The Russian Navy has done well in reestablishing itself as one of the top services in the northern hemisphere and this sort of growth, following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, has not come cheap. The result, however, is an all-modern fighting force that can be deployed to far-off parts of the world and attack from offshore locations, from under the water, or from the vast fleet of surface combatants available to the fleet.
In 2014, there began construction of a new class of stealth patrol vessel under the Project 22160 designation. Six have been planned for the group with two already in active service (Vasily Bykov 368 and Dmitriy Rogachev 375), one having completed construction and launched (Pavel Derzhavin), and a further three ready to be added from 2020 to 2022.
The first ship of the class, technically its lead ship, is Vasily Bykov (368) built by the builders at Zelenodolsk Shipyard. Her keel was laid down on February 26th, 2014 and she was launched on August 28th, 2017. Formally commissioned on December 20th, 2018, Bykov serves the Black Sea fleet under active status as of this writing (September 2019).
As completed, Bykov exudes modern design lines and stealth features, complete with a chine hull integrating the upper and lower halves of the ship with broad swathes of slab-sided surfaces. An enclosed turreted deck gun is seated at the forecastle and immediately aft of this is an elevated section of hull containing the bridge and short-profile enclosed main mast. The mast is home to all manner of sensors, processing units, and radar fits to serve in the search, tracking, communications, and weapons direction roles. The hull superstructure is contained forward of midships to which its lines are then stepped and elegantly shape the mid-to-aft sections. A helipad is seated over the stern to support a single navy helicopter (typically the Kamov Ka-27 or Ka-226 types). The smoke funnel, found at midships, is of a low-profile, fully-enclosed design to limit the ship's signature.
Displacement of the class runs between 13,000 and 1,700 tons. Overall length reaches 308 feet with a beam of 46 feet and a draught of 11 feet. Installed power constitutes a COmbined Diesel-and-Gas (CODAG) arrangement involving 2 x Kolomna 16D49 marine diesels outputting 6,000 horsepower for cruising and 2 x M70FRU/M90FRU gas turbine units for high-speed dash actions. To this is added an electric unit comprised of 4 x Diesel generators and an emergency diesel unit. The propulsion scheme allows for a maximum headway speed of 30 knots out to a range of 6,000 miles.
Aboard is a crew of about eighty and stores with fuel supplies allow the ship to remain at sea, on station, for up to 60 days before needing resupply.
Systems, processing units, and self-preservation is provided for by the Pal-N system, Pozitiv-MK radar fits, Sfera-2 opto-electric station, and TK-25 series Electronic Warfare (EW) suite.
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March 2022 - Reports suggest that Vasily Bykov was destroyed by Ukrainian forces by an MLRS system during the Russian invasion of the country, specifically during the attack on Snake Island.
Vasily Bykov (368); Dmitry Rogachev (375); Pavel Derzhavin (); Sergey Kotov (); Viktor Velikiy (); Nikolay Sipyagin ()
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Activities conducted near shorelines in support of allied activities.
Vessel's hull design is such that it can operate in close-to-shore / shallow water environments.
Onboard systems alert and protect the vessel from airborne, low-flying airborne threats through ballistic and / or missile weaponry.
The vessel supports the launching of missiles against airborne, waterborne, or land-based targets at range; typical of modern designs.
Ability to launch torpedoes against ocean-going targets.
308.0 ft 93.88 m
46.0 ft 14.02 m
11.0 ft 3.35 m
2 x Kolomna 16D49 marine diesels developing 6,000 horsepower (for cruising); 2 x M70FRU OR M90FRU gas turbines for dash speeds); arranged in COmbined Diesel-And-Gas (CODAG) configuration.
30.0 kts (34.5 mph)
5,214 nm (6,000 mi | 9,656 km)
kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers
1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
1 x 76.2mm AK-176MA Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun.
2 x 14.5mm MTPU Heavy Machine Guns (HMGs).
1 x DP-65 Automatic Grenade Launcher (AGL).
DP-64 Grenade Launcher (GL).
324mm Paket-NK torpedoes.
Kalibr-NK Anti-Ship Missiles (ASMs).
3M24 "Buk" Anti-Aircraft (AA) missiles.
(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.
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Image released to the Public by the Russian Ministry of Defense.
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