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Sumida M.2593 (Type 91)


Railway / Reconnaissance Armored Car


Imperial Japan | 1933



"The Sumida M.2593 Armored Car design proved useful to the Japanese military in its invasion of China during World War 2 for its ability to traverse roads as well as rails."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/01/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Like other world powers of World War 2 (1939-1945), the Japanese Empire employed a variety of cost-effective armored car designs in the conflict. One example was the Sumida M.2593 to emerge from the Ishikawajima Motorcar Factory in 1933 and this entry went on to see extensive service in the early campaigns - particularly against the Chinese after the 1937 invasion.

The 7.7 ton vehicle featured a typical six-wheeled arrangement with a boxy, armored superstructure added to the chassis to protect the crew of six within. Armor protection reached 10mm thick along critical facings and overall dimensions of the vehicle included a length of 6.6 meters, a width of 1.9 meters, and a height of 2.95 meters. Power was from a 4-cylinder gasoline-fueled engine generating 45 horsepower. Atop the superstructure roof was a traversing turret typically fitting a single 7.7mm machine gun while ports along the hull sides could be used by the occupants to fire light weapons against enemy forces.

One of the more unique facets of the M.2593 was the inherent ability to change out its road wheels from the solid rubber-tired forms to flanged wheels for railway riding. The road wheels gave rather limited on-road service with a maximum speed of 40 kilometers-per-hour attainable (and poor off-road service altogether) but the flanged units provided the car with a maximum speed of 60 kilometers-per-hour and could be adjusted depending on the rail gauge in play. Operational ranges were out to 150 miles giving the M.2593 a useful reach.

Such a vehicle was able to quickly access the innermost parts of China by way of the vast, established rail network and help to assail and police key positions within reach.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Sumida M.2593 Railway / Reconnaissance Armored Car.
1 x 4-cylinder gasoline-fueled engine developing 45 horsepower.
Installed Power
37 mph
60 kph
Road Speed
149 miles
240 km
Range
Structure
The physical qualities of the Sumida M.2593 Railway / Reconnaissance Armored Car.
6
(MANNED)
Crew
21.6 ft
6.58 meters
O/A Length
6.3 ft
1.91 meters
O/A Width
9.7 ft
2.95 meters
O/A Height
15,399 lb
6,985 kg | 7.7 tons
Weight
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Sumida M.2593 (Type 91) Railway / Reconnaissance Armored Car.
1 x 7.7mm machine gun in roof-mounted turret.

Small arms could be fired through side ports by the crew.
AMMUNITION:
Not Available.
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - NONE.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - NONE.
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Sumida M.2593 (Type 91) family line.
M.2593 - Base Model Designation
Type 91 - Alternative Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Sumida M.2593 (Type 91). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 1,000 Units

Contractor(s): Ishikawajima Motorcar Factory / Sumida - Imperial Japan
National flag of modern Japan

[ Imperial Japan ]
1 / 1
Image of the Sumida M.2593 (Type 91)
Image from the Public Domain.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
ARMOR CAR / SECURITY
RECONNAISSANCE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Sumida M.2593 (Type 91) Railway / Reconnaissance Armored Car appears in the following collections:
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