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Type 92 Chiyoda

6x6 Wheeled Armored Car

Imperial Japan | 1931

"The Type 92 Chiyoda arrived for the Japanese military during the early 1930s and was a functional part of the Japanese invasion of China in 1937."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 11/13/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
In the early 1930s, the Chiyoda Motor Car Factory headed the design and development of a new armored car for service with the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA). A 6x6 wheeled configuration was utilized with the chassis based on the company's Type Q series trucks. Solid rubber tires with solid wheels and an armored superstructure were added to the chassis to produce the Chiyoda Armored Car, also known as the Type 92 in IJA service.

Armor protection shielded the vehicle from the front to the rear. The engine compartment was shrouded over with a slotted grille at the front. The headlamps came complete with faceted armor sheets. The driver, his position aft of the engine compartment, was seated at front right. A machine gunner's position (1 x Type 11 of 6.5mm) was arranged to his left. Additionally the hull superstructure contained several gun ports for the crew to use their personal weapons. The crew complement typically numbered five and this included the driver, vehicle commander and three dedicated machine gunners.

To the top of the armored superstructure was added a fully-traversing machine gun-armed turret. The cylindrical turret, housing a machine gun (1 x Type 11) at its forward face, was also armored against small arms fire and featured a slope angle along its starboard side to mount an upward-facing machine gun (1 x Type 11).

The vehicle weighed 5.6 tons and armor protection reached up to 6mm in thickness across the various facings. The car exhibited an overall length of 5 meters with a width of 1.9 meters and height of 2.6 meters. Power was derived from a single Wolseley 4-cylinder gasoline-fueled engine outputting 75 horsepower. Road speeds could reach 60 kmh.

At the time of its introduction, the Type 92 marked the first Japanese armored car of local design and manufacture. Up to this point, the IJA had relied on many foreign types to fulfill the role.

The Type 92 emerged from testing and entered formal service in 1931 and quickly took part in the Japanese campaigns against China. About 200 of the type were delivered for service into World War 2 (1939-1945). Beyond their infantry support duties, the cars were used for local security service of captured territories as the Japanese Army made their advance. Before their service was up, the cars were equipped with the more capable Type 91 6.5mm vehicle machine gun.

In time, the Type cars had run their course and, as soon as 1937, the line were being given up in favor of the Type 97 Te-Ke tankette series. The tankette offered nearly the same mobility but improved protection (up to 16mm) and firepower (1 x 37mm cannon; 1 x Type 97 7.7mm machine gun) and numbers reached 616 examples.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Type 92 Chiyoda 6x6 Wheeled Armored Car.
1 x Wolseley 4-cylinder gasoline-fueled engine developing 75 horsepower.
Installed Power
37 mph
60 kph
Road Speed
149 miles
240 km
The physical qualities of the Type 92 Chiyoda 6x6 Wheeled Armored Car.
16.4 ft
5 meters
O/A Length
6.2 ft
1.9 meters
O/A Width
8.5 ft
2.6 meters
O/A Height
12,346 lb
5,600 kg | 6.2 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Type 92 Chiyoda 6x6 Wheeled Armored Car.
3 x 6.5mm Type 11 machine guns

3 x 6.5mm Type 91 machine guns
Not Available.
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Notable series variants as part of the Type 92 Chiyoda family line.
Type 92 "Chiyoda" - Base Series Designation
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Type 92 Chiyoda. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 200 Units

Contractor(s): Chiyoda Motor Car Factory - Imperial Japan
National flag of modern Japan

[ Imperial Japan ]
1 / 1
Image of the Type 92 Chiyoda
Image from the Public Domain.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Type 92 Chiyoda 6x6 Wheeled Armored Car appears in the following collections:
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