Model Variants (Including Prototypes)
Model 1891 Infantry Rifle - Base Rifle; underwent a variety of minor modifications up to 1910.
Dragoon Rifle - Shortened Base Rifle for use by cavalry troops.
Cossack Rifle - Shortened Base Rifle similar to the Dragoon Rifle for cavalry troops, sans Bayonet.
Model 1907 Carbine - Shortened and lightened rifle form for use by specialists and mounted troops.
Model 1891/30 - Definitive Rifle Variant; standard issue from 1930 to 1945.
Mode 1891/30 (Sniper) - Fitted with optional telescopic sights.
Model 1938 Carbine - Shortened Rifle form of the M1891/30.
Model 1944 Carbine - Shortened Rifle form replacing the Model 1938 Carbine.
Model 1891/59 Carbine - Shortened M1891/30 rifles; revised rear sights.
M24 ("Lotta Rifle") - Finnish model based on Russian Model 1891; utilized by Civil Guard.
M27 - Finnish Army Designation
M27Rv - Cavalry Carbine based on the M27; 2,217 examples produced.
M28 - Finnish Civil Guard Variant
M28/30 - Upgraded M28 rifles
M91/35 - Proposed M27, M28 and M28/30 replacement; never produced.
M39 - Standardized rifle for the Civil Guard and Finnish Army.
M56 - Finnish experimental version utilizing 7.62mmx39 cartridge.
M28/57 - Finnish 7.62mmx54R cartridge version.
7.62 Tkiv 85 - Modernized sniper-marksman variant; produced by Valmet.
VZ91/38 Carbine - Czech model similar to the Model 1891/59.
VZ54 Sniper Rifle - Czech model based on the Model 1891/30.
Type 53 - Chinese license-production model of the Model 1944 carbine.
M/52 - Hungarian copy of the Model 1891/30 sniper rifle.
M44 Pattern - Hungarian locally-produced version of the Model 1944 Carbine.
M44 Pattern - Romanian locally-produced version of the Model 1944 Carbine.
M91/30 Pattern - Locally-produced version of the Model 1891.
wz. 91/98/23 - Polish designation; chambered for 7.92mmx57 Mauser cartridge; fitting for Russian "spike" bayonet.
wz. 91/98/25 - Polish designation; chambered for 7.92mmx57 Mauser cartridge; fitting for Mauser 1898 bayonet.
wz. 91/98/26 - Polish designation; chambered for 7.92mmx57 Mauser cartridge; fitted for Mauser 1898 bayonet; revised ejector.
M44 Pattern - Polish designation; locally-produced Model 1944 Carbines.
US Rifle, 7.62mm, Model of 1916 - US Designation of Remington Arms-produced Model 1891 rifles.