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Heckler & Koch HK P9

Semi-Automatic Pistol [ 1969 ]

The Heckler and Koch P9 series of semi-automatic handguns emerged from West Germany in 1969 and has proven a popular sidearm.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/03/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Heckler & Koch engineers of West Germany began design of a new, all-modern compact semi-automatic pistol in 1965. The result of this work became the popular P9 series which appeared in 1969 and saw a production run lasting until the late 1970s. The P9 made use of modern construction methods of the period that included polymers for weight reduction and stamped steel for high-tolerance components such as the slide.

The P9 was typically adopted in 9x19mm Parabellum pistol cartridge but other market forms emerged to support the 7.65x22mm Parabellum as well as the popular .45 ACP round. The action was based on the HK tried-and-true roller-delayed blowback arrangement though slightly modified in this sidearm. The barrel was also completed with polygonal rifling. The original P9 form was a Single-Action (SA) model but production of this form only amounted to several hundred units - fewer than 500 in fact. This was followed by the more popular P9S which introduced a Double-Action (DA) system and went on to see strong market interest before the end.

The 9mm chambered model supported a 9-round magazine while the .45 ACP model used a 7-round magazine (single column stacking).

Operators of the P9 have included Algeria (Police), Argentina (Army), Greece, Japan (Special Forces), Lebanon, Malaysia (Police and Military), Netherlands (Special Forces), Paraguay, Portugal (National Guard), Saudi Arabia, Spain (Special Forces), Sudan, the United States (Navy), and West Germany (Police). The United States Navy took on a model supporting a sound suppressor for clandestine operatives.

Variants of the P9/P9S included the P9S "Target", a competition-minded pistol offering with additional sighting devices, adjustable trigger, and chambering in 9mm Parabellum or .45 ACP. The P9K ("Kurz") was a shortened version offering greater compactness. However, this model only ever existed in prototype form and was not entered into serial production.

An elegant-looking sidearm, the P9 still enjoys frontline use despite its Cold War-era roots.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

Germany national flag graphic


Semi-Automatic Pistol

Heckler & Koch GmbH - West Germany
(View other Arms-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of Argentina National flag of modern Germany National flag of Greece National flag of Malaysia National flag of the Netherlands National flag of Pakistan National flag of Portugal National flag of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National flag of Spain National flag of Sudan National flag of the United States Argentina; West Germany; Germany; Greece; Malaysia; Netherlands; Pakistan; Paraguay; Portugal; Saudi Arabia; Spain; Sudan; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Pistol / Sidearm
Compact design for close-quarters work or general self-defense.

Overall Length
192 mm
7.56 in
Barrel Length
102 mm
4.02 in
Empty Wgt
1.94 lb
0.88 kg

Iron Front and Rear


Semi-Automatic; Roller-Delayed; Double-Action

One shot per trigger pull; self-loading or auto-loading action aided by internal mechanism; trigger management (and initial cocking) typically required by the operator; subsequent shots are aided by the unlocked / moving bolt.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


9x19mm Parabellum; .45 ACP; 7.65x22mm Parabellum

Sample Visuals**

Graphical image of a 9mm pistol cartridge
Rounds / Feed

7- or 9-Round Detachable Box Magazine (model dependent)
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
P9 - Base Series Designation; Single-Action model form
P9K ("Kurz") - Shortened model; prototype form only
P9S - Double-Action model supplanting original Single-Action P9 model.
P9S Target - Competition shooter with additional sighting support and adjustable trigger.

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