Military Factory logo

Palmer Model 1865

United States (1865)
Picture of Palmer Model 1865 Bolt-Action Carbine

Patented in 1863, the Palmer Model 1865 bolt-action carbine arrived too late to see action in the American Civil War.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Palmer Model 1865 Bolt-Action Carbine.  Entry last updated on 11/4/2013; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Palmer Model 1865 Carbine was manufactured under the E.G. Lamson & Company brand label to a W. Palmer patent secured on December 22nd, 1863. Lamson was based out of Windsor, Connecticut and handed the contract to manufacture the Palmer design on a quantitative scale for Union forces during the latter half of the American Civil War (1861-1865). The Model 1865, as it came to be identified, was notable in that it was a bolt-action system - the first such weapon firing a metallic cartridge to be adopted by the United States Army's Ordnance Department. Despite some 1,000 carbines believed produced, the type arrived too late to see combat service in the war. Hostilities formally ceased on May 10th, 1865 while first deliveries did not occur until June. As such, they did not see formal issuance to US Army forces.

Categorized as a "carbine", the weapon was primarily intended for mounted troops who could realistically and effectively wield a typical long gun of the period from horseback. The carbine was, therefore, designed as a shorter alternative, retaining all of the function of their long gun brethren while utilizing a shorter forend and barrel (though at the expense of some useful effective range). This provided the same hard-hitting firepower of a rifle within a more compact, transportable form (the alternative being a pistol or sabre). The carbine could just as easily be issued to fast-moving ground troops for skirmishing as well.

Outwardly, the Model 1865 was an obvious product of the period utilizing a wooden stock with inlaid metal components. There was a slightly-angled grip handle with integrated shoulder stock and the wooden body making up the forend. The barrel and forend were joined by a single barrel band, the barrel protruding a short distance ahead of the bulk of the weapon. The hinged hammer arm sat along the right side of the receiver within each of the primary hand with the bolt-action handle seated along the same side though at the extreme rear of the receiver. A sling ring arrangement was set upon the lockplate on the left side of the weapon. The barrel measured 20 inches long and consisted of a blue casehardened finish while the stock was walnut.

The Palmer design was unique in its use of the bolt-action system - a system still common to many sporting, police and military precision rifles today. A quarter-turn of the handle unlocked the bolt to which a rearward pull was used to extract any spent shell casings residing in the chamber. This then opened the breech for reloading. The hammer was manually cocked and released through the trigger pull as usual. The trigger unit lay under the receiver in the usual way complete with curved trigger assembly and oblong trigger ring. The weapon was chambered for the .54 rimfire cartridge and was of a single-shot design.
Supported Mission Types:
Frontline Issuance
Special Forces
Close Quarters Battle
Sniper
Designated Marksman/Sharpshooter
Suppressed/Silenced
Area Effect/Suppression
Indirect Fire
Airspace Denial
Anti-Material
Attachment Weapon
Aircraft-Mounted
Vehicle-Mounted
Antique/Collectors
Prototype/Development
National Flag Graphic
National Origin: United States
Service Year: 1865
Manufacturer(s): E.G. Lamson and Company - USA
Classification Type: Bolt-Action Carbine
Global Operators:
United States
Structural - Internal Design, Dimensions, and Weights:

Operation
ACTION


System
Manually-Actuated Bolt-Action; Single-Shot


Operation
CALIBER(S)


(Model / Chambering Dependent)
.54 Rimfire


Operation
FEED


(Model / Chambering Dependent)
Single-Shot


Length
OVERALL


Millimeters
635 mm


Inches
25.00 in


Length
BARREL


Millimeters
508 mm


Inches
20.00 in


Ranged
Sights


Arrangement
Iron Front and Rear

Operating Performance (Typical):

Performance
Rate-of-Fire


Rounds-per-Minute
4 rpm

Variants: Series Model Variants
• Model 1865 - Base Series Designation