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Steyr SSG 69

Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle (1969)

Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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The Steyr SSG 69 bolt-action sniper rifle has seen service with the forces of over a dozen countries worldwide.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/08/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Cold War proved the ultimate market for firearms of all sorts though things became decidedly restricted for manufacturers in the West when the standardization in NATO occurred. Steyr Mannlicher developed a local 7.62mm-based bolt-action sniper rifle as the "SSG 69" during this period and the weapon when on to stock the inventory of the Austrian Army as its standard long-range precision system. As its designation would suggest, the gun found its official role in 1969 and has been in service ever since while also being adopted by many armies and special forces groups of the world in turn.

The SSG 69 has proven a highly accurate and robust battlefield weapon of typically excellent Steyr quality. A composite stock made up its body with high tolerance metal workings inlaid into the design. The buttstock was padded for recoil comfort and the grip handle well-curved in a most ergonomic fashion. A forward-thinking, cold-hammered barrel was used which aided accuracy and the barrel's length ran deep into the receiver for improved inherent strength. The bolt featured a six-lug-locking (rear-mounted) arrangement for strong sealing characteristics. Overall weight of the standard model became 8.8lb with an overall length of 44.9 inches showcased when using a barrel of 25.6 inches long.

The SSG 69 was chambered solely for the (non-magnum caliber) 7.62x51mm NATO standard rifle cartridge - a proven performer at range. The action of the gun relied on the tried-and-true, manually-actuated bolt-action arrangement and fed from a 5-round internal rotary-style magazine configuration. The rotary magazine was of particular note and a distinct quality of the rifle, its five cartridges sat within a J-shaped hold when viewing the rifle from its front or rear profile. A 10-round box was also made available. Effective ranges reached out to 875 yards with a maximum range as far out as 4,045 yards. Unlike other sniper rifles, the SSG 69 retained its back up iron sights while a telescopic sight was typically fitted over the receiver in the usual way. A bipod could be fitted at the end of the fore-end as a frontal support. Slings provided areas for attaching a shoulder strap for transporting/marching the system.

Beyond its use by the Austrian Army and special forces, the SSG 69 was adopted by the forces of Argentina, Chile, Greece, Iceland, India, Indonesia (special forces), Ireland, Jordan, the Netherlands (marine units), Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Russia (special forces), Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey (special forces), Togo, and the United States (border patrol).

The base rifle model became the "SSG 69 PI" and this was followed by the longer, 9.3lb "SSG 69 PII" (.22-250 Remington). Then came the shortened "SSG 69 PIV" of 8.4lb weight.


Service Year

Austria national flag graphic


Bolt-Action Sniper Rifle

Steyr-Mannlicher - Austria
National flag of Argentina National flag of Austria National flag of Chile National flag of Greece National flag of India National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iraq National flag of Ireland National flag of Jordan National flag of the Netherlands National flag of Pakistan National flag of Peru National flag of Poland National flag of Russia National flag of Singapore National flag of South Korea National flag of Syria National flag of Turkey National flag of Tunisia National flag of the United States Argentina; Austria; Chile; Greece; Iceland; India; Indonesia; Ireland; Iraq; Jordan; Netherlands; Pakistan; Peru; Poland; Russia; Singapore; South Korea; Syria; Tunisia; Turkey; Togo; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Accuracy / Precision
Long-range accuracy / precision capable; suitable for sniping, particularly when equipped with sighting aids.

Overall Length
1,140 mm
44.88 in
Barrel Length
650 mm
25.59 in
Empty Wgt
8.82 lb
4.00 kg

Iron Front and Rear; Optional Optics.


Manually-Actuated Bolt-Action Rifle

Manually-actuated process of managing the bolt lever to eject spent cartridge case, clearing the breech, to introduce fresh catridge into the chamber.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


7.62x51mm NATO; .243 Winchester; .22-50 Remington

Sample Visuals**

Graphical image of a 7.62x51mm / .308 Winchester rifle cartridge
Rounds / Feed

5-Round Rotary Magazine; 10-Round Box
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
2,625 ft
(800 m | 875 yd)

SSG 69 - Base Series Designation
SSG 69 PI - 8.82lb weight; 1,140mm length; 7.62x51mm NATO.
SSG 69 PII - 9.3lb weight; 1,190mm length; .22-250 Remington.
SSG 69 PIV - 8.4lb weight; 1,003mm length

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