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SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1

Mobile Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft System (SPAAS)

Russia | 2003

"The Russian-originated Pantsir-S1 anti-aircraft defense system will eventually stock the inventories of several armies of the world."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/11/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
With ever-increasing capabilities being found in existing and next generation aircraft comes a desperate need for armies of the world to develop evolved air defense solutions. Such is the case with the Russian-originated "Pantsir-1", known to NATO as the "SA-22 Greyhound", a short- / medium-ranged, 8x8 wheeled, Self-Propelled (SP) Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system. The weapon system has been in active service (albeit in limited numbers) since 2003 and currently serves the Russian Army through over twenty examples as well as the army of Syria (a long-time Soviet customer). Furthermore, Algeria, Iraq, Jordan and the UAE are reported to have Pantsir-1 vehicles on order while Brazil is mentioned as a possible Pantsir-1 candidate in the near future. A naval version of the Pantsir-1 is also planned with the end-goal to equip various Russian naval destroyer warships and similar vessels with the potent defense product.

The Pantsir-1 is the actual surface-to-air component comprised of repeat-fire autocannons, a battery of missile launch tubes and an advanced integrated radar tracking/direction system. This component can, therefore, be affixed upon various chassis types including both wheeled and tracked as well as aforementioned warships. The wheeled version seen is a four-axle, 8x8 truck arrangement which an enclosed driving cab and attached operations cabin for the launch crew. The launcher component sits at the rear of the truck with an unfettered view of the action around the vehicle. The alternative identified form is a tracked offering with the launcher component affixed to the hull of a GM-352 vehicle. Development of the Pantsir-1 system began in 1990 as a replacement for the aging, though effective, "Tunguska" series anti-aircraft platforms.

Work on a new air defense system culminated in a pilot vehicle (this on a Ural-5325 8x8 truck chassis) being unveiled in 1994. A more finalized version was showcased to potential customers during the 1995 MAKS show. However, lack of government funding slowed and ultimately shelved the project for a time until backers in the UAE provided the necessary capital to see the program through some five years later. The production model was then seen on the chassis of a KAMAZ-6560 8x8 truck and UAE Army versions were built atop the chassis of the MAN SZ 45 8x8 truck - showing the high adaptability of the Pantsir-1 system.

The Pantsir-1 is an all-modern, all-digital air defense weapon system coupling advanced tracking, search and engagement functionality to a hybrid cannon/missile armament to achieve high "first-kill" probability at short-to-medium ranges. Fixed upon the chassis of a mover vehicle, the Pantsir-1 becomes a capable mobile air defense platform ready to counter the challenges of the modern battlefield. The primary weapon system is the collection of 12 x 57E6 series radio-guided surface-to-air missiles held in four separate, three-tube launchers. The missile component is tied to 2 x 30mm 2A38M autocannons that fire can variable warhead types to suit the given defensive role. This "one-two" punch ensures a high kill probability against all manner of low-flying aircraft including fixed-wing, helicopters and cruise missile types. Fire control is directed by two phased-array, 360-degree coverage radar systems that reach out to detect at 36 kilometers while engagement can occur under 28 kilometers. The total vehicle crew is just three personnel - a driver for the vehicle and two system specialists for the launcher/guns.

First combat use of the Pantsir-1 was through the Syrian Army when a system tracked and successfully downed an encroaching Turkish McDonnell Douglas RF-4E Phantom II reconnaissance aircraft in June of 2012. Beyond that, the exposure of the Pantsir-1 has been limited to due limited availability. That should drastically change with the number of systems currently on order - which may number as many as 250 units.

Iraq has received some Pantsir-S1 systems as part of a 48-strong deal with Russia signed in October of 2012.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

July 2022 - It was revealed that a single Pantsir S1 example had been captured from Russian forces and reconstituted by Ukraine in the ongoing war between neighbors.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1 Mobile Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft System (SPAAS).
KAMAZ-6560: 1 x KamAZ-740.35-400 diesel-fueled engine developing 400 horsepower driving conventional eight-wheeled arrangement.
Installed Power
50 mph
80 kph
Road Speed
404 miles
650 km
The physical qualities of the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1 Mobile Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft System (SPAAS).
33,069 lb
15,000 kg | 16.5 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1 Mobile Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft System (SPAAS).
12 x 57E6 Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs) on traversing turret.
2 x 30mm 2A38M Automatic Cannons on traversing turret.
12 x 57E6 or 57E6-E missiles.
700 x 30mm projectiles.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1 family line.
Pantsir-S1 - Base Series Designation.
SA-22 "Greyhound" - NATO codname.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 32 Units

Contractor(s): KBP Instrument Design Bureau - Russia
National flag of Iraq National flag of Jordan National flag of Russia National flag of Syria National flag of Ukraine

[ Iraq; Jordan; Russia; Syria; Ukraine (captured systems) ]
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Image of the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1
Image from the Russian Ministry of Defence.
2 / 2
Image of the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1
Image from the Russian Ministry of Defence.

Going Further...
The SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1 Mobile Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft System (SPAAS) appears in the following collections:
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