×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE
MODERN FLEETS
COUNTRIES
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 1

HMS Colossus


Dreadnought Battleship (1911)


Naval Warfare

1 / 1
Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

HMS Colossus led its two-strong class and was featured in the famous Battle of Jutland concerning World War 1.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 12/17/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
HMS Colossus was born out of an expedited measure on the part of the British Navy to expand its power, particularly as there were rumors of Germany conducting secret construction of its own new fleet of "Dreadnought" warships. With HMS Dreadnought having redrawn the design of the battleship when commissioned in 1906, HMS Colossus followed with a similar "all-big-gun" armament approach and steam turbine propulsion machinery to form a two-strong group of warships that included sister HMS Hercules. Approved in 1909, HMS Colossus saw her keel laid down by Scotts Greenock on July 8th of that year and she was launched to sea on April 9th, 1910 before being formally commissioned on August 8th, 1911. When introduced, HMS Colossus and her sister marked some of the last British steel warships to carry the 12" gun model as a primary battery - there proved a shift to the more potent 13.5" gun model with newer designs thereafter.

HMS Colossus and her sister benefitted in design over existing Dreadnought-type warships in that they were given greater armor protection. Armor protection reached 11" at the belt and turrets and 3" at the deck. To compensate for the expected weight gain, the aft-mast was excluded. The foremast remained but was integrated into the forward funnel which eventually presented some issues with the fire control system in play. Two smoke funnels dotted her silhouette in profile and her displacement reached 22,700 tons under full load. Dimensions included a length of 546 feet, a beam of 85 feet and a draught of 26 feet. Power was served through 18 x boilers feeding 4 x steam turbines driving 25,000 horsepower to 4 x shafts. Maximum speed in ideal conditions reached 21 knots. The crew numbered 755 in peace time a service though this total climbed to approximately 800 under war conditions.

At the heart of this warship was its armament fit led by 10 x 12" (304.8mm) BL Mk XII main guns held in five turrets fielding two guns apiece. One turret was set in the "A" position overlooking the forecastle with two centered around midships. The final two turrets lay towards the stern and gave the Colossus a fearsome broadside. Secondary armament was 16 x 4" (101.6mm) BL Mk VII guns. Colossus also carried 3 x 21" torpedo tubes which was a common practice concerning warships of the day.

HMS Colossus' first assignments were as part of the 2nd Battle Squadron (Home Fleet). She arrived in service just in time to take part in the first grand conflict of the 20th Century - World War 1 began in the summer of 1914 and would cover some four long years of fighting. In August of that year, HMS Colossus was made flagship of the 1st Battle Squadron.

The Battle of Jutland of May-June 1916 was the greatest naval battle of the First World War and involved participants Britain, Australia and Canada against Imperial Germany. The forces included 28 battleships to 16 battleships (respectively) as well as a slew of other lesser ship types. Germany sought to entice the Grand Fleet to combat in an attempt to break the British blockade enacted against the country - the blockade serving to severely hamper its merchant force. In the end, both sides claimed the victory and history marked the engagement as "tactically inconclusive" - though a "strategic victory" for the Allies. During the Battle, HMS Colossus took two direct hits that resulted in minor damage to her forward section but survived to fight another day.

From June 1916 until September 1917, Colossus was recalled for a refit. She followed the Grand Fleet to Rosyth for April 1918. The war drew to a close with the Armistice of November 1918. The Grand Fleet was then disbanded and HMS Colossus was given charge as flagship of the Reserve Fleet. By June 1921, her war-making value was limited by the restrictions set about through the Washington Naval Treaty. Marked for scrapping she was salvaged as a cadet training ship but her luck ran out in 1923 when she was sold off and ultimately scrapped by the end of 1928.

Specifications



Service Year
1911

Origin
United Kingdom national flag graphic
United Kingdom

Complement
755
PERSONNEL


Class
Colossus-class
Number-in-Class
2
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


HMS Colossus; HMS Hercules


National flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Land-Attack
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.
Flag Ship / Capital Ship
Serving in the fleet Flag Ship role or Capital Ship in older warship designs / terminology.


Length
546.0 ft
166.42 m
Beam
85.0 ft
25.91 m
Draught
26.3 ft
8.02 m
Displacement
19,700
tons


Installed Power: 18 x Boilers feeding 4 x Steam Turbines driving 25,000 horsepower to 4 x Shafts.
Surface Speed
21.0 kts
(24.2 mph)
Range
6,604 nm
(7,600 mi | 12,231 km)


10 x 12" BL Mk XII main guns in five twin-gunned turrets
16 x 4" BL Mk VII secondary guns
3 x 21" torpedo tubes


Supported Types


Graphical image of a historical warship turreted main gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
None.


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-