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Zastava M84


General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG)


Yugoslavia | 1984



"The Yugoslavian Zastava Arms M84 GPMG is based on the Soviet PK-PKM series of machine guns and has seen service with several national forces."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/21/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
In 1984, there emerged a new, locally-designed and produced Yugoslavian General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) as the Zastava Arms M84. No doubt influenced some by the Soviet PK/PKM series system, the M84 served in the same role and featured a similar appearance complete with its utilitarian design approach at the receiver, belt-feeding and chambering for the ubiquitous 7.62x54R cartridge. Service entry into the Yugoslavian Army occurred during 1985.

As with other GPMG systems, M84 is intended to serve multiple missions in the scope of ground forces. This means that the weapon can be fitted to a bipod as a portable measure or fixed atop a tripod in a more defensive-minded role. Only full-automatic fire is generally seen in this class of weapon and the barrel is cooled through simple air cooling, relying on the operator to manage heat build-up and change out barrels as necessary. Belt-feeding allows for consistent firepower without the need to change magazines frequently. Additionally, GPMGs typically used higher-powered, rifle-caliber cartridges in the 7.62mm range or larger.

Indeed, the M84 can be fielded in many battlefield roles including helicopter door gun pintle mounts and as a vehicle-served weapon. It sports a quick-change barrel function which aids in overheating and is serviceable as a dual-purpose weapon - capable of engaging ground-based targets or incoming aerial threats. When on its bipod, it can prove a handy area-suppression weapon at the squad-level.

Overall weight is 19lb while overall length if 46 inches with a 26-inch barrel. The action relies on a proven gas-operated, rotating bolt arrangement allowing for 700 to 800 rounds per minute to be achieved in its rate-of-fire. Muzzle velocity is listed at 2,700 feet per second with an effective firing range out to 1,000 meters. Feeding is through a 100- or 250-round belt. Iron sights allow for accurized ranged fire and are adjustable. Optical sights are supported though only when a mounting device is utilized.

While the nation of Yugoslavia no longer exists, its M84 weapon still resides in the inventories of several militaries of the world including Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iraq, Montenegro, Macedonia and Serbia.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Physical
The physical qualities of the Zastava M84. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
1,175 mm
46.26 in
O/A Length
658 mm
25.91 in
Barrel Length
19.40 lb
8.80 kg
Weight
Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt
Action
7.62x54mmR
Caliber(s)
100- or 250-round belts
Feed
Adjustable Iron; Optional Optics.
Sights
Performance
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Zastava M84. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
3,280 ft
999.7 m | 1,093.3 yds
Max.Eff.Range
750
Rounds-Per-Minute
Rate-of-Fire
2,700 ft/sec
823 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Zastava M84 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) family line.
M84 - Base Series Designation; standard infantry-level model; solid wooden stock; unfluted barrel assembly; based on the Soviet PKM machine gun series.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Zastava M84. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): Zastava Arms - Yugoslavia / Croatia
National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina National flag of Croatia National flag of Iraq National flag of Macedonia National flag of Montenegro National flag of Serbia

[ Afghanistan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Iraq; Montenegro; Macedonia; Serbia ]
1 / 1
Image of the Zastava M84
Image courtesy of the Public Domain via Wikipedia user Tsnena, October 2006.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
FIRE SUPPORT
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Zastava M84 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) appears in the following collections:
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