Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Scale (2024) Special Forces

SMS Breslau (Midilli)

Cruiser Warship

Imperial Germany | 1912

"SMS Breslau was one of two German ships - the other being SMS Goeben - to be sold off to the Ottoman Empire in the Escape of 1914."

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for SMS Breslau (Midilli).
16 x Water-tube boilers feeding 2 x AEG-Vulcan steam turbines developing 25,000 horsepower to 2 x Shafts.
27.5 kts
31.6 mph
Surface Speed
5,822 nm
6,700 miles | 10,783 km
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of SMS Breslau (Midilli).
455.0 ft
138.68 meters
O/A Length
44.2 ft
13.47 meters
14.4 ft
4.39 meters
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of SMS Breslau (Midilli).
As Built:
12 x 10.5cm (105mm) SK L/45 main guns
2 x 50cm (500mm) torpedo tubes
120 x Naval mines.

8 x 15cm (150mm) SK /45 main guns.
2 x 50cm (500mm) torpedo tubes
120 x Naval mines.
Ships-in-Class (4)
Notable series variants as part of the SMS Breslau (Midilli) family line as relating to the Magdeburg-class group.
SMS Magdeburg; SMS Breslau; SMS Strassburg; SMS Stralsund
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/31/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Prior to the fighting of World War 1 (1914-1918), the German Empire entered into a naval arms race with Great Britain. This involved an expansion of the Navy budget as well as completion of a canal running through Kiel that gave the nation access to the North Sea. In 1910, work began on a new four-strong class of light cruisers known as the Magdeburg-class. This group ultimately encompassed SMS Magdeburg herself as well as sisters SMS Breslau, SMS Strassburg and SMS Stralsund.

SMS Breslau was built by A.G.Vulcan and laid down in 1910. She was launched on May 16th, 1911 and formally commissioned for service on May 10th, 1912. Named after the then-German city of Breslau (now Polish Wroclaw), SMS Breslau managed a fighting career into early 1918 when she was serving under the Ottoman Empire flag.

As built, SMS Breslau displaced 4,570 tons (short) and held a length of 455 feet, a beam of 44.2 feet and a draught of 14.4 feet. Power was from 16 x water-tube boilers feeding 2 x AEG-Vulcan steam turbines developing 25,000 horsepower to 2 x Shafts. The vessel could make headway at over 27knots and range was out to 5,820 nautical miles. Onboard were 336 enlisted personnel along with 18 officers. Armor protection ranged from 2.4" at the belt to 3.9" at the conning tower.

Her original armament scheme involved 12 x 10.5cm (105mm) SK L/45 main guns and this was backed by 2 x 500mm torpedo tubes. She also carried some 120 mines for mine laying.

Assigned to Mediterranean waters, her first posting was in response to the two Balkan Wars fought by multiple parties. Both Germany and Austria-Hungary had interest in the outcome of these wars which began to rewrite the geographic and political landscape of Europe and push the continent ever-closer to war. From there, World War 1 arrived in the summer of 1914 and Breslau continued to operate in the theater, namely to thwart any French naval movement between North Africa (Algeria) and France proper. Along with SMS Goeben, the warship shelled Bone and Philippeville (August 3rd, 1914) though little damage was reported. From there the pair were chased down by British warships and were forced to seek the relative safety of Ottoman waters. To help sway Ottoman entry into the war on the side of the Central Powers, both SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben were transferred to Ottoman Navy service at which point they were renamed "Midilli" and "Yavuz Sultan Selim", respectively.

In Ottoman Navy service, the two powerful cruisers were charged with actions in the Black Sea against the Russia Empire. Various attack sorties were had involving the ships and some missions included mining of strategic waterways like the mouth of the Danube River. At the end of 1916, the Ottoman Navy lacked the coal reserves necessary to keep the two warships as active as they wanted so offensive-minded sorties were curtailed. During 1917, the warship lost four of her 150mm main guns. In May of 1917, Midilli's mining of the mouth of the Danube River eventually claimed a Russian destroyer. The last recorded actions the warship and the Russians was in June of 1917.

At the Battle of Imbros, had on January 20th, 1918, a combined Turkish and German force faced a combined force of British and Greeks near the Dardanelles in the Agean Sea. The engagement ended as an Allied strategic victory and claimed Midilli when she took damage from five naval mines. The damage was so severe that little could be done to save both ship and most of her crew - 330 perished.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Global operator(s) of the SMS Breslau (Midilli). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of the German Empire National flag of Turkey

[ German Empire; Ottoman Empire (Turkey) (as Midilli) ]
1 / 1
Image of the SMS Breslau (Midilli)
Image from the German Federal archives.

Going Further...
SMS Breslau (Midilli) Cruiser Warship appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks of the World U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols Breakdown U.S. 5-Star Generals List WWII Weapons by Country World War Next

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)