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HAL Sukhoi PMF/FGFA

India (2022)
Picture of HAL Sukhoi PMF/FGFA Multirole 5th Generation Fighter Concept

The HAL-Sukhoi Perspective Multi-Role Fighter is an Indian two-seat derivative of the planned single-seat Russian PAK FA T-50 5th Generation Fighter prototype currently under development.


Detailing the development and operational history of the HAL Sukhoi PMF/FGFA Multirole 5th Generation Fighter Concept.  Entry last updated on 10/24/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

In December of 2010, it was announced that a partnership deal had been reached between the governments of India and Russia on development of an indigenous 5th Generation Fighter to be based on the currently in-development Russian Sukhoi PAK-FA T-50 prototype. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) of India would be partnering with the Sukhoi concern to develop and Indian-centric version of the advanced stealth fighter for use by the Indian Air Force, replacing its existing fleet of Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum and Sukhoi Su-30MKI ("Flanker-H") air superiority fighters - both aircraft with origins in Cold War, 1970s requirements. The $11 billion dollar deal will net the Indian Air Force an advanced all-modern fighter with introduction of the series tentatively expected for 2022. To date, the governments are scheduled to sign the deal which will provide India a working prototype to be delivered in 2014 with a follow-up prototype expected in 2017. A third would be joining these two in 2019 and all would serve as evaluation mounts to test various components, onboard systems and general handling and weapons delivery.

The Indian project was initially designated as the "Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft" (FGFA) and is now (as of August 2012) known under the name of "Perspective Multi-Role Fighter" (PMF). It is no secret that the Russians have fallen behind in the Indian military procurement race and its commitment to deliver its advanced PAK FA fighter is a sign of increased desire for inclusion. As such, India plans on procuring 250 PAK FA (single-seat) and PAK FA derivative (two-seat) to which Sukhoi will benefit greatly - the PAK FAs will arrive initially but be outfitted with Indian software and electronics and support Indian weaponry. The Indian Air Force recently signed to procure the French Dassault Rafale in number (to replace its fleet of outgoing MiG-21s) for the interim while it also maintains its fleet of MiG-29 and Su-30 aircraft. The joint PAK FA/PMF endeavor is similar in scope to the Su-30M/Su-30MKI initiative - the Su-30M being the standardized Russian Flanker while the Su-30MKI is the Indian-based derivative with local modifications led by HAL.

Like its T-50 counterpart, the Indian PMF will sport inherent "stealth" features without the heavy use of sloped angles (more in line with the Lockheed F-22 Raptor than the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk). It will feature the capability to "supercruise" which will allow the airframe supersonic flight without the need of fuel-hungry afterburner to be deployed. The PMF will also be all-modern with advanced fly-by-wire avionics, and all-digital cockpit, advanced weapons identification, tracking and delivery and Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar facilities - the latter to be housed in the nose. This will provide the PMF the ability to avoid enemy radar and homing missiles while being able to deliver advanced payloads of air-to-air missiles, air-to-surface missiles, anti-radiation missiles, anti-ship missiles and precision-guided munitions as needed. Composites will be used where possible to keep operational weights in check and eight of the sixteen proposed weapons hardpoints will be held internally to help reduce the aircraft's overall radar signature. Engines are expected to be comparable to the Saturn-Lyulka AL-41F turbofan series capable of afterburn with and output of over 34,000lbs thrust each and three Russian concerns are vying for the finalized powerplant rights. Like other 4.5 and 5th Generation Fighter mounts, the PMF will make use of "networking" between its aircraft fleet via secured data links. The two seat variant will sport a second cockpit in tandem at the expense of internal volume (and thus fuel stores and operational range); the second pilot will take a portion of the workload from the primary pilot, making for a more efficient weapons delivery system. Weapons of the PMF are expected to be largely Indian in nature which will lower the reliance on foreign procurement and increased logistical friendliness within the Indian Air Force circle. By and large, the Indian variant will largely resemble the Russian design externally but be of wholly-Indian design internally concerning its electronics, avionics and weapons suite.
UPDATE: November 2012 - The Indian government has since reduced the number of intended FGFA aircraft it plans to procure. Single-seat versions will now number 166 examples with 48 examples of the two-seat version. The Russian PAK FA remains in flight testing as of this writing (Early November 2012).

Due to the on-going nature of the PMF program, specifications on this page are likely to change (numbers listed in this article are largely based on the existing PAK FA T-50 prototype).






Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 1500mph
Lo: 750mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (1,491mph).

    Graph average of 1125 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LON
LON
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MOS
MOS
 
  TOK
TOK
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the HAL Sukhoi PMF/FGFA's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
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Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
0
0


  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
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National Flag Graphic
Origin: India
Year: 2022
Type: Multirole 5th Generation Fighter Concept
Manufacturer(s): Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) - India / Sukhoi OKB - Russia
Production: 0
Status: In-Development
Global Operators:
India (possible)
Historical Commitments / Honors:

Military lapel ribbon for Operation Allied Force
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Britain
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Midway
Military lapel ribbon for the Berlin Airlift
Military lapel ribbon for the Chaco War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the French-Indochina War
Military lapel ribbon for the Golden Age of Flight
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Iran-Iraq War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1982 Lebanon War
Military lapel ribbon for the Malayan Emergency
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Six Day War
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Suez Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for Warsaw Pact of the Cold War-era
Military lapel ribbon for the WASP (WW2)
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur
* Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations.
Measurements and Weights icon
Structural - Crew, Dimensions, and Weights:
Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the HAL Sukhoi PMF/FGFA model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.

Operational
CREW


Personnel
2


Dimension
LENGTH


Feet
74.15 ft


Meters
22.6 m


Dimension
WIDTH


Feet
46.59 ft


Meters
14.2 m


Dimension
HEIGHT


Feet
19.36 ft


Meters
5.9 m


Weight
EMPTY


Pounds
40,786 lb


Kilograms
18,500 kg


Weight
LOADED


Pounds
57,320 lb


Kilograms
26,000 kg

Engine icon
Installed Power - Standard Day Performance:
2 x Saturn-Lyulka AL-41F turbofan engines with supercruise developing 34,000lb of thrust each (or similar).

Performance
SPEED


Miles-per-Hour
1,491 mph


Kilometers-per-Hour
2,400 kph


Knots
1,296 kts


Performance
RANGE


Miles
3,418 mi


Kilometers
5,500 km


Nautical Miles
2,970 nm


Performance
CEILING


Feet
65,617 ft


Meters
20,000 m


Miles
12.43 mi


Performance
CLIMB RATE


Feet-per-Minute
69,000 ft/min


Meters-per-Minute
21,031 m/min

Supported Weapon Systems:

Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a short-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of an aircrat automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft air-to-surface missile
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-radar/anti-radiation missile
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-ship missile
Graphical image of an aircraft conventional drop bomb munition
Graphical image of an aircraft guided bomb munition
Armament - Hardpoints (16):

(Proposed)

STANDARD:
2 x 30mm internal cannons

OPTIONAL (8 external hardpoints; 8 internal):
Mix ordnance to include air-to-air, air-to-surface, anti-ship, anti-radiation, precision-guided munitions and conventional drop bombs.
Variants: Series Model Variants
• PAK FA (T-50) - Original Russian prototype on which the Indian design is based on.
• FGFA ("Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft") - Project Designation.
• PMRF ("Proposed Multi-Role Fighter") - Revised project designation.