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Type 75 MLRS


130mm Multiple-Launch Rocket System


Japan | 1975



"The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force adopted sixty-six Type 75 rocket projectors since 1975."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/26/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Type 75 Multiple Rocket Launch System (MLRS) is a tracked, rocket-projecting vehicle once in service with the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF). It fitted a powered and positional multi-tube rocket launcher unit atop a modified hull of the Type 73 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC). The Type 75 saw service from 1975 to 2005 to which only some 66 were produced, these from 1973 to 1975. It has since been given up in favor of the American M270 MLRS system - a move mimicked by other world powers seeking a capable and versatile MLRS for the modern battlefield.

The Type 75 was a 16-ton vehicle with five road wheels to a hull side. The drive sprocket was forward with the track idler at rear. The engine was also at rear, housed under the launcher component. This set the driver to the front-left of the hull and the commander to the front-right (the complete crew numbered three). The launcher component managed 30 x 130mm rockets and local defense was through a 12.7mm heavy machine gun. Power was served through a Mitsubishi 4ZF diesel engine of 300 horsepower and the torsion bar suspension of the Type 73 APC was retained for its cross-country support. Road speeds reached 33 miles per hour with a range out to 186 miles. The chassis was developed by Komatsu.

The 130mm rockets were 95lb weapons and the launcher allowed for elevation from +50 to 0 degrees and traverse up to 100-degrees from center. Effective range of the weapon system reached out to 16,400 yards away, giving the Type 75 an appropriate reach as an artillery-minded solution. The launcher could execute a full launch of all tubes in seconds or, at the direction of the operator, launch each of its tubes individually for a more staggered effect at the target area. The launcher was the development of IHI Aerospace (Nissan).

In addition to fielding the rocket projecting vehicles, the JGSDF also made use of specialized weather vehicles which included equipment for analyzing weather specifics at play for rocket attacks.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Type 75 MLRS 130mm Multiple-Launch Rocket System.
1 x Mitsubishi 4ZF diesel engine developing 300 horsepower.
Installed Power
33 mph
53 kph
Road Speed
186 miles
300 km
Range
Structure
The physical qualities of the Type 75 MLRS 130mm Multiple-Launch Rocket System.
3
(MANNED)
Crew
19.0 ft
5.8 meters
O/A Length
9.2 ft
2.8 meters
O/A Width
8.8 ft
2.67 meters
O/A Height
36,376 lb
16,500 kg | 18.2 tons
Weight
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Type 75 MLRS 130mm Multiple-Launch Rocket System.
30 x 130mm rockets
AMMUNITION:
30 x 130mm rockets
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT:
Nightvision - YES
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the Type 75 MLRS family line.
Type 75 - Base Series Designation
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Type 75 MLRS. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 66 Units

Contractor(s): Komatsu / IHI Aerospace - Japan
National flag of modern Japan

[ Japan ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
FIRE SUPPORT / ASSAULT / BREACHING
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Type 75 MLRS 130mm Multiple-Launch Rocket System appears in the following collections:
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