
MEDEVAC
Electronic Warfare
Maritime/Navy
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
Passenger Industry
VIP Travel
Business Travel
Search/Rescue
Recon/Scouting
Special Forces
X-Plane/Development
Structural
Crew: 2
Length: 73.00 ft (22.25 m)
Width: 84.94 ft (25.89 m)
Height: 24.61 ft (7.50 m)
Empty Weight: 23,126 lb (10,490 kg)
MTOW: 36,376 lb (16,500 kg)


Installed Power
2 x Pratt & Whitney PW120A/PW121 turboprop engines developing 2,000 horsepower each.

Standard Day Performance
Maximum Speed: 317 mph (510 kph; 275 kts)
Maximum Range: 1,181 mi (1,900 km; 1,026 nm)
Service Ceiling: 25,000 ft (7,620 m; 4.73 mi)


Armament
None.

Operators List
Canada; Ethiopia; Ivory Coast; Latvia; Luxembourg; Nigeria; Poland; Rwanda; Thailand; United Arab Emirates; United States

Series Model Variants
• Dash 8 (DHC-8) - Base Series Designation
• Series Q100 - Original model of 1984; PW120A engines.
• CC-142 - Canadian military transport
• CT-142 - Canadian military navigational trainer
• E-9A "Widget" - USAF range control platform with AN/APS-143(V)-1 radar system installed.
• Series Q200 - PW123 engines fitted
• Series Q300 - Lengthened fuselage; PW123, PW123B or PW123E engines fitted; ANVS system.
• RO-6A - US Army DHC-8-315 for reconnaissance role.
• Series Q400 - Lengthened fuselage; model of 2000; PW150A engines fitted.
• Q400CC - Combination passenger/cargo hauler.


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