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USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1)


Tactical Command Cruiser Warship


United States | 1953



"With the end of World War 2 in 1945, USS Northampton was completed as a tactical command cruiser instead of a dedicated cruiser warship for the USN."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/22/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
USS Northampton (CLC-1) became one of a planned ten vessels making up the Oregon City-class heavy cruiser group of the United States Navy (USN) during World War 2 (1939-1945). Six of the lot were ultimately cancelled with the end of the war in August 1945 and Northampton herself had her construction suspended as authorities reevaluated post-war needs. Ultimately reclassified as a Tactical Command Ship, USS Northampton emerged as in 1953 with her revised role.

USS Northampton was built by Bethlehem Steel Corporation of Quincy, Massachusetts and saw her keel laid down on August 31st, 1944 but work was stopped in August of 1945. Construction was resumed in 1948 and she was launched quite some time later on January 27th, 1951. USS Northampton (CLC-1) was officially commissioned for service in the USN on March 7th, 1953.

Because her battlefield role was rewritten while she was still under construction, USS Northampton was not completed with traditional heavy cruiser armament. Instead she carried a modest load out led by 4 x 5" /54 caliber Mark 42 main guns set in four single-gunned turrets. The only other weaponry was 8 x 3" /70 caliber secondary guns arranged in four twin-gunned turrets.

Her profile massed most of the superstructure at midships including specialized antenna, communications and various arrays. Overall length was 675 feet with a beam of 70.9 feet and draught of 26.3 feet. The onboard crew complement numbered 2,000. Power was from four boilers feeding steam turbines generating 120,000 horsepower and driving 4 x shafts under stern. Over the rear of the warship was a helipad capable of launching and retrieving a single helicopter. The ship's displacement reached 14,000 tons. Armor protection ranged from 6" at the belt to 2.5" at the deck.

Her initial assignment took her to Atlantic waters where the new global threat was the Soviet Union. She and her crew evaluated her various systems for months into 1954. She was then granted flagship status for Commander Amphibious Force then Commander 6th Fleet and, finally, Commander Strike Force.

In the mid-1950s, the warship underwent a needed overhaul at Norfolk Naval Shipyard and then moved on to Caribbean waters to train new crews. From there she managed a career that took her across the Atlantic and to European waters filled with friendly port stops at allied countries and training maneuvers with NATO forces in preparation for war with the Soviets. Indeed it was only later revealed that the warship was to be used as a central "base-of-operations" for the White House authorities and related personnel should the worst befall the American mainland due to a Soviet nuclear attack. This afforded the warship special attention and she was appropriately outfitted with equally-special equipment due to this status.

In April of 1961, USS Northampton was reclassified as "CC-1" and maintained station in Atlantic waters for the remainder of her career. The vessel was ultimately decommissioned on April 8th, 1970 and her name was struck from the Naval Register on December 1st, 1977. That same month her stripped hulk was sold for scrapping and this was completed in March of 1980, bringing about a formal end to her sailing days.

For her time at sea, USS Northampton was awarded two National Defense Service Medals.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1).
4 x Boilers feeding 4 x Steam turbines developing 120,000 horsepower and driving 4 x Shafts.
Propulsion
32.5 kts
37.4 mph
Surface Speed
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1).
2,000
Personnel
Complement
675.0 ft
205.74 meters
O/A Length
70.9 ft
21.61 meters
Beam
26.3 ft
8.02 meters
Draught
14,000
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1).
4 x 5" /54 caliber Mark 42 main guns in four single-gunned turrets.
8 x 3" /70 caliber secondary guns in four twin-gunned turrets.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1).
1 x Medium-lift transport helicopter.
Ships-in-Class (10)
Notable series variants as part of the USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1) family line as relating to the Oregon City-class group.
USS Oregon City (CA-122); USS Albany (CA-123/CG-10); USS Rochester (CA-124); USS Northampton (CA-125/CLC-1); USS Cambridge (CA-126) (cancelled); USS Bridgeport (CA-127) (cancelled); USS Kansas City (CA-128) (cancelled); USS Tulsa (CA-129) (cancelled); USS Norfolk (CA-137) (cancelled); USS Scranton (CA-138) (cancelled)
Operators
Global operator(s) of the USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
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Image of the USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1)
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Image of the USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1)
Image from the Public Domain.
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Image of the USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1)
Image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
BROWN WATER SERVICE
OFFSHORE BOMBARDMENT
LAND-ATTACK
MARITIME PATROL
AIRSPACE DENIAL
FLEET SUPPORT
SHIP-TO-SHORE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
USS Northampton (CLC-1) / (CC-1) Tactical Command Cruiser Warship appears in the following collections:
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