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  • Mikoyan MiG-29 (Fulcrum) Lightweight Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft

    The Soviet-era Mikoyan MiG-29 Fulcrum has seen excellent sales figures at home and abroad.

     Updated: 6/19/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Mikoyan MiG-29 "Fulcrum" did much to further Soviet/Russian aviation technology and, along with the Sukhoi Su-27 "Flanker", formed a powerful and highly-capable one-two punch for the Soviet Air Force and its allies through the 1990s and the new millennium. The potency of the MiG-29 has since grown over the decades thanks to programs that have evolved the system from a deadly lightweight fighter to a potent, multi-faceted tool of warfare. The MiG-29 has proven a success worldwide with operators beyond the Soviet Union/Russia being Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cuba, Czech Republic, Eritrea, Hungary, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Peru, North Korea, Poland, Serbia, Slovakia, Sudan, Syria, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Yemen. East German/German MiG-29s were eventually sold to Poland. Iraq no longer fields the Fulcrum while Romania has since retired her small fleet. Israel procured at least one example for aggressor training considering its most potent ally in the region would have been Russian-made MiG-29s. Yugoslavia is a former operator and these later fell into Serbian use during the Serb-Croat War.

    Today, Russia maintains some 445 MiG-29s in inventory as of early 2011. India also currently manages several dozen MiG-29s for its air force and navy air arms making it one of the primary export operators of the aircraft. North Korea operates at least 40 Fulcrums which were purchased from both Russia and Belarus. In 1997, even the United States purchased 21 Fulcrums from Moldova in an attempt to keep these Russian fighters from falling into rogue hands - giving American engineers unprecedented access to this fine fighter. Several of these MiG-29s went on to become museum displays across America. While an excellent proven fighter platform over the years, the MiG-29 has had her share of notable and much-publicized crashes, some resulting in fatalities. Nevertheless, her potency today is a far cry from what she was at inception and programs have brought about the best in her base design.

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    Mikoyan MiG-29 (Fulcrum) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1984
    Type: Lightweight Multi-Role Fighter Aircraft
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Mikoyan OKB - Soviet Union
    Production Total: 1,625

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 56.82 feet (17.32 meters)
    Width: 37.27 feet (11.36 meters)
    Height: 15.52 feet (4.73 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 24,028 lb (10,899 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 43,431 lb (19,700 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x Klimov RD-33 turbofans with afterburner developing 18,300 lb of thrust each.

    Maximum Speed: 1,519 mph (2,445 kph; 1,320 knots)
    Maximum Range: 889 miles (1,430 km)
    Service Ceiling: 59,058 feet (18,001 meters; 11.19 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 65,000 feet-per-minute (19,812 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    1 x 30mm GSh-30-1 internal cannon

    Standard air-to-air Armament:
    2 x AA-10 "Alamo"
    4 x AA-11 OR 4 x AA-8 OR 4 x AA-12 "Adder"

    6 x Underwing hardpoints can carry max load of 8,818lbs (4,000kg) of stores. Munitions may include the following:

    R-27 AAMs, R-73 AAMs, R-77 AAMs, Rocket Pods and
    various laser-guided / conventional iron bomb loadouts. External fuel tanks at three hardpoints can replace munitions.

    Global Operators / Customers

    Algeria; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bulgaria; Cuba; Eritrea; Germany; Hungary; India; Iran; Iraq; North Korea; Malaysia; Moldova; Myanmar; Peru; Poland; Romania; Russia; Serbia; Slovakia; Soviet Union; Syria; East Germany; Yemen; Yugoslavia

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    MiG-29 ("Fulcrum-A") - Initial Production Model Designation

    MiG-29B ("Fulcrum-A") - Export Model for non-Warsaw Pact allies; downgraded systems.

    MiG-29UB ("Fulcrum-B") - Two-seat conversion trainer; sans radar.

    MiG-29S ("Fulcrum-C") - Enlarged fuselage spine for higher fuel volume; extended operational ranges; modified flight control system; improved Phazotron N019M radar function; limited ground attack; AA-12 missile compatibility.

    MiG-29SM ("Fulcrum-C") - Air-to-Surface guided weapon capability.

    MiG-29G - Upgraded East German MiG-29s to NATO standard

    MiG-29GT - Upgraded East German MiG-29UB Two-Seat Trainers to NATO standard.

    MiG-29AS - Upgraded Slovak MiG-29 to NATO standard

    MiG029UBS - Upgraded Slovak MiG-29UB Trainers to NATO standard.

    MiG-29SD - Alternative Slovak Designation

    MiG-29 "Sniper" - Proposed Romanian Upgraded MiG-29s; since abandoned.

    MiG-29M ("Fulcrum-E") - Improved MiG-29; multi-role platform; revised airframe and flight control system (FBW); fitted with RD-33 3M engines.

    MiG-33 - Alternative MiG-29M Designation

    MiG-29UBM - Proposed Two-Seat Trainer version of MiG-29M production model; never produced.

    MiG-29K ("Fulcrum-D") - Proposed Navalized MiG-29M; never produced for Russian use but ordered for Indian Navy.

    MiG-29KUB ("Fulcrum-D") - Proposed Navalized Two-Seat MiG-29UBM; never produced for Russian use but ordered for Indian Navy.

    MiG-29SMT - Upgraded Original MiG-29 Production Models; increased fuel stores; HOTAS; upgraded RD-33 engines; improved MTOW and thusly weapons loadout; seven hardpoints; modular avionics to suit customer needs.

    MiG-29UBT - Upgraded MiG-29UB Trainers

    MiG-29UPG - Indian Air Force Export Models; Phazotron Zhuk-M radar; improved avionics suite; in-flight refuling probe as standard' improved RD-33 engines.

    MiG-29M2 - Two-Seat Variant of the MiG-29M production model with lesser range; once known as MiG-29MRCA.

    MiG-29OVT - Testbeds for fly-by-wire system and engine thrust vectoring.

    MiG-35 ("Fulcrum-F") - Latest MiG-29 offering based on the MiG-29M production model; thrust vectoring; improved Phazotron radar system.