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CNS Yanan (106)

Guided-Missile Destroyer Warship

China | 2022

"CNS Yanan 106 is one of the latest PLAN additions to the Type 055-class guided-missile destroyer line."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/14/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
CNS Yana (106) is a guided-missile destroyer of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China. She belongs to the Type 055 class and is recognized by NATO under the "Renhai" name. The 13,000-ton warship was commissioned in 2022 and currently (2023) serves the South Sea Fleet.

The Type 055-class is a planned 16-strong group of guided-missile warships. Construction of the lot began in 2014 and is ongoing with commissioned service having begun in 2020. Eight hulls have been completed as of this writing.

Dimensionally, the ships have a running length of 590.6 feet with a beam of 65.6 feet, and a draught of 21.7 feet. Power is in the COGAG (COmbined Gas-And-Gas) arrangement encompassing 6 x QD-50 turbine generators of 6,700 horsepower each with 4 x QC-280 gas turbines of 38,000 horsepower each driving 2 x Shafts astern. Total horsepower of the gas turbine arrangement exceeds 150,000 output giving the warships an ocean-going speed of 30 knots out to a range of 5,000 nautical miles.

Aboard is a complement of 300 and the hull is outfitted with the Type 346B Dragon Eye C/S-band radar system and X-band radar. A complete Electronic Warfare (EW) system is integrated into the design. Over the rear of the hull is supported one or two medium-lift helicopter types for Over-the-Horizon (OtH) work including Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), at-sea resupply, and Search and Rescue (SAR).

Armament includes a 130mm H/PJ-38 series turreted deck gun, 1 x 112 Vertical Launching System (VLS) cells, 1 x 24-cell HQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launcher, 1 x 30mm H/P J-11 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS), and 2 x 324mm triple-torpedo tubes. The VLS supports SAM, anti-ship, and land-attack missiles. The broad spectrum of armament options gives the warships a multi-mission capability and allows them to operate independently or as part of the main fighting force.

The profile of these ships is consistent with modern destroyer design. The seats the single turreted deck gun ahead of the VLS with the bridge section just aft. The main mast is enclosed and integrated to the bridge section's superstructure. The smoke funnels are then integrated to the superstructure as well and are of a low-profile enclosed design. The hull superstructure steps down aft of midships before the raised hangar area. The hanger leads directly out to the helipad which is set over the stern.

Despite their limited numbers to date, the Type 055 class appears - at least on paper - as a formidable group of fighting ships. However, they remain largely unproven in any sort of combat environment.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for CNS Yanan (106).
4 x QD-50 turbine generators outputting 6,700 horsepower each; 4 x QC-280 gas turbines developing 38,000 horsepower each; 2 x Shafts astern.
30.0 kts
34.5 mph
Surface Speed
5,023 nm
5,780 miles | 9,302 km
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of CNS Yanan (106).
590.6 ft
180.01 meters
O/A Length
65.6 ft
19.99 meters
21.7 ft
6.61 meters
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of CNS Yanan (106).
1 x 130mm H/PJ-38 turreted deck gun.
1 x 112-cell Vertical Launching System (VLS) supporting Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM), land-attack, and anti-ship missiles.
1 x 24-cell HQ-10- SAM launcher.
1 x 30mm H/PJ-11 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS).
2 x 324mm triple torpedo tubes.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of CNS Yanan (106).
1 OR 2 x Medium-lift navy helicopters supported from the stern-based hangar-helipad deck area.
Ships-in-Class (16)
Notable series variants as part of the CNS Yanan (106) family line as relating to the Type 055-class (Renhai-class) group.
CNS Nanchang (101); CNS Lhasa (102); CNS Anshan (103); CNS Wuxi (104); CNS Dalian (105); CNS Yanan (106); CNS Zunyi (107); CNS Xiangyanf (108)
Global operator(s) of the CNS Yanan (106). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.

Shipbuilder(s): Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company - China
National flag of China

[ China ]
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Image of the CNS Yanan (106)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
CNS Yanan (106) Guided-Missile Destroyer Warship appears in the following collections:
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