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Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle)

Wheeled Military Vehicle

Finland | 2006

"The Patria AMV is a modular 8-wheeled vehicle that is beginning to gain notice from interested military parties worldwide."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/21/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Patria AMV ("Armored Modular Vehicle") is of Finnish origination and was adopted by the national army in 2006. The vehicle has since proven relatively popular on the global stage where it has seen procurement by several world militaries since its introduction. One of the major selling points of the Patria AMV wheeled system is its inherently modular design which allows the vehicle to be configured to directly suit customer requirements. In this way, the armament/turret and onboard systems can be of local or foreign design and implemented to suit particular battlefield roles. As the chassis and powertrain remain largely same across al models, this proves a rather logistically friendly investment for my modern armies seeking to fall under budget yet provide a modern battlefield component to its forces. This Patria's AMV designation literally describes the product in its modular sense - able to be converted to a base Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) (whose focus is armed troop transport), Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) (with a focus on troop transport with fire support), battlefield ambulance, communications platform, armed or unarmed wheeled reconnaissance, NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) data platform, turreted tank-killer and so on. The Patria AMV is available in three main hull guises beginning with the base armored vehicle form, a high roof line version providing more internal working space and a structurally reinforced "heavy" variant required for the stresses of mounting large-caliber weapons and powered turrets. As the AMV is available through a plethora of configurations, this makes the vehicle's operational weight rather variable, ranging from as little as 35,000lbs in its lightest offering to the 60,000lb form when heavily armed and armored.

The Patria concern is based in Helsinki, Finland and was founded in 1997 with a focus on armored vehicles (primarily wheeled) as well as helicopter/aircraft component production/support and mortar development. EADS ("European Aeronautica Defence and Space") holds a quarter share in the company.

Externally, the Patria makes use of the widely-accepted armored vehicle design approach complete with a very shallow glacis plate for basic ballistics protection, a low-silhouetted profile (in direct combat variants) and high ground clearance. The hull sits atop an 8x8 wheeled arrangement across four axles. The driver sits to the front-left and vision blocks are afforded his position as well as the commander's position. Additional hatches are fitted over the troop compartment. Primary armament is situated along the hull roof line in non-turret versions of the vehicle or in a 360-degree traversable armored turret otherwise. A large rectangular entry/exit door is found at the rear hull facing for the passenger occupants. The engine is seated in a compartment to the front-right of the hull - common to many modern armored vehicles. The vehicle supports use of applique armor blocks for improved protection against Rocket-Propelled Grenades (RPGs) and other armored-defeating weapons while the hull offers strong protection from land mines and buried IEDs (Improved Explosive Devices).

The standard Patria AMV chassis is powered by a single Scania brand diesel-fueled engine outputting up to 543 horsepower. Maximum road speed is 60 miles per hour on ideal surfaces with an operational road range of approximately 530 miles depending on configuration and diesel engine fitted (Scania DI 12 or DC 12 series are available). All eight of its wheels are suspended through an independent hydropneumatic arrangement for optimal cross country travel. The vehicle is also amphibious by design and can reach speeds of up to 6.2 miles per hour in water by way of an integrated propulsion system.

The base Patria AMV internal arrangement is generally for three crew members made up of the driver, vehicle commander and gunner. Passenger seating can range from eight to twelve persons depending on the internal configuration (APC, IFV, etc...). Seating in non-turreted vehicles consists of two side benches facing one another.

Current operators of the Patria AMV (beyond the Finnish Army) include Croatia, Poland (as the KTO "Rosomak"), South Africa (as the "Badger"), Sweden, the United Arab Emirates and possibly the United States (pending the outcome of the Marine Personal Carrier program). In the latter, Patria has teamed with defense powerhouse Lockheed Martin to bring a modified version of the Patria AMV to the USMC. The Poles have actively fielded their Patria AMVs (under the internal name of KTO Rosomak) in the Afghanistan theater under UN direction.

August 2018 - The United Arab Emirates is actively combat-evaluating the Patria AMV for its Army service in Yemen. This particular variant fits the BMP-3 IFV turret.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one land system design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle) Wheeled Military Vehicle.
1 x Scania DC12 diesel engine developing 480 horsepower OR 1 x Scania DI12 diesel engine developing 530 horsepower.
Installed Power
62 mph
100 kph
Road Speed
466 miles
750 km
The physical qualities of the Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle) Wheeled Military Vehicle.
25.3 ft
7.7 meters
O/A Length
9.2 ft
2.8 meters
O/A Width
7.5 ft
2.3 meters
O/A Height
50,706 lb
23,000 kg | 25.4 tons
Armament & Ammunition
Available supported armament, ammunition, and special-mission equipment featured in the design of the Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle) Wheeled Military Vehicle.
Dependent upon arrangment. Possible armament types include 7.62mm GPMG, 12.7mm heavy machine gun, 40mm automatic grenade launcher, 105mm main gun, anti-tank missile launchers, various field mortars, etc... Also smoke grenade dischargers (if equipped).
Dependent upon armament configuration.
Nightvision - YES.
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Protection (CBRN) - YES.
Notable series variants as part of the Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle) family line.
Patria AMV - Base Series Designation; available in three hull types - Basic, High Roof and Heavy Weapons Platform.
KTO Rosoamak - Polish Army Variant
SKOV 8x8 "Svarum" - Slovenian Army Variant; 30 vehicles delivered.
"Badger" - South African Army Variant; 264 units on order.
"Havoc" - Possible USMC variant currently under development.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national land systems listing.

Total Production: 1,315 Units

Contractor(s): Patria - Finland
National flag of Croatia National flag of Finland National flag of Poland National flag of Slovenia National flag of South Africa National flag of Sweden National flag of the United Arab Emirates

[ Croatia; Finland; Poland; Slovenia (expected); South Africa; Sweden; United Arab Emirates ]
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Image of the Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle)
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.
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Image of the Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle)
Image from the United States Department of Defense imagery database.

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to battlefield requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Patria AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle) Wheeled Military Vehicle appears in the following collections:
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