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INS Vishal Aircraft Carrier (2025)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 8/20/2015

The INS Vishal will follow her sister, the INS Vikrant, into Indian Navy service in the next decade and sport a higher displacement and flat-top flightdeck.

The INS Vishal ("Immense") is the second of two new indigenous Indian Navy carrier designs currently under construction (2012). The INS Vishal is following the INS Vikrant into service to which the latter is expected to be commissioned sometime after 2017 due to ongoing project delays. Prior to these two endeavors, the Indian Navy relied largely on existing foreign types of British or Soviet/Russian origin refitted for Indian Navy use and, as such, these new carrier developments will stand as a huge symbol of national pride. The INS Vishal project is headed by the Naval Design Bureau with the vessel requirements expected to be finalized by the end of 2012.

For years. the Indian Navy made use of two ex-British Royal Navy carriers under the local names of INS Vikrant (R11) and INS Viraat (R22) though these aging systems eventually passed their prime by the end of the 1980s and thought was given towards their formal retirement. A new indigenous initiative was announced in 1989 intended to stock the Indian Navy with a homegrown solution under the "Air Defence Ships" (ADS) project. Construction would consist of two 28,000 ton vessels centered on the launching and recovery of the British BAe Sea Harrier Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) strike aircraft. However, economic hardship struck the Indian nation and the project fell to naught.

In 1999, the economic troubles had subsided to which the indigenous carrier initiative was brought to light once more. By this time, the Sea Harrier stable had grown thin to under a dozen aircraft and a more flexible aircraft carrier solution was directed under the new "Indigenous Aircraft Carrier" initiative. The class would include the initial 40,000 ton INS Vikrant (not to be confused with the original R11) and her sister, the 65,000 ton INS Vishal. Both would be capable of launching the newer Mikoyan MiG-29K Fulcrum navy fighters and navalized helicopters as required. The Vikrant was assigned a STOBAR configuration (Short Take-Off But Arrested Recovery) to which a "ski jump" ramp was affixed to the bow end of the ship for the required short-take off requirement. The Vishal, however, would be drastically different in scope and function, being of the CATOBAR configuration (Catapult-Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery) - in essence a "flat top" deck more in line with American Navy offerings. This particular configuration would now make it possible to launch heavier and dimensionally larger mission-minded fixed-wing aircraft such as Airborne Early Warning (AEW) types and give the Indian Navy a considerable edge in the South Asian-Pacific Theater - particularly against the likes of China and Pakistan.


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Specifications for the
INS Vishal
Aircraft Carrier


Country of Origin: India
Initial Year of Service: 2025
Operators: India


Crew: 1,400


Length: 860 ft (262.13 m)
Beam: 200 ft (60.96 m)
Draught: 28 ft (8.53 m)
Displacement: 65,000 tons


Machinery: TO BE DECIDED: Possibly Nuclear-powered OR conventionally-powered through 4 x General Electric LM2500+ gas turbines generating power to 2 x shafts.

Surface Speed: 28 kts (32 mph)
Range: 8,600 miles (13,840 km)


Armament:
4 x Otobreda 76mm dual purpose cannons
Surface-to-Air Missile Launchers
Close-In Weapon System (CIWS)


Air Arm: 29 x Mikoyan MiG-29K Fulcrum air defense fighters OR 29 x HAL Tejas multirole fighters.
10 x Kamov Ka-31 "Helix" AEW helicopters OR 10 x Westland Sea King multirole helicopters.


Ship Class: Vikrant-class
Number-in-Class: 2
Ships-in-Class: INS Vikrant; INS Vishal