×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE
MODERN FLEETS
COUNTRIES
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2

USS Independence (CVL-22)


Conventionally-Powered Light Aircraft Carrier (1943)


Naval Warfare

1 / 1
Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

USS Independence CVL-22 survived critical operations of World War 2 only to be expended as a target in atomic tests following the conflict.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/26/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Advertisements
USS Independence (CVL-22) was a conventionally-powered aircraft carrier ordered in the build up to World War 2 (1939-1945) and delivered during the conflict itself. She saw her keel laid down on May 1st, 1941 by New York Shipbuilding Corporation and was subsequently launched on August 22nd, 1942. USS Independence was formally commissioned on January 14th, 1943 to begin her wartime career - which spanned the length of the war (1945).

USS Independence headed the Independence-class of carriers which numbered nine total vessels born from the Cleveland light cruiser design. The cruisers were converted to light carriers in response to the growing threat of another war in Europe, the Cleveland design pushed ahead at speed to present the USN with viable carriers until the full effect of the Essex-class could be had on the service going forward.

USS Independence featured its island superstructure set well ahead of midships along the starboard side of the hull. Its flight deck was left largely unobstructed to support the launching and recovery of its fixed=wing stock of aircraft. As originally designed, the vessel was intended to carry some thirty total aircraft made up of fighters, bombers and dive bombers. During war time, its inventory was typically increased to number about 34 aircraft in all. Its design roots in the Cleveland-class were clearly seen in the hull, the sharply pointed bow paying tribute to its cruiser origins. Four smoke funnels were also lined up along the starboard side (aft of the island superstructure). Dimensions included a length of 623 feet, a beam measuring 109 feet and a draught down to 26 feet. Her displacement was 14,750 tons under load.

Power to the vessel was through four boilers coupled to General Electric turbines delivering 100,000 horsepower to 4 x shafts. This allowed the vessel to make headway at 31 knots in ideal conditions with a range out to 13,000 nautical miles (when running at about 15 knots steady). Her complete crew numbered 1,569 officers and enlisted personnel including the air arm. Standard armament was completely Anti-Aircraft (AA) in its approach - 26 x 40mm Bofors guns being fitted to protect the warship.

As part of the Cleveland group of ships, USS Independence was originally laid down as USS Amsterdam (CL-59) but revised with the "CV-22" following her revision and re-categorization. During 1943 she traversed the Panama Canal and made her way West to form part of the Pacific Fleet. From there USS Independence recorded operational contributions to several of the major World War 2 campaigns between the United States and the Japanese: Rabaul, the Gilbert Islands, the Philippines, Okinawa and Japan proper were all eventually tied to her service history. She took an enemy torpedo during actions at Tarawa which required her to be relocated stateside for in-depth repairs. It was at this time that she was given support for night time operations which increased her tactical value considerably from mid-1944 onward. Air strikes against the Japanese mainland marked her last sorties launched against the enemy before she entered Tokyo waters for the Japanese surrender.

Her final contribution to the Grand Conflict was as part of "Operation Magic Carpet", the initiative to bring service personnel back stateside by the thousands. Once this was completed, she served as a target during atomic testing where her radioactive hull was researched at length. USS Independence was decommissioned on August 28th, 1946 and scuttled near the Farallon Islands where her remains contaminated nearby waters - impacting wildlife and industry in the region.

Specifications



Service Year
1943

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Complement
1,569
PERSONNEL


Class
Independence-class
Number-in-Class
9
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


USS Independence (CVL-22); USS Princeton (CVL-23); USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24); USS Cowpens (CVL-25); USS Monterey (CVL-26); USS Langley (CVL-27); USS Cabot (CVL-28); USS Bataan (CVL-29); USS San Jacinto (CVL-30)


National flag of the United States United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Flag Ship / Capital Ship
Serving in the fleet Flag Ship role or Capital Ship in older warship designs / terminology.


Length
623.0 ft
189.89 m
Beam
109.2 ft
33.28 m
Draught
24.3 ft
7.41 m
Displacement
12,000
tons


Installed Power: 4 x Boilers with 4 x General Electric turbines driving 100,000 shaft horsepower to 4 x shafts.
Surface Speed
31.0 kts
(35.7 mph)
Range
13,035 nm
(15,000 mi | 24,140 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
26 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
34 x Aircraft of various makes and models; mix of fighters, dive bombers, and torpedo bombers.


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-