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SPG-9 Kopye (Spear)

Recoilless Gun

SPG-9 Kopye (Spear)

Recoilless Gun

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
OVERVIEW



The SPG-9 Recoilless Gun was adopted in 1962 and found many Soviet-aligned takers during the Cold War years.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Soviet Union
YEAR: 1962
MANUFACTURER(S): State Arsenals - Soviet Union
OPERATORS: Afghanistan; Armenia; Belarus; Bulgaria; China; Cuba; Egypt; Georgia; Hungary; Iran; Iraq; Libya; Moldova; Mongolia; Morocco; Nepal; North Korea; Pakistan; Poland; Romania; Soviet Union; Sudan; Syria; Vietnam
National flag of Afghanistan
AFG
National flag of Armenia
ARM
National flag of Belarus
BLR
National flag of Bulgaria
BUL
National flag of China
CHN
National flag of Cuba
CUB
National flag of Egypt
EGY
National flag of Georgia
GEO
National flag of Hungary
HUN
National flag of Iran
IRA
National flag of Iraq
IRQ
National flag of Libya
LIB
National flag of Moldova
MOL
National flag of Mongolia
MNG
National flag of Morocco
MOR
National flag of Nepal
NEP
National flag of North Korea
NKO
National flag of Pakistan
PAK
National flag of Poland
POL
National flag of Romania
ROM
National flag of Soviet Union
USSR
National flag of Sudan
SUD
National flag of Syria
SYR
National flag of ; Vietnam
VTN
SPECIFICATIONS



Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible. * Calibers listed may be model/chambering dependent.
ACTION: Breech-Loaded; Recoilless; Smoothbore
CALIBER(S)*: 73mm
SIGHTS: Included Optics; Optional Night Sight.
ADVERTISEMENTS
LENGTH (O/A)

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BARREL LGTH

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WEIGHT

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kilograms
MUZZLE VEL.

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fps
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meters-per-second
RATE-OF-FIRE

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rpm
RANGE (EFF)

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feet
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Yards
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• SPG-9 - Base Series Designation
• SPG-9D - Lightweight Airborne Variant
• SPG-9DNM - Bulgarian Army Designation
• SZPG-9 - Hungarian Army Designation
• AG-9 - Romanian Army Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the SPG-9 Kopye (Spear) Recoilless Gun.  Entry last updated on 9/24/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
When the tank emerged as a viable warring platform during World War 1 (1914-1918), it fell to engineers to devise new methods of stopping these steel beasts. As these methods evolved, so too did the tank itself, culminating in the powerhouse offerings of World War 2 and the ensuing Cold War years. By this time, a new line had been drawn in European soil on one side stood the West against the might of the Soviet Union in the East. In 1962, the Soviet Union adopted an all-new recoilless gun - the SPG-9 "Kopye" ("Spear") - intended to provide a more modern hard-hitting, man-portable solution for anti-tank teams. The recoilless weapon preceded the wide-scale use of the Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGMs) seen today. SPG-9 systems replaced the 1950s-era B-10 series in battlefield role and, despite its Cold War heritage, the SPG-9 continues to see combat service in modern conflicts.

The system featured an overall weight of 105lbs which grew to 130lbs when outfitted with its standard tripod mounting. Overall length was 6 feet, 11 inches with a caliber of 73mm through a smoothbore barrel. Loading was manual by the crew of two and the breech was accessible by way of an interrupted screw design. Sighting was through a mounted optics system that included either the base 4x PGO-9 scope or more specialized PGN-9 IR/passive sighting device. The optional tripod provided an elevation range of +7 to -3 degrees while having a traversal reach of 30-degrees. A trained crew could fire up to six rounds-per-minute with projectiles measuring a muzzle velocity of 1,425 feet per second. Effective firing range was listed at approximately 800 meters with an overall engagement range out to 1,200 meters. A typical operating crew was two personnel and transport was often by way of a mover vehicle due to the system's cumbersome length and weight - despite its man-portable classification.

The SPG-9 was eventually cleared to fire various projectile types. The PG-9 proved a standard HEAT-FS (High-Explosive, Anti-Tank, Fin-Stabilized) round penetrating up to 300mm of armor thickness. The OG-9V became a FRAG-HE (FRAGmentation, High-Explosive) projectile with a filling of TNT. There then arose a plethora of other HEAT-FS and FRAG-HE rounds which broadened the tactical value of the SPG-9.

The "recoilless gun" (sometimes, more generically referred to as called "recoilless rifle" despite the use of a smoothbore or rifled barrel) was named as such for its inherent dissipation of some of the propellant gasses seen during the firing action. This action that allowed the weapon system to retard some of the violent recoil effects to which the resulting gasses escaped out through specially-arranged ports usually found at the rear of the weapon. One of the earliest forms of recoilless gun was seen just prior to World War 1. In the scope of the SPG-9, the projectile was given a rocket motor which came into play once the munition had cleared the launcher some 20 meters away.

Since its adoption in the 1960s, the SPG-9 series has found homes in many Soviet-aligned, controlled or supported nations including Afghanistan, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Poland, Sudan, Syria, Vietnam (among others). The weapon has proven choice for the Taliban in fighting across Afghanistan since the 2001 U.S.-led invasion. SPG-9 designates original base units while SPG-D became a lightweight airborne addition. SPG-9DNM was a Bulgarian Army model, SZPG-9 a Hungarian Army model and AG-9 becoming a Romanian Army designation.






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