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DIO Raad-2 (Thunder-2)

Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)

Iran | 2002

"The Raad-2 represents an indigenously designed and developed self-propelled artillery platform for the nation of Iran."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/24/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
With the need to adopt a combat vehicle similar in form and function to the American M109 155mm-armed Self-Propelled Gun vehicle, the Iranian defense industry developed the "Raad-2" ("Thunder 2") series. The Raad-2 followed the 1996 introduction of the Raad-1 which was a 122mm-based vehicle built from the mating of the Soviet 2S1 turret and gun with the hull of the BMP-1. Similarly, the Raad-2 features the engine and road wheels of the Soviet T-72 Main Battle Tank (MBT) with the gearbox of the T-55 MBT. The 155mm gun in play is a locally-developed and manufactured weapon.

As in the M109, the Raad-2 features a rear-set turret emplacement mounting the primary armament. The gun is a long-barrel unit with double-baffle muzzle brake and midway fume extractor and designated as "HM44". A heavy-duty hinged clamp support assembly is fitted to the front hull to lock the gun in place during transport. The turret is of a boxy shape, allowing for the needed workspace for the gunnery crew. The complete crew numbers three - driver, commander, and gunner. The driver is seated at front-left with the engine at front-right in the hull. The track-over-wheel arrangement sports six roadwheels to a hull side with armor skirts providing some basic protection to the upper track regions. Recoil supports are lowered at the rear of each track section prior to firing. As a howitzer weapon system, the Raad-2 does not required line-of-sight of the target area, lobbing its lethal ordnance at enemy positions and fortifications. Local defense is by way of a single 12.7mm Anti-Aircraft (AA) machine gun fitting on a pintle mounting on the hull roof.

The Raad-2 features an operating weight in the 36-ton range. Its overall length measures 9 meters with a width of 3.4 meters and height of 2.6 meters. Power is through a V-84MS air-cooled, diesel-fueled engine outputting at 840 horsepower. Road speeds reach 65lmh with road ranges out to 450 kilometers.

The turret design includes a standard power-assisted traversing feature with manual backup support. It can rotate 360-degrees and features an elevation range of +75 to -3 degrees. The gunnery crew is wholly enclosed in the armored turret superstructure and largely separate from the driver position in the hull.

The main gun can fire various projectile types beyond the standard High-Explosive (HE) ordnance options. These include smoke, illumination, anti-personnel, chemical, and rocket-assisted munitions.

One noted variant in the Raad-2 family is the Raad-2M. It is finished with the Ukrainian 5TDF diesel-fueled engine of 700 horsepower. The vehicle is differentiated further by its enlarged exhaust port on the front-right side of the hull superstructure.

It is believed that the Raad-2 maintains an active status in the Iranian Army. Testing was ongoing as early as 1997.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the DIO Raad-2 (Thunder-2) Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH).
1 x V-84MS V8 air-cooled diesel engine developing 840 horsepower.
Installed Power
40 mph
65 kph
Road Speed
280 miles
450 km
The physical qualities of the DIO Raad-2 (Thunder-2) Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH).
30.0 ft
9.14 meters
O/A Length
10.2 ft
3.1 meters
O/A Width
5.4 ft
1.66 meters
O/A Height
79,366 lb
36,000 kg | 39.7 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the DIO Raad-2 (Thunder-2) Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH).
1 x 155mm HM44 howitzer
1 x 12.7mm anti-aircraft machine gun
30 x 155mm projectiles
650 x 12.7mm ammunition
Nightvision - YES - OPTIONAL.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the DIO Raad-2 (Thunder-2) family line.
Raad-2 - Base Series Designation
Raad-2M - Fitted with Ukranian-originated 5TDF diesel engines of 700 horsepower.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the DIO Raad-2 (Thunder-2). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 150 Units

Contractor(s): Defense Industries Organization (DIO) - Iran
National flag of Iran

[ Iran ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The DIO Raad-2 (Thunder-2) Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) appears in the following collections:
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