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CNS Luoyang (527)

Light Guided-Missile Frigate Warship

China | 2005

"Commissioned in early-2005, CNS Luoyang 527 continues to serve the modern Chinese Navy despite its age."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/29/2024 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
CNS Luoyang (527) is an aging light-class guided-missile frigate serving the modern People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China. The warship belongs to the Type 053H3 light-class frigate group, known to NATO as the "Jiangwei-II" class, and these hulls succeeded the lighter Type 053H1G and Type 053H1 light types in service (built in the mid-1990s). The 3,900 ton Type 054 ("Jiangkai-I") class succeeds both designs though only through two hulls, Ma'anshan and Wenzhou, and these commissioned in 2005. Ten total Type 053H3 frigate hulls were completed by Chinese shipbuilding industry for the PLAN of which two were eventually sold off to the Bangladesh Navy.

The 2,400 ton Luoyang bears the name of the Chinese city found in the Henan province. She was launched on August 1st, 2004 and formally commissioned into service in January of 2005. The warship maintains an active presence in the South Sea Fleet of the PLAN as of mid-2024.

Taken as a whole, the Type 053H3 guided-missile frigate is a throwback to the immediate post-Cold War period and thus is partially influenced by the Soviet style of warship design. The vessels have a stepped appearance from bow-to-stern with their absolute height seated at the main mast. The forecastle is dominated by a single turreted deck gun emplacement. Smaller-caliber guns and a trainable launcher are positioned aft of the turret but ahead of the bridge superstructure section. A myriad of protrusions are present throughout the arrangement of the ship, owing to the Soviet Cold War influence. The superstructure is cut down rather abruptly at the stern where a single-helicopter flight deck resides. A Harbin Z-9C (or equivalent) medium-lift navalized helo is supported there complete with a full-service hangar facility is attached to the flight deck for at-sea support.

Officially, the warships displace at 2,393 tons under full load. Overall length is 367.4 feet with a beam measuring 40.7 feet and a draught of 14 feet. Internally, power is provided through a COmbined Diesel-And-Diesel (CODAD) propulsion scheme arrangement involving 2 x 18E390VA diesel engines of 23,600 horsepower and 2 x MTU (German) diesels of 8,715 horsepower. This combination scheme allows the vessel to maximize fuel efficiency depending on desired action - cruising or dashing. The warships can reach speeds of 28 knots in open water under ideal conditions and range out to 5,000 nautical miles as a result.

Aboard is a crew complement of 168 with thirty of these personnel made up of officers. Installed systems include the Type 360 series radar, the Type 517H-1 2D air-search radar, and the Type 352 fire-control unit. A pair of Racal RM-1290 units provide navigation assistance.

Installed armament is led by a 100mm PJ33A twin-barreled Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun. This is backed by 8 x YJ-83 Surface-to-Surface Missiles (SSMs) spread across a pair of 4-cell launcher units. There is a single 8-cell HQ-7 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launcher to deal with aerial threats at-range. Close-in defense is covered by 4 x 37mm Type 76A twin-barreled Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns. Rounding out the armament suite are 2 x 6-tube Type 3200 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) rocket launchers (36 reloads) and a pair of Depth Charge dispensers.

CNS Luoyang (527) was photographed as recently as February 2024 undertaking at-sea drills and exercises with accompanying PLAN forces.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for CNS Luoyang (527).
CODAD (COmbined Diesel-And-Diesel): 2 x 18E390VA marine diesels outputting 23,600 horsepower with 2 x MTU diesel engines offering 8,715 horsepower; 2 x Shafts astern.
28.0 kts
32.2 mph
Surface Speed
5,040 nm
5,800 miles | 9,334 km
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of CNS Luoyang (527).
367.4 ft
111.98 meters
O/A Length
40.7 ft
12.41 meters
14.0 ft
4.27 meters
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of CNS Luoyang (527).
1 x 100mm PJ33A twin-gunned turret set over the forecastle.
2 x 4-cell YJ-83 Surface-to-Surface Missile (SSM) launchers.
1 x 8-cell HQ-7 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launcher.
4 x 37mm Type 76A twin-gunned Anti-Aircraft (AA) autocannons).
2 x 6-tube Type 3200 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) launchers (36 reloads).
2 x Depth Charge racks.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of CNS Luoyang (527).
1 x Harbin Z-9C (or equivalent) navalized helicopter supported from the stern-based helipad/hangar deck area.
Ships-in-Class (10)
Notable series variants as part of the CNS Luoyang (527) family line as relating to the Type 053H3 (Jiangwei-II class) group.
CHINA: CNS Jiaxing (521); CNS Lianyungang (522); CNS Putian (523); CNS Yichang (564); CNS Huludao (565); CNS Sanming (524); CNS Xiangyang (567); CNS Huaihua (566); CNS Luoyang (527); CNS Mianyang (528); BANGLADESH: BNS Umar Farooq (F-16; ex-Lianyungang); BNS Abu Ubaidah (F-19. ex-Putian)
Global operator(s) of the CNS Luoyang (527). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.

Shipbuilder(s): Hudong (Shanghai) - China
National flag of China

[ China ]
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Image of the CNS Luoyang (527)
Image from the Chinese MoD; Public Release.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
CNS Luoyang (527) Light Guided-Missile Frigate Warship appears in the following collections:
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