The HS Produkt HS2000 was originally developed for Croatian Army and police forces seeking a locally designed and produced semi-automatic sidearm of high quality and in-the-field reliability. This pistol was introduced in 1999 in 9x19mm Parabellum form and has since been widely exported to interested military and police customers around the world. Its popularity has been further bolstered through civilian market sales in both Europe and the United States. In the US market, the pistol is well-recognized as the Springfield Armory XD ("XD-9" = "Extreme Duty, 9mm") and sold under the Springfield Armory, Incorporated brand label (since 2002). It was originally brought state-side by HSAmerica in 2000. Design of the HS2000 is attributed to Marko Vukovic.
At its core, the HS2000 is designed around the tried-and-proven short recoil action common to many modern semi-automatic handguns. The pistol features a full-length metal slide atop a textured polymer lower frame/ The pistol grip is integrated into the design as is the trigger unit. The gun has a grip safety device (found at the rear of the grip) and also features no fewer than three other safety mechanisms to help prevent accidental discharges. Later production models have since gone on to introduce an external thumb safety to be found on the frame itself. The spring-loaded magazine is inserted into the pistol grip's base in the usual way and a short section of the slide's rear is ribbed for better gripping when managing the slide itself. The textured gun body makes for a firmer hold by the primary hand. Sighting is through a standard fixed arrangement with optional illuminated night sights available. An accessories mounting bracket is fitted ahead of the trigger unit.
As of January 2014, there are some ten major XD models which largely differ in dimensions and available caliber. Dimensions directly affect barrel lengths which allow the XD to span "super compact" and "compact" forms for concealed carry as well as full-length forms for specialist units and competition shooting. The family includes the XD Sub-Compact, the XD Compact, the XD Service, the XD Ported V-10, the XD Tactical, the XD-S, the XDM 3.8 Compact, the XDM 3.8, the XDM 4.5 and XDM 5.25 Competition (note how numbers indicate barrel length in the XDM line). Magazine capacities are directly related to chambering so they vary widely between the 5-round count of the XD-S (.45 ACP) and the high-capacity 19-round counts of the XDM 3.8 / XDM 4.5 / XDM 5.25 Competition (9x19mm Parabellum). Color options include black, olive, two-tone and dark earth.
The HS2000/Springfield XD has seen adoption by the militaries of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Indonesia, Macedonia, Malaysia and Thailand. Several global police forces have also taken stocks of the sidearm as in Croatia, Iraq and the United States. In the American civilian market, the Springfield XD is a well-traveled, well-liked semi-automatic offering.