×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
ARMOR
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
MODERN

TAB-77


8-Wheeled Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) (1977)


Land Systems / Battlefield

1 / 4
Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
2 / 4
Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
3 / 4
Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
4 / 4
Image courtesy of the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Jump-to: Specifications

The TAB-77 is the Romanian version of the Soviet-Russian BTR-70 armored personnel carrier series.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/27/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com; the following text is exclusive to this site.
The TAB-77 is a licensed Romanian copy of the Soviet Cold War-era BTR-70 8-wheeled Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) introduced during 1972. The Romanian version was brought online sometime later during 1977 and has seen manufacture under the Moreni Automecanica brand label. Still in active service today (2014), the TAB-77 is used by the armies of Romania and Libya. Several major versions have since emerged including the base armored carrier, a dedicated battlefield command vehicle with additional communications equipment, an artillery observation vehicle ("PCOMA") and a repair vehicle (TERA-77L - exported in five examples to Libya).

At 13 tons, the TABV-77 comes in slightly heavier than her Soviet counterpart. Dimensions include a running length of 7.42 meters, a width of 2.94 meters and a height of 2.34 meters. The standard operating crew is two with a driver and commander while nine combat-ready personnel can be carried in relative safety and comfort in the hull of the vehicle. Power is served through 2 x Saviem 797-05M1 series diesel-fueled engines developing 132 horsepower (each) at 3,000rpm and mated to a manual transmission system. Each engine drives a pair of the available axles while the first two axles are steerable. Tire pressure can be regulated on-the-fly. The torsion bar suspension system with its eight-wheeled arrangement allows for a maximum road speed of 80 kmh with operational ranges out to 550 km. In keeping with Soviet doctrine, the TAB-77 retains an amphibious quality (as seen in the BTR-70 before it), able to make roughly 9 kmh in water by way of two propeller jets found at the lower portion of the hull rear. Armor protection is only against small arms fire and shrapnel. A tropical kit for warm climate operation is proven optional while an NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) suite is standard. Three firing ports along the hull sides allow the passengers within to engage enemy troops from the safety of the vehicle. Infrared vision is available for both driver and commander for low-level operations. A powered winch is fitted to the front of the hull for rescuing fellow vehicles or removing road debris.
As an APC, the TAB-77 is modestly armed through its traversing turret by way of a 14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun and 1 x 7.62mm PKT series machine gun. 600 x 14.5mm rounds are carried for the primary armament and 2,500 7.62mm rounds are carried for the accompanying machine gun.

The TAB-77 saw combat deployment during the December 1989 Romanian Revolution which led to the overthrow of the ruling communist government during the fall of the Soviet Empire. The vehicle then saw consistent activity under exercises with Romanian Army forces before being fielded as part of the Western coalition in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. It was in these two theaters that the vehicle's proved themselves inadequately protected from hidden Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) deployed by enemy fighters - a shortcoming encountered by many vehicles fielded in the modern-day wars.

Approximately 168 TAB-77s have been produced including a single test vehicle sent to China. Manufacture of TAB-77s spanned from 1978 into 1991. During this time, Romania represented the only nation outside of the USSR proper to manufacture armored vehicles for the Warsaw Pact.

Specifications



Service Year
1977

Origin
Romania national flag graphic
Romania

Crew
2 + 9
CREWMEN
Production
168
UNITS


UA Moreni - Romania
National flag of Libya National flag of Romania Libya; Romania
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Amphibious Assault
Traverse bodies of open water under own power with / without preparation.


Length
24.3 ft
7.42 m
Width
9.6 ft
2.94 m
Height
7.7 ft
2.34 m
Weight
26,015 lb
11,800 kg
Tonnage
13.0 tons
LIGHT
(Showcased structural values pertain to the base TAB-77 production variant. Length typically includes main gun in forward position if applicable to the design)
Powerplant: 2 x Saviem 797-05M1 diesel engines developing 132 horsepower each at 3,000rpm.
Speed
52.8 mph
(85.0 kph)
Range
341.8 mi
(550.0 km)
(Showcased performance specifications pertain to the base TAB-77 production variant. Compare this entry against any other in our database)
1 x 14.5 KPVT heavy machine gun
1 x 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun


Supported Types


Graphical image of a tank medium machine gun
Graphical image of a tank heavy machine gun


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
600 x 14.7mm ammunition
2,500 x 7.62mm ammunition


TAB-77 - Base Series Designation
TAB-77A (R-1451/M) - Command Version
TAB-77A (R-1452) - Command Version
TAB-88A PCOMA - Artillery Observation Vehicle
TERA-77L - Repair variant; five examples to Libya


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Arab-Israeli War
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of the Bulge
Military lapel ribbon for the Battle of Kursk
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Indo-Pak Wars
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Soviet-Afghan War
Military lapel ribbon for the Spanish Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2
Military lapel ribbon for the Yom Kippur War
Military lapel ribbon for experimental military vehicles


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2021 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003- :::NEWSITE