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  • Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn) Dive Bomber / Light Bomber Aircraft

    The Petlyakov Pe-2 went on to become the best Soviet light tactical bomber of World War 2 with production netting 11,427 units.

     Updated: 6/18/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    During World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviets lacked a heavy bomber stable when compared to the British and Americans. Instead, and primarily due to the short-ranged war it would fight against one-time ally Germany, it fielded a collection of fighters and twin-engined light/medium aircraft. The Petlyakov Pe-2 was one such twin-engined development with design attributed to Vladamir Petylyakov (1891-1942). It proved to be one of the best ground-attack platforms of the whole war, its value solidified through the 11,427 numbers built. These aircraft saw combat service against the Axis in Europe and Japanese forces in Manchuria, serving over all major Soviet-related fronts of the war.

    Entering the war, the Soviets and Germans stood as Allies. When Germany invaded neighboring Poland in September of 1939, it began what would become a year's long struggle for the world. Weeks later, Soviet forces arrived to effectively divide Poland in two. The Germans then turned on the Soviets for, in June of 1941, Hitler enacted "Operation Barbarossa" - the invasion of the Soviet Union - and officially began the East Front. While gains were initially excellent for the Germans and losses horribly bad for the Soviets, the ensuing winter and strained supply lines slowed the Germans just outside of Moscow. Regrouping, the Soviets then began their monumental push westwards until the entire Axis war machine was destroyed at Berlin in April of 1945.

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    Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn) Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1941
    Type: Dive Bomber / Light Bomber Aircraft
    National Origin: Soviet Union
    Manufacturer(s): Petlyakov - Soviet Union
    Production Total: 11,427

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 3
    Length: 41.54 feet (12.66 meters)
    Width: 56.30 feet (17.16 meters)
    Height: 13.12 feet (4.00 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 12,954 lb (5,876 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 18,730 lb (8,496 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x Klimov M-105R water-cooled inline engines developing 1,100 horsepower.

    Maximum Speed: 336 mph (540 kph; 292 knots)
    Maximum Range: 932 miles (1,500 km)
    Service Ceiling: 28,871 feet (8,800 meters; 5.47 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 2,343 feet-per-minute (714 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    2 x 7.62mm fixed machine guns in OR 1 x 7.62mm and 1 x 12.7mm machine guns fixed, forward-firing mountings in nose.
    1 x 7.62mm machine gun OR 1 x 12.7mm machine gun in dorsal stations.
    1 x 7.62mm machine gun in ventral station
    1 x 7.62mm machine gun at midships (optional)

    Maximum ordnance load of 2,646lbs to 3,520lbs.

    Global Operators / Customers

    Bulgaria; China; Czechoslovakia; Finland; Hungary; Poland; Soviet Union; Yugoslavia

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    VI-100 - High-altitude, high-performance design from which the Pe-2 is derived from.

    PB-100 - Prototype dive bomber aircraft of which two produced.

    Pe-2 - Official Series Model Designation based on the PB-100 prototype design; initial production models.

    Pe-2B - Standardized bomber of 1944 onwards

    Pe-2D - Three-seat bomber; fitted with 2 x Klimov VK-107A engines

    Pe-2FT - Definitive Pe-2 tactical bomber; fitted with 2 x Klimov M-105PF of 1,260 horsepower; 7.62mm machine gun in dorsal turret; sans dive brakes.

    Pe-2I - Fighter-Bomber derivative fitted with VK-107A 1,620hp engines; remote-controlled tail machine gun; improved performance; designed by Myasishchev.

    Pe-2K - Fitted with radial piston engines; limited production

    Pe-2M - Fighter-Bomber derivative fitted with VK-107A 1,620hp engines and improved armament.

    Pe-2MV - Fitted with 20mm ShVAK cannons and 2 x 12.7mm machine guns underfuselage; 7.62mm machine gun in dorsal turret position.

    Pe-2R - Dedicated Reconnaissance Variant; increased service range; limited production.

    Pe-2S - Two-seat trainer

    Pe-2Sh - Proposed prototype with 2 x 20mm cannons and 1 x 12.7mm machine gun underfuselage.

    Pe-2VI - High-Altitude Fighter

    Pe-2UTI - Dual-Control Trainer Variant

    Pe-3 - Night Fighter / Heavy Fighter Version

    Pe-4 - Fighter variant; limited production

    B-32 - Czech designation for Pe-2FT

    CB-32 - Czech designation for Pe-2UTI trainers