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USS Pennsylvania


Ship-of-the-Line


United States | 1837



"USS Pennsylvania was ordered in 1816 and managed a career into 1861 - at which point she was burned and lost."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/16/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
In 1816, the American Congress, attempting to broaden the strength of the United States Navy (USN), authorized the building of nine sailing warships carrying no fewer than seventy-four guns each. Samuel Humphreys took on the charge of constructing one of the number and this became the 130-gun, three-masted USS Pennsylvania. Ordered on April 29th, 1816, the warship saw her keel laid down during September of 1821 at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. After funding issues delayed her ultimate completion, she was launched on July 18th, 1837 and commissioned later that year for formal service in the USN.

Under load, Pennsylvania displaced 3,240 tons and was given a running length of 210 feet and beam of 56.8 feet (becoming the largest sailing ship ever constructed by American shipbuilders). Her profile was dominated by the three primary masts each carrying sails of various sizes through a "ship rig" arrangement. While range was essentially unlimited, it was restricted by wind availability, onboard food stores, and general crew morale. Aboard was a typical complement of 1,100.

Primary armament centered on over 100 guns set to fire from either side of the hull (via the "broadside" tactic) from across three floors - the Main Deck, Middle Deck, and Lower Deck. The "Spar Deck" was armed with a pair of 9-pounder cannons for close-in work. Thirty-two 32-pdrs were kept on the Main Deck with thirty serving the Middle Deck, and the remaining twenty-eight weapons on the Lower Deck. In 1842, she took on 12 x 8" (203mm) guns which were spread about the Main, Middle, and Lower decks (four to each deck). All told, USS Pennsylvania (built to carry a maximum of 136 guns if needed) compared favorably to the vaunted British First-Rate warships of the period such as the three-masted HMS Victory of 1778 and her 104-gun arrangement.

USS Pennsylvania completed just one voyage in her decades-long career, this from Delaware Bay to the Norfolk Navy Yard. She saw only brief exposure in the fighting of the American Civil War (1861-1865) where she was burned where she berthed by Union forces on April 20th, 1861 to prevent her capture. By this time, she was relegated to "receiving ship" (a floating platform used to temporarily house incoming sailors).

After the war (and sometime before 1870), the remains of the ship were claimed and ultimately scrapped - bringing about her formal end.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for USS Pennsylvania.
None. Three-masted sail arrangement.
Propulsion
8.0 kts
9.2 mph
Surface Speed
Essentially Unlimited
Range
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of USS Pennsylvania.
1,100
Personnel
Complement
210.0 ft
64.01 meters
O/A Length
56.8 ft
17.31 meters
Beam
24.3 ft
7.41 meters
Draught
3,240
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of USS Pennsylvania.
90 x 32-pounder guns (32 x on Main Deck, 30 x on Middle Deck, and 28 x on Lower Deck).
12 x 8" (203mm) cannons (Main Deck, Middle Deck, and Lower Deck from 1842 onwards).
2 x 9-pounder guns (Spar Deck).
Ships-in-Class (1)
Notable series variants as part of the USS Pennsylvania family line as relating to the USS Pensylvania group.
USS Pennsylvania
Operators
Global operator(s) of the USS Pennsylvania. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
1 / 1
Image of the USS Pennsylvania
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
BLUE WATER SERVICE
OFFSHORE OPERATION
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
USS Pennsylvania Ship-of-the-Line appears in the following collections:
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