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J.F. Brown Target

Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle [ 1860 ]

The J.F. Brown Target-Sniper Rifle design was a rather advanced design for its time and issued to highly-trained sharpshooters during the American Civil War.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/26/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

J.F. Brown of Haverhill, Massachusetts produced a line of high-quality target/sniper rifles during the Civil War. Sights were developed by L.M. Amadon of Bellows Falls, Vermont. Together, the two men unveiled their excellent rifle that proved to be a highly-advanced system for its time.

Using the percussion-based firing principle, the single-shot J.F. Brown rifle fired a .45 caliber cartridge from a 32.5-inch barrel. The barrel itself was octagonal in shape with a rounded muzzle protruding from forward end of the design. The scope was about as long as the barrel system itself and braced across a forward and rear mount along the top of the weapon. Adjustments to the system could be made via controls located at the rear of the scope. The firing system was all contained and conventionally set up along the right side of the weapon body, consolidated to a metal plate. The trigger group featured a conventional pull trigger and an ornate trigger guard complete with finger loop for precise handling. The grip was a traditional rifle-style yet there was no foregrip running under the barrel. The stock was ornately detailed along the sides and capped with a metal buttplate.

The J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle was utilized in the American Civil War by specially trained sharpshooters.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

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United States


Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle

J.F. Brown / L.M. Amadon - USA
(View other Arms-Related Manufacturers)
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(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Accuracy / Precision
Long-range accuracy / precision capable; suitable for sniping, particularly when equipped with sighting aids.
Special Forces
Qualities of this weapon have shown its value to Special Forces elements requiring a versatile, reliable solution for the rigors of special assignments.

Overall Length
1,030 mm
40.55 in
Barrel Length
825 mm
32.48 in
Empty Wgt
29.98 lb
13.60 kg

Integrated Adjustable Scope


Percussion; Single-Shot; Muzzle-Loading

Percussion Cap
Utilizes the percussion cap system of operation to actuate ignition of propellant; much like a child's cap gun, small explosive caps are set upon nipples and these are actuated by a falling hammer previously cocked.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)



Rounds / Feed

Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.

J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle - Base Series Designation; fitted with L.M. Amadon telescope sight.

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