Many of the primary players of World War 1 (1914-1918) fielded some sort of railway artillery - this included the French, British, and the Germans among others. Rail guns were some of the heaviest artillery pieces witnessed in the conflict and provided extremely-long-range in-direct fire support capabilities for ground offensives. In some cases (such as with the German "Paris Gun"), they also enacted a certain psychological terror upon recipients, primarily in civilian areas, where large shells could fall on busy centers without warning. Initial work on railway artillery was handled through French experiments in 1914 but it was only a matter of time before the other powers found the value in these massive guns. By the end of the war, the available designs proved more dedicated for the role than those initially seen in service.
The guns fired an 850-pound High-Explosive (HE), Amatol-filled shell from a 304.8mm caliber gun tube that measured 40 feet long. The tube was breech-loaded and featured a Welin screw design. Initial recoil was handled by way of a Hydro-spring design though the forces were so severe that the remainder of the recoil action was the train car simply allowed to roll back a distance along the tracks (the Elswick carriage used locked brakes to reduce this effect). The gun tube's mounting allowed the barrel to be elevated from a span of 0 to 30-degrees though traverse left or right was severely restricted. Muzzle velocity of the outgoing shells reached 2,610 feet per second with a maximum firing range out to 32,700 yards.
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.