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CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D)


Guided-Missile Destroyer Warship


China | 2015



"Entering service in 2015, CNS Hefei 174 serves the modern Chinese Navy in the guided-missile destroyer role."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/30/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
CNS Hefei (174) guided-missile destroyer is one of about twelve vessels related to the Type 052D destroyer class of the modern People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN, the Chinese Navy). The destroyers are of an all-modern standard, centered around a displacement of about 7,500 tons under full load, carrying missile-heavy armament, and capable of speeds as fast as 30 knots. Hefei (174) is the third named ship-of-the-class and was commissioned into service with the PLAN on December 12th, 2015. She is currently under active status with the South China Fleet.

The vessel is conventional as modern warships go: the forecastle is largely unobstructed save for a single turreted main gun emplacement, vertical missile launching bay, and raised bow superstructure. Integrated to the bridge section is the enclosed main mast and, aft of this, is a sharp drop leading to the low-profile, enclosed smoke funnels. A secondary mast is set aft of midships with the aft-superstructure seated thereafter. The stern is dominated by the single-helicopter helipad. The warship can service helicopters from its built-in hangar facility and launch/retrieve such types from the helipad. These units are typically outfitted for the submarine or ship-hunting role and aid the vessel as an "eye-in-the-sky" for Over-the-Horizon (OtH) work. Additionally, the helipad is useful in receiving at-sea replenishment by air.

Dimensions include a running length of 515 feet with a beam measuring 56 feet and a draught down to 20 feet.

Armament includes a single 30mm turreted main gun system over the bow but the warship's primary weapon is a 64-cell Vertical Launch System (VLS) able to house Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM), Anti-Ship Missile (ASM), and Surface-to-Surface Missile (SSM) type weapons. This includes cruise missiles for inland attacks from the sea. The cells are divided into fore and aft bays with each housing 32 missiles. A digital Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) is fitted as standard for short-ranged defense against low-flying aerial threats. All told, the vessel can serve in the airspace deterrent role, engage other warships, hunt submarines, or attack land-based targets as needed - making her a true multi-mission platform.

It is believed that the ship carries a battle system comparable to the vaunted American "AEGIS" system - capable of handling multiple threats simultaneously by way of powerful computer processing systems and radar technology. The radar fit is the Type 346A/Type 518 L-band system (Active, Electronically-Scanned Array (AESA)). A towed sonar array and variable depth sonar are both carried for sub-hunting. A protected data link allows for information sharing with other Chinese military units in real time.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D).
CODOG (COmbined Diesel-Or-Gas): 2 x QC-280 gas turbines developing 37,550 horsepower with 2 x MTU 20V 956TB92 marine diesel units developing 8,045 horsepower; 2 x Shafts.
Propulsion
31.0 kts
35.7 mph
Surface Speed
4,779 nm
5,500 miles | 8,851 km
Range
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D).
280
Personnel
Complement
515.0 ft
156.97 meters
O/A Length
56.0 ft
17.07 meters
Beam
20.0 ft
6.10 meters
Draught
7,500
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D).
1 x 130mm H/PJ-45A Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun.
1 x 64-cell Vertical Launch System (VLS) supporting CY-5, CJ-10, YJ-18, YJ-83, and HHQ-9 missiles (land-attack or surface-to-air types).
1 x 24-cell HHQ-10 short-ranged Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launcher.
2 x 30mm Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs).
1 x H/PJ-11/-12 CWIS.
2 x 533mm Triple torpedo tubes.
4 x 18-tube decoy rocket launchers.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D).
1 x Medium-lift navy helicopter supported through stern-based helipad/hangar combination facilities.
Ships-in-Class (26)
Notable series variants as part of the CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D) family line as relating to the Type 052D (175m Standard) group.
157m Standard: CNS Kunming (172); CNS Changsha (173); CNS Hafei (174); CNS Yinchuan (175); CNS Xining (117); CNS Xiamen (154); CNS Urumqi (118); CNS Nanjing (155); CNS Taiyuan (131); CNS Hohhot (161); CNS Guiyang (119); CNS Chengdu (120); CNS Qiqihar (121); 160m Variant: CNS Zibo (); CNS Ganzhou (); Unnamned Ship #16; Unnamed Ship #17; Unnamed Ship #18; Unnamed Ship #19; Unnamed Ship #20; Unnamed Ship #21; Unnamed Ship #22; Unnamed Ship #23; Unnamed Ship #24
Operators
Global operator(s) of the CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of China

[ China ]
1 / 1
Image of the CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
BLUE WATER SERVICE
OFFSHORE BOMBARDMENT
LAND-ATTACK
MARITIME PATROL
AIRSPACE DENIAL
FLEET SUPPORT
SHIP-TO-SHORE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
CNS Hefei (174) / (Type 052D) Guided-Missile Destroyer Warship appears in the following collections:
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