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Model 1866 Peabody Carbine


Single-Shot Breechloading Carbine (1866)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Jump-to: Specifications

Developed during the final fighting of the American Civil War, the Peabody Carbine saw more success overseas in the post-war years.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 03/12/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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Henry O. Peabody of Boston, Massachusetts patented a new breech-loading, downward- tilting, lever-operated action for a long gun. The patent was awarded on July 22nd, 1862 during which time the American Civil War (1861-1865) raged on. The action was produced in both rifle and compact carbine forms and in differing calibers - .45 Peabody rimfire, .45-70 Government, .50 rimfire, 50-70, .433 Spanish and 10.4mm Swiss rimfire. Overall design of the firearm was conventional with a long-running, single-piece wooden body, a single barrel band joining barrel and frame and an integral grip and shoulder stock arrangement. The action was of the percussion principle requiring use of percussion caps to actuate a powder charge and send the bullet out of the muzzle. Barrels were rifled for accuracy and range, a far cry from the smoothbore designs of old. A bayonet was optionally affixed under the muzzle in the usual infantry-minded way.

A carbine form based on the Peabody action was entering development during the latter stages of the Civil War. While a rifle form was, in fact, trialed by the US Army during the conflict, it was not adopted due to teething issues and the, ultimately, end of the war in 1865. Likewise, the carbine did not achieve status prior to the end and, instead, found more success through export. Manufacture of the Model 1866 Carbine was handled through the Peabody and Providence Tool Company of Providence, Rhode Island USA. The primary caliber was .50 rimfire though the aforementioned bullet forms were also in play due to the non-standardized world landscape - particularly in Europe. Barrels measured a handy 20-inches long and loading was through the breech as opposed to down the muzzle.

A few American states eventually purchased the type (Connecticut, Massachusetts and South Carolina) during the post war years primary centering during the 1870s). France, however, ordered some 33,000 of the rifle and they were then joined by Switzerland, Spain, Mexico, Romania and Canada in the purchase of thousands more. Overall, some 112,000 Peabody Carbines found circulation in the United States, Central America and throughout Europe.

Specifications



Service Year
1866

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Classification


Single-Shot Breechloading Carbine


Peabody and Providence Tool Company - USA
National flag of Canada National flag of France National flag of Mexico National flag of Romania National flag of Spain National flag of Switzerland National flag of the United States Canada; France; Mexico; Romania; Spain; Switzerland; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)


Overall Length
635 mm
25.00 in
Barrel Length
508 mm
20.00 in
Sights


Iron Front and Rear.


Action


Single-Shot; Breech-Loading

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


.45 Peabody; .45-70 Government; .50 Rimfire; .50-70; .433 Spanish; 10.4mm Swiss

Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Rate-of-Fire
8
rds/min


Model 1866 Peabody Carbine - Base Series Designation


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