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Zbrojovka ZB vz. 59 / Uk vz. 59


General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) (1959)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Jump-to: Specifications

The ZB vz.59 is a further development of the vz. 52/57 system.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/15/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Uk vz. 59 was a derivative of the vz. 52/57 machine gun (detailed elsewhere on this site). A Czech design through and through, the vz. 59 was fitted with different iron sights throughout its early production run. The vz. 59 system can be fed from 7.62x54 rimmed cartridge 50-round detachable box magazine containing belts that can be joined to form a full 250-round ammunition belt. The ammunition box clips along the right side of the weapon and is ejected from the left. Furthermore, the vz. 59 system can be fitted to a tripod for the sustained fire role in addition to its standard bipod mounting. The tripod mounting is useful in the anti-aircraft air defense role, though some modification by the operator is necessary to fulfill this duty. A positional carrying handle is fitted to the forward part of the weapon, along the rear portion of the barrel. The bipod is positioned at the extreme barrel end. The fixed buttstock and pistol grip are of wood finish. The cocking handle is positioned along the top rear of the weapon body.

The firing action is accomplished through gas-operation with a tilting breechlock. a rate-of-fire of 700 to 800 rounds-per-minute is reported. The vz. 59 weighs in at 9.28 kilograms and an overall length of 1,215 millimeters. The barrel makes up 650 millimeters of this although the vz. 59 L fits a barrel length of 550 millimeters. The effective range is reported between 100 and 2,000 meters utilizing the folding rear leaf sight and hooded front post.
The vz. 59 is still in service with Czech forces today and a 7.62mm NATO-chambered, belt-fed variant is known to also exist. Other variants include the vz. 59 L, vz. 68, vz. 95 and vz. 98.

The vz.59 is formally known as the "Universal Machine Gun Model 1959".

Specifications



Service Year
1959

Origin
Czechoslovakia national flag graphic
Czechoslovakia

Classification


General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG)


Zbrojovka Vsetin - Czechoslovakia
National flag of Czechia National flag of India National flag of Slovakia Czechoslovakia; Czech Republic; India; Slovakia
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.


Overall Length
1,215 mm
47.83 in
Barrel Length
650 mm
25.59 in
Empty Wgt
20.46 lb
9.28 kg
Sights


Folding Rear Leaf; Hooder Front Post


Action


Gas Operated; Tilting Breechlock

Gas-Operated
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


7.62x54mmR

Rounds / Feed


50-Round Detachable Box Magazine or 250-round Metal-Link Belt Feed
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
6,561 ft
(2,000 m | 2,187 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
700
rds/min
Muzzle Velocity
2,723 ft/sec
(830 m/sec)


Vz. 59L - Standard light support version of base gun; mounted on bipod assembly and fitted with a "light" barrel.
Vz. 59N - Base design modified to fire the 7.62x51mm NATO standard cartridge; fitted with specialized gas regulator control for four position selection.
Vz. 59T - Tank and armored vehicle mount for coaxial placement; firing achieved through solenoid arrangement.


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