Hetman Sahaydachniy (U130) is a multi-role frigate in service with the modern Ukrainian Navy. Ordered in 1991, she was originally intended to serve as part of the Soviet Navy until the fall of the Empire from 1989 to 1991 coupled with the subsequent independence of Ukraine rendered her a permanent fixture of the Ukrainian Navy. The vessel was ordered during 1991 and constructed by the Zalyv Shipbuilding Yard near Sevastopol with access to the Black Sea. She was launched on March 29th, 1992 and officially commissioned on April 2nd, 1993. The vessel makes her home out of the storied port of Sevastopol and currently serves as the flagship of the Ukranian Navy. As of this writing (March 2014), she remains in active status (also known under the name of Hetman Petr Sagadachny U-130).
In general, the modern naval frigate serves to defend other ships of the main fleet as well as undertake anti-submarine operations. Hetman Sahaydachniy is part of the Soviet-era Project 1135 Burevestnik-class which NATO recognized as "Krivak". There are three distinct sub-classes of the group of which Hetman Sahaydachniy belongs to "Krivak III". 40 total ships were produced under the Soviet flag and only one serves with the Ukranian Navy.
As built, Hetman Sahaydachniy displaces at 3,560 tons under full load. Her length measures 404 feet with a beam of 46 feet, 7 inches and a draught of 15 feet, 5 inches. Power is through a COGAG (COmbined Gas And Gas) arrangement featuring 2 x M-8k series gas turbines developing 40,000 shaft horsepower. This is in addition to 2 x M-62 gas turbines developing 14,950 shaft horsepower. The M-8k engines power the craft during sprints while the M-62 engines propel the vessel under typical cruise conditions. Engines drive power to 2 x shafts. Maximum speed (in ideal conditions) is approximately 32 knots with a range out to 3,500 nautical miles.
Hetman Sahaydachniy is crewed by 180 to 200 personnel made up of officers and sailors. Her armament consists of 1 x 9K33 "Osa" surface-to-air missile (SAM) launcher (twin launchers) with some twenty reloads of 9M-33 series missiles. Conventional firepower is laid down through the 1 x 100mm AK-100 naval gun located in a turret at the bow. Short-ranged defense is through the 2 x 30mm AK-630 series Close-In Weapon System (CIWS). Undersea and on-water threats are countered through the 2 x 533mm (21") torpedo launchers (quad launchers) while further anti-submarine measures are handled through the 2 x RBU-6000 anti-submarine rocket launcher installations. A helipad at the stern serves up to 2 x Kamov Ka-27 "Helix" anti-submarine helicopters.
Under the Ukrainian naval flag, Hetman Sahaydachniy has undertaken various voyages to date (2014). One of her first outings was in French waters to honor the fallen at the 50th anniversary of the World War 2 D-Day landings of northern France. From there, she visited ports in the Middle East, the United States and the Mediterranean to help build the Ukrainian international network as well as national prestige. From 2006 into 2007, the vessel was taken in for repairs. In 2008, she was again on water and served as part of NATO contingent during "Operation Active Endeavor", further strengthening ties with the West. During February of 2013, the vessel formed an active portion of the NATO anti-piracy force during "Operation Ocean Shield" near Somalia.
Heading into March 2014, Hetman Sahaydachniy had been called back to home waters by Kiev officials due to Russia having moved additional forces into the Crimean Peninsula amidst recent turmoil in the Ukraine. One early report suggested that the vessel had taken the Russian side, even flying Russian colors, though the report was debunked within days by the commanding officer of Hetman Sahaydachniy himself. Russia and Ukraine signed a treaty in 1997 allowing the Russian government to station up to 25,000 troops in Crimea.
November 2016 - It was announced that Hetman Sahaydachny, along with several other fleet ships, would be given repairs and a modernization through a $500 million USD aid package by the United States. Some $30 million of this will be set aside to upgrade the Ukrainian Fleet. Hetman Sahaydachny will remain the fleet's active flagship.
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