The field of anti-tank weaponry appropriately broadened as tank protection increased from the days of World War 1 (1914-1918). Early counters included general artillery, land mines and large-caliber rifle systems. With advancements arising in missile technology, the concept of the anti-tank missile launcher arrived in turn and proved itself the most effective means of stopping a tank at range. The nation of Japan followed other global military powers during the Cold War years in the adoption of a missile-launching system with the purpose of destroying enemy tanks. In 1952, the US occupation of Japan ended which allowed Japan to establish a new local military force through the "Japan Self-Defense Force" (JSDF) which encompassed its ground, air and sea-going component.
In 1957, work by the Defense Agency Technical Research and Development Institute began on a wire-guided, anti-tank missile system with included an armor-defeating missile and a reusable launcher for use by the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF). After requisite testing, further development and trials, the weapon was formally adopted by the JGSDF in 1964 as the "Type 64 MAT", though marked officially as the "Type 64 ATM", with production handled by Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI), KHI would eventually deliver subsequent anti-tank weapons over the next several decades culminating with the all-modern Type 01 series in use today.
The Type 64 ATM was a 16 kilogram missile featuring a 1 meter length and diameter of 120mm. The weapon supported a missile that utilized a hollow charge warhead with contact detonation as well as a two-stage solid rocket motor. The propulsion system allowed for a speed of 278 feet per second while the missile maintained an effective minimum range of 350 meters to a maximum range of 1,800 meters. As a wire-guided development, the Type 64 ATM made use of an "MCLOS" system - "Manual Command Line-Of-Sight"- which provided the operator use of a control system to guide the missile in flight to add some accuracy at range. Fins aided the missile's stability during its flight path. A typical operating crew was three personnel and, due to the system's size, mounting of the launcher on vehicles proved commonplace.
The Type 64 ATM continues to serve in an active capacity today (2014) though in a limited sense due to the arrival of the Type 79 "Jyu-MAT", Type 87 "Chu-MAT" and Type 01 lines (detailed elsewhere on this site). This has placed the Type 64 ATM in a second-line, reserve-minded role. The weapon system may also be referred to under the designations of "64MAT" and "KAM-3". It is reported that only 220 Type 64 ATM units were produced by KHI.
Manufacturing Kawasaki Heavy Industries - Japan
- Anti-Tank / Anti-Material / Breaching
1,020 mm (40.16 in)
1,020 mm (40.16 in)
385.81 lb (175.00 kg)
MCLOS Wire-Guided; Reusable Launcher
3,530 ft (1,076 m; 1,177 yd)
Type 64 MAT - Base Series Designation
Type 64 ATM - Alternative Designation
64MAT - Alternative Designation
KAM-3 - Alternative Designation
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.