×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
Advertisements

HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
WORLD WAR 2

BM-8-24 (Katyusha)


Tracked, Self-Propelled Rocket Launcher (1941)


Land Systems / Battlefield

1 / 1
Image from the Public Domain.

Jump-to: Specifications

When fitted with a 24-rail rocket projector in place of their turrets, T-40 and T-60 light tanks became the BM-8-24 tracked rocket projector vehicle.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/06/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Advertisements
The BM-8-24 was a rather simplistic conversion of Soviet Army T-40 and T-60 light tanks to serve as rocket launcher carriers during World War 2. Once the tactical usefulness of the vehicles as direct-combat tanks was over (and eventually replaced by the arrival of the T-34 Medium Tank line), and to shore up stocks of rocket-projecting platforms, the tank hulls were selected for quick conversion in which their hulls, drivetrain, and general design remained unchanged and rocket launching hardware was added over the hull in place of the standard turret and its applicable main gun armament.

The Soviets went on to heavily favor rocket launcher carriers throughout the war in their march to Berlin and this was exemplified best by the classic "Katyusha" 6x6 wheeled trucks in the role. Reuse of the light tank chassis simply made the weapon system a tracked variant and, logistically, a very sound solution in both terms of manufacturing cost and availability. Additionally, performance specifications could remain largely unchanged, providing the needed cross-country, mechanized travel capability inherent in the compact tank designs when keeping up with the main fighting force.

The 82mm rockets used in the vehicles were officially designated as "BM-8" and they were adopted in August of 1941. The T-40 and T-60 light tanks converted for the rocket projecting role were then designated collectively as "BM-8-24". The "BM" in their designation marked them as ground-based, rocket projecting vehicles while the "8" marked the model of rocket in use ("BM-8"). "24" was used to signify the number of launch rails installed on the launcher component - this numbering twenty-four in all.

While not wholly accurate individually, the rockets generated tremendous saturation effect on a target area, particularly if multiple vehicles were used in launching several salvos. Not only were they a damaging component to infantry, dug in forces, and light vehicles, they provided a detrimental psychological effect on the receiver. Projectors could be used in unison with artillery support prior to a major offensive to help "soften up" enemy positions.

Conversions of T-40 tanks to rocket launcher carriers were handled from July to September of 1941 at the Kompressor plant in Moscow and some forty-four vehicles were converted for the role. T-60s were also converted during 1941.

Specifications



Service Year
1941

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Crew
2
CREWMEN
Production
650
UNITS


State Factories - Soviet Union
National flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support / Assault / Breaching
Support allied forces through direct / in-direct fire, assault forward positions, and / or breach fortified areas of the battlefield.


Length
13.5 ft
4.1 m
Width
7.5 ft
2.3 m
Height
5.7 ft
1.75 m
Weight
12,787 lb
5,800 kg
Tonnage
6.4 tons
LIGHT
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base BM-8-24 (Katyusha) production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 1 x GAZ 202 6-cylinder gasoline engine developing 70 horsepower.
Speed
28.0 mph
(45.0 kph)
Range
270.3 mi
(435.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base BM-8-24 (Katyusha) production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x Rocket Rail with 24 x 82mm rockets


Supported Types


Graphical image of tank battlefield rockets


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
24 x 82mm Rockets; reloads dependent upon accompanying vehicles and their reload stocks.


BM-8-24 - MLRS vehicle utilizing T-40 or T-60 light tank chassis.


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-