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Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 / MiG-3

Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 / MiG-3

Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
ARMAMENT
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 was one of the faster Soviet piston-engined fighters available at the start of World War 2, though still outclassed by Germany types.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Soviet Union
YEAR: 1941
STATUS: Retired, Out-of-Service
MANUFACTURER(S): Mikoyan-Gurevich OKB - Soviet Union
PRODUCTION: 3,422
OPERATORS: Soviet Union
SPECIFICATIONS



Unless otherwise noted the presented statistics below pertain to the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 / MiG-3 model. Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible.
CREW: 1
LENGTH: 26.74 feet (8.15 meters)
WIDTH: 33.79 feet (10.3 meters)
HEIGHT: 8.76 feet (2.67 meters)
WEIGHT (EMPTY): 5,721 pounds (2,595 kilograms)
WEIGHT (MTOW): 7,385 pounds (3,350 kilograms)
ENGINE: 1 x Mikulin AM-35A V-12 piston engine developing 1,350 horsepower.
SPEED (MAX): 398 miles-per-hour (640 kilometers-per-hour; 346 knots)
RANGE: 777 miles (1,250 kilometers; 675 nautical miles)
CEILING: 39,370 feet (12,000 meters; 7.46 miles)
RATE-OF-CLIMB: 3,935 feet-per-minute (1,199 meters-per-minute)




ARMAMENT



STANDARD:
1 x 12.7mm Beresin BS machine gun mounted over engine.
2 x 7.62mm ShKAS machine guns mounted over nose.

Later models would feature additional 2 x 12.7mm machine guns underwing, one per wing.

OPTIONAL:
6 x 3.23 inch rockets
2 x 220lb bombs
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• I-61 - Prototype Model Designation
• MiG-1 - Initial Production Models of which some 100 examples were produced; fitted with Mikulin AM-35 V-12 engine of 1,200hp; 3 x machine guns.
• MiG-3 - Production Model Designation of improved MiG-1 samples; fitted with AM-35A engine of 1,350hp; later models added 1 x 12.7mm machine guns under each wing; sliding cockpit canopy; improved handling.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 / MiG-3 Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft.  Entry last updated on 11/2/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Despite being one of the fastest Soviet piston-engine designs in the early years of the war, the MiG-3 was dogged by less-than-stellar handling characteristics and was genuinely still outclassed by German counterparts in the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 series. The system was also woefully under-armed in its early versions and was relegated to bomber escort and close-support duty during its tenure. Eventually, the system would give way to the more capable Lavochkin series of radial-engined platforms even though some 3,400 examples of the MiG-3 were to be produced.

The MiG-3 was a single-seat, single-engine, low-wing monoplane fighter. The elongated nose section depicted the spacing needed to mount the long engine fielding the Mikulin brand. Appearing in initial forms as the I-61 prototype, the system graduated into production as the MiG-1. The MiG-1 proved no match in the early opening rounds of conflict, armed with just three machine guns and still operating with handling problems and fitted with a 1,200 horsepower Mikulin V-12. Only about 100 of the MiG-1 series were produced in 1940, giving way to the slightly improved MiG-3 in 1941.




Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 / MiG-3 (Cont'd)

Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 / MiG-3 (Cont'd)

Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft



The MiG-3 offered up only a slight boost in handling capability and was initially fielded with the same woeful three gun armament. Later models would improve this count by adding one additional heavy caliber (.50) under each wing. Provisions for under wing rockets (totaling 6) and two bombs were part of the MiG-3's armament capabilities. Additional modifications to the MiG-3 resulted in a sliding canopy assembly, slightly redesigned wing systems and a constant speed propeller system. Horsepower from the Mikulin AM-35A V-12 amounted to an impressive 1,350hp putting the overall top speed somewhere near 400 miles per hour.

Despite all this, the MiG-3 would never shake the handle of being a "hot rod" aircraft and nothing more. The Lavochkin series of aircraft would take the mantle and offer up exceedingly better performance over the MiG-3 series. In the end, Mikoyan-Gurevich would still end up designing one of the more memorable piston engine aircraft of the war and lay down the groundwork for decades more work in the field of interceptor design culminating with the fabulous MiG-29 Fulcrum multi-role platform.




MEDIA









Our Data Modules allow for quick visual reference when comparing a single entry against contemporary designs. Areas covered include general ratings, speed assessments, and relative ranges based on distances between major cities.

Image of collection of graph types

Relative Maximum Speed Rating
Hi: 400mph
Lo: 200mph
    This entry's maximum listed speed (398mph).

    Graph average of 300 miles-per-hour.
City-to-City Ranges
NYC
 
  LDN
LDN
 
  PAR
PAR
 
  BER
BER
 
  MSK
MSK
 
  TKY
TKY
 
  SYD
SYD
 
  LAX
LAX
 
  NYC
Graph showcases the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3's operational range (on internal fuel) when compared to distances between major cities.
Aviation Era
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Pie graph section
Useful in showcasing the era cross-over of particular aircraft/aerospace designs.
Unit Production Comparison
Comm. Market HI*: 44,000 units
Military Market HI**: 36,183 units
3422
3422

  * Commercial Market High belongs to Cessna 172.

  ** Military Market High belongs to Ilyushin Il-2.


Altitude Visualization
Small airplane graphic
Supported Roles
A2A
Interception
UAV
Ground Attack
CAS
Training
ASW
Anti-Ship
AEW
MEDEVAC
EW
Maritime/Navy
SAR
Aerial Tanker
Utility/Transport
VIP
Passenger
Business
Recon
SPECOPS
X-Plane/Development
A2A=Air-to-Air; UAV=Unmanned; CAS=Close Support; ASW=Anti-Submarine; AEW=Airborne Early Warning; MEDEVAC=Medical Evac; EW=Electronic Warfare; SAR=Search-Rescue