The Patria AMV ("Armored Modular Vehicle") is of Finnish origination and was adopted by the national army in 2006. The vehicle has since proven relatively popular on the global stage where it has seen procurement by several world militaries since its introduction. One of the major selling points of the Patria AMV wheeled system is its inherently modular design which allows the vehicle to be configured to directly suit customer requirements. In this way, the armament/turret and onboard systems can be of local or foreign design and implemented to suit particular battlefield roles. As the chassis and powertrain remain largely same across al models, this proves a rather logistically friendly investment for my modern armies seeking to fall under budget yet provide a modern battlefield component to its forces. This Patria's AMV designation literally describes the product in its modular sense - able to be converted to a base Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) (whose focus is armed troop transport), Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) (with a focus on troop transport with fire support), battlefield ambulance, communications platform, armed or unarmed wheeled reconnaissance, NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) data platform, turreted tank-killer and so on. The Patria AMV is available in three main hull guises beginning with the base armored vehicle form, a high roof line version providing more internal working space and a structurally reinforced "heavy" variant required for the stresses of mounting large-caliber weapons and powered turrets. As the AMV is available through a plethora of configurations, this makes the vehicle's operational weight rather variable, ranging from as little as 35,000lbs in its lightest offering to the 60,000lb form when heavily armed and armored.
The Patria concern is based in Helsinki, Finland and was founded in 1997 with a focus on armored vehicles (primarily wheeled) as well as helicopter/aircraft component production/support and mortar development. EADS ("European Aeronautica Defence and Space") holds a quarter share in the company.
Externally, the Patria makes use of the widely-accepted armored vehicle design approach complete with a very shallow glacis plate for basic ballistics protection, a low-silhouetted profile (in direct combat variants) and high ground clearance. The hull sits atop an 8x8 wheeled arrangement across four axles. The driver sits to the front-left and vision blocks are afforded his position as well as the commander's position. Additional hatches are fitted over the troop compartment. Primary armament is situated along the hull roof line in non-turret versions of the vehicle or in a 360-degree traversable armored turret otherwise. A large rectangular entry/exit door is found at the rear hull facing for the passenger occupants. The engine is seated in a compartment to the front-right of the hull - common to many modern armored vehicles. The vehicle supports use of applique armor blocks for improved protection against Rocket-Propelled Grenades (RPGs) and other armored-defeating weapons while the hull offers strong protection from land mines and buried IEDs (Improved Explosive Devices).
The standard Patria AMV chassis is powered by a single Scania brand diesel-fueled engine outputting up to 543 horsepower. Maximum road speed is 60 miles per hour on ideal surfaces with an operational road range of approximately 530 miles depending on configuration and diesel engine fitted (Scania DI 12 or DC 12 series are available). All eight of its wheels are suspended through an independent hydropneumatic arrangement for optimal cross country travel. The vehicle is also amphibious by design and can reach speeds of up to 6.2 miles per hour in water by way of an integrated propulsion system.
The base Patria AMV internal arrangement is generally for three crew members made up of the driver, vehicle commander and gunner. Passenger seating can range from eight to twelve persons depending on the internal configuration (APC, IFV, etc...). Seating in non-turreted vehicles consists of two side benches facing one another.
Current operators of the Patria AMV (beyond the Finnish Army) include Croatia, Poland (as the KTO "Rosomak"), South Africa (as the "Badger"), Sweden, the United Arab Emirates and possibly the United States (pending the outcome of the Marine Personal Carrier program). In the latter, Patria has teamed with defense powerhouse Lockheed Martin to bring a modified version of the Patria AMV to the USMC. The Poles have actively fielded their Patria AMVs (under the internal name of KTO Rosomak) in the Afghanistan theater under UN direction.
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Patria - Finland Manufacturer(s)
Croatia; Finland; Poland; Slovenia (expected); South Africa; Sweden; United Arab Emirates Operators
Support allied ground forces through weapons, inherent capabilities, and / or onboard systems.
25.3 ft (7.7 meters) Length
9.2 ft (2.8 meters) Width
7.5 ft (2.3 meters) Height
50,706 lb (23,000 kg) Weight
25.4 tons (Medium-class) Tonnage
1 x Scania DC12 diesel engine developing 480 horsepower OR 1 x Scania DI12 diesel engine developing 530 horsepower. Drive System
62 mph (100 kph) Road Speed
466 miles (750 km) Road Range
Dependent upon arrangment. Possible armament types include 7.62mm GPMG, 12.7mm heavy machine gun, 40mm automatic grenade launcher, 105mm main gun, anti-tank missile launchers, various field mortars, etc... Also smoke grenade dischargers (if equipped).
Dependent upon armament configuration.
Patria AMV - Base Series Designation; available in three hull types - Basic, High Roof and Heavy Weapons Platform.
KTO Rosoamak - Polish Army Variant
SKOV 8x8 "Svarum" - Slovenian Army Variant; 30 vehicles delivered.
"Badger" - South African Army Variant; 264 units on order.
"Havoc" - Possible USMC variant currently under development.
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Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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