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HAL AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft)

India (2030)
Picture of HAL AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft) 5th Generation Fighter Concept

The Indian Air Force and Navy are studying the feasibility of an indigenously-designed Fifth Generation Fighter concept through the AMCA.


Detailing the development and operational history of the HAL AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft) 5th Generation Fighter Concept.  Entry last updated on 10/24/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

India plans to join other military powers - namely the United States, Russia, and (possibly) China - as operators of the only Fifth Generation Fighters in the world. The program is the "Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft" (AMCA) and its finalized form was unveiled during Aero India 2013. As with other 5th Gen types in-the-works (the Sukhoi PAK-FA T-50) or already in existence (the Lockheed F-22 Lightning II), the AMCA will feature a twin-engine, single-seat layout with a diamond-shaped planform and an internal weapons bay. Stealth features will be inherent. The aircraft will be of the "multirole" requirement allowing it to tackle both air-to-air and air-to-ground operations with equal lethality. Much of the work and material will be devised and arranged in India to promote less reliance on outside help. The AMCA represents a chance to secure an indigenous Indian 5th Gen mount - unlike the joint HAL-Sukhoi initiative that is set to produce the "FGFA" aircraft detailed elsewhere on this site. This multi-role fighter is expected as a two-seat derivative of the in-development Russian Sukhoi T-50.

Indian aero-industry further hopes to secure several related developments that will play a vital role in seeing the AMCA come to fruition. These include indigenous fly-by-wire with triple redundancy and digital flight assistance, advanced cockpit displays, and advanced radar-defeating/reducing components and structures. Of course a powerful AESA radar (Active, Electronically-Scanned Array) will feature prominently into the design plans - the new standard in multirole aircraft radar systems.

The last iteration of the AMCA sees a design not unlike the F-22 with a faceted shape making up the fuselage. The single-seat cockpit will seat behind a short nose cone assembly with angled, rectangular intakes fitted to either side and aft of the cockpit position. These openings will aspirate the twin turbofan engine arrangement found at the extreme aft section of the aircraft, arranged in a side-by-side formation. The main wingplanes will be set a midships and aft while being completed in a symmetrical trapezoidal form. The horizontal tailplanes will be featured directly aft of the mainplanes. The aircraft will make use of a twin vertical tail fin configuration. Its weapons bay will be installed at the airframe's center mass, slightly ahead of midships. It is not out of scope to assume that the AMCA will also hold provision for mounting external ordnance to expand its mission roles - though at the expense of some stealth coverage.
Power is expected from 2 x GTRE GTX-35VS "Kaveri" NG turbofans with vectored nozzles for extreme agility. Total output thrust is rated at 12,130lbs each on dry and 20,230lbs of thrust with afterburner engaged. The engine is currently in development and under the direction of the Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE).

Development of the AMCA is to reach into 2018 which, at that point, a flyable prototype may become ready. Development will undoubtedly be long and arduous for the growing Indian aero-industry meaning that operational service of the aircraft would not begin until sometime around 2025 or even later. The end-product would go on to serve both the Indian Air Force and Navy. Some delays in the program have already been noted primarily due to the protracted development of the "Light Combat Aircraft" (LCA) program - this having produced the HAL "Tejas" fighter.

In February of 2015 it was announced that the AMCA team had finalized the AMCA's design. Its weight is expected to be between 45,000 lb and 55,000 lb. A twin-engine configuration is expected utilizing General Electric powerplants (possible a modified F414 series) of at least 24,700 lb thrust each. The cost of development is now estimated at $3.2 billion USD though it has not gained government approval to this point.

March 2017 - The external design of the AMCA has been finalized to include a twin tail, twin engine configuration. All other aspects are typical of 5th Generation fighter types like the Lockheed F-22 Raptor. A first-flight is scheduled for sometime in 2024 with service introduction planned for around 2030.






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

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Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 1400mph
Lo: 700mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (1,370mph).

    Graph average of 1050 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the HAL AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft)'s operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


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Origin: India
Year: 2030
Type: 5th Generation Fighter Concept
Manufacturer(s): Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) - India
Production: 0
Status: In-Development
Global Operators:
India (proposed)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the HAL AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft) model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
1


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
43.31 ft


Meters
13.2 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
26.90 ft


Meters
8.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
14.44 ft


Meters
4.4 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
50,045 lb


Kilograms
22,700 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
79,366 lb


Kilograms
36,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
(Possible): 2 x GTRE GTX 35 V Kaveri NG turbofan engines developing 20,230 lb of thrust each with afterburner.

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
1,370 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
2,205 kph


Knots
1,191 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
621 mi


Kilometers
1,000 km


Nautical Miles
540 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
50,033 ft


Meters
15,250 m


Miles
9.48 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
45,000 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
13,716 m/min

Armament - Hardpoints (0):

None stated. Presumed internal 20mm cannon as standard. Presumed weapons bays for air-to-air and air-to-surface precision guided/homing ordnance.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) - Concept Designation for air superiority and multirole 5th Generation Fighter concept.
• AMCA - Project Abbreviation
• AMCA(N) - Proposed navalized variant of the land-based IAF AMCA.