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NORINCO PZH-89 (Type 89)

Tracked Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)

China | 1999

"The Type 89 MLR succeeded the aging Type 70 vehicles in PLA service when introduced in the latter part of the 1990s."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/10/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Using a common tracked chassis, the Type 89 (PZH89) was developed along the lines of a Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) for service in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China. Adoption was in 1999 and succeeded the Type 70 vehicles then in service. The Type 89 continues in a frontline role within the inventory of the PLA as of this writing (2015).

The tracked chassis of the Type 89 includes six double-tired road wheels to a hull side with the drive sprocket at front, the track idler at rear, and three track return rollers managing the upper track spans. The hull seats the driver at front-left with the powerpack to his right while three to four additional crew are seated at positions within the middle-rear of the low-profile hull superstructure. An access door at the rear hull face provides entry/exit for some of the crewmembers. Drive power is from a single 12150L diesel-fueled engine outputting 520 horsepower and providing road speeds up to 55 kmh and ranges out to 450 kilometers. Hull suspension is a torsion bar arrangement which supplies the needed cross-country mobility.

Key to the success of such vehicles as the Type 89 is its rocket projecting hardware. A 40 x 122mm launch tube pack is seated over the rear area of the hull roof. Each 2.87 meter-long rocket typically holds a High-Explosive (HE) warhead for a devastating effect upon target areas out to 20 kilometers range ("extended range" rockets serve to increase engagement beyond 25 kilometers). Rockets have also been developed to support a variety of payload types to further broaden the tactical value of the Type 89.

Internally, the Type 89 employs basic creature comforts and battlefield management systems. The Fire Control System (FCS) is fully digital and an NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) suite supplies survivability for several key operating environments that would otherwise prove fatal to the crew. The vehicle also carries forty reload rockets in a special front-mounted pack ready to serve the expended launch tubes while further rocket reloads must come from an accompanying resupply vehicle. The resupply pack has an automated process which makes the launch tubes ready for firing in under three minutes.

Beyond its launch tube mounting assembly, the Type 89 is also armed with a single 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) for local defense against both low-flying aerial targets as well as light armored ground vehicles and infantry. As with other vehicles of this type, the Type 89 is protected only against small arms fire and shell splinters through its innate armor scheme. As such, it serves primarily away from fluid frontlines in the indirect fire role.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the NORINCO PZH-89 (Type 89) Tracked Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
1 x 12150L diesel engine developing 520 horsepower driving a traditional track-and-wheel arrangement.
Installed Power
34 mph
55 kph
Road Speed
280 miles
450 km
The physical qualities of the NORINCO PZH-89 (Type 89) Tracked Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
23.6 ft
7.18 meters
O/A Length
10.3 ft
3.15 meters
O/A Width
10.4 ft
3.18 meters
O/A Height
59,800 lb
27,125 kg | 29.9 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the NORINCO PZH-89 (Type 89) Tracked Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS).
40 x 122mm Rocket Launch Tube Pack.
1 x 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun (HMG).
80 x Rockets (Variable warhead types available.
500 x 12.7mm ammunition.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the NORINCO PZH-89 (Type 89) family line.
Type 89 - Base Series Designation; Type 321 utility chassis.
PZH89 - Alternative PLA designation
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the NORINCO PZH-89 (Type 89). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 250 Units

Contractor(s): China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of China

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Image of the NORINCO PZH-89 (Type 89)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; released to the public.

Going Further...
The NORINCO PZH-89 (Type 89) Tracked Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) appears in the following collections:
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